The paper operates mainly based on research questions which can be stated as follows: Would you agree that Ancient Rome is seen by many to be the highpoint of the ancient world? What were the contributions of Rome to our Western world in politics, society and religion?…
Download file to see previous pages...
The paper tells that the wonders of ancient Rome are many. It is easy to understand why historians feel that this society was the highpoint of the ancient world. This opinion is supported by the fact that so much of ancient Rome is still alive today in the cultures of the West. One way that the ancient Romans have affected the world is through the invention of the republican form of government. Their conversion of Greek direct democracy into a system of government that allowed the masses to participate while incorporating checks and balances to protect against corruption is a marvel. Many of the liberal representative democracies in Europe and North America are based in some way on the Roman Republic. Consuls, tribunes and the senate have modern counterparts in the House of Representatives, Senate and President in the United States. This form of government has spread all over the world thanks to the focus on individual and human rights that must be protected in order for this sort of democracy to work. Another way the Romans influenced our current world is through their focus on the rule of law. Roman laws were codified in The Twelve Tables. This became a foundation for all of Roman law that was to be enacted throughout the empire. The Roman emphasis on the rule of law ensured that justice could be guaranteed for all Roman citizens throughout the Roman Empire. This security encouraged trade and travel all over the Empire. Establishing the rule of law helps many Western nations today ensure that all citizens are treated fairly regardless of race or religious affiliation. A final influence that can be seen in America specifically is the connection between religion and politics. It is campaign season in America, and even though the Constitution of the United States declares freedom of religion, the religious and moral beliefs of the candidates is of great importance. It is reported in the news almost daily. Roman politicians were among the first to manipulate the religious beliefs of the population in an effort to win votes. The modern politics of religion have their origins with the orators and politicians of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. In class we talked about the ‘cradles of civilization’ we discussed four major ones, what are the similarities of these areas and are they the only ones? Along with the cradles of civilization what are the general characteristics of ‘complex societies or civilizations’? Physical geography is the major unifying feature of the ‘cradles of civilization’. Civilization started in geographic locations where a food surplus was easy to obtain. All of civilization is founded on the ability to raise more food than each individual farmer needs. This excess food leads to specialization of labor and provides the means for the beginnings of trade. All early civilizations started in places where some outstanding physical feature allowed for the creation of surplus food. In the case of the earliest civilizations, the physical feature was a river valley. The Sumerians in Mesopotamia were supported by the Tigris and Euphrates, the Harappans had the Indus, the Egyptians had the Nile and the Chinese had the Huang He. Rivers provided a source of food through fishing and irrigation for crops. As civilization developed, they also provided a means of transportation. Physical geography also affected later civilizations such as the Greeks and the Romans. Access to fertile, grain producing regions in Sicily and Crimea caused much of the imperial expansion and diplomatic intrigue for both of these civilizations. As each of these river valley civilizations grew, they developed certain characteristics that all complex civilizations seem to share. The first of these is a means of social stratification that is possibly justified or explained through religious beliefs and teachings. This is seen in Egypt through the
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Ancient Rome Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1396422-western-civilization
(Ancient Rome Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Ancient Rome Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1396422-western-civilization.
Modern civilization can trace its routes quite clearly to ancient history, one civilization after the other, with each influencing the next and all subsequent empires, in terms of both innovation and invention.
Different philosophers at different times tried to define the concept. St. Augustine said that, as long as he was not asked to define the meaning of leisure, he knew what it was, but if asked about its meaning, then he could not definitely describe it (Toner 1995).
Jerome Carcopino has smoothly organized 1st and 2nd Century Rome back into picture in his book. Carcopino recreated the magnificence and immorality of the city; it’s dark, narrow crowded streets and daily routines from the vast collection of archaeological evidence and from vivid descriptions by ancient poets, satirists, letter-writers, and novelists like Petronius, Juvenal, Martial, Statius, and Pliny the Younger.
In ancient Rome, slavery played a very important role in both the society and the economy because besides manual labor, slaves were tasked to do many other domestic services and some were even employed in very skilled jobs and professions. It should be noted that in ancient Rome, teachers, accountants, physicians, and many other skilled professionals were slaves and Greek slaves tended to dominate this class of slaves because they were very highly educated.
The social status matters a lot in Rome and this status reflects in the food that would be eaten, the clothes that would be worn and also the individual one can marry based upon their social status. In social gatherings, the food that would be served to the elite class was superior to the ones served to the poor ones and hence people used to recognize the status of others on this base.
The action of this epic film took place back in the ancient Rome starting from 64 to 68 AD (LeRoy, 2008). This was the period when Claudius emperor was in power and this was the period when there was corruption and destructive emperor Nero ascended into power.
Religion plays a big role in terms of Rome's contribution to the world. Roman Catholicism perhaps is the most and widely embraced religion on earth. During the time of the Roman Empire, one of the most influential and strongest empires that were established, the Pauline Christianity or the Christianity that was propagated and preached by Apostle Paul influenced it.
They had a ruling senate, which comprised of wealthy magnates. Moreover, the political power of the Romans was wholly in the hands of a solitary monarch.The ruins of the primordial world like Ephesus, Pergamum, Pompeii and Volubilus attest to the fact that the Greeks and Romans were exceptional builders.
The Greeks were purely democratic; they had no single leader but were instead ruled by the oligarchy that was elected by the common man. Conversely, the Roman government system was primed on semi-democracy. They had a ruling senate, which comprised of wealthy magnates.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Ancient Rome for FREE!