Insert Name: Insert Insert Date: The classical world of the Greeks and the Romans This is an essay of my understanding and explanation of the history information of the topic the classical world of the Greeks and the Romans…
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By doing so, they became what we now know as the cradle of westernization. 1. What does your textbook mean when it says that the Greeks made the transition “from myth to reason”? The meaning of this was that the Greeks made what seemed to be impossible possible. When the notion of western thought and culture began in the 1500bc, it was later interrupted through the Greek Dark ages about 1100-900 BC. Here, westernization seemed to be a myth, something that would never be true. But again from around 900BC which is identified as the classical period there was a change of events as Greece entered the era which made it glorious, through the use of classical Greece philosophy, western thought and culture was developed. The philosophy based these developments upon the inquiry and reasons pertaining to various disciplines. These included literature, science, technology, law, economics, politics, psychology, art, ethics, etc. the early thinkers such as Thales and Anaximander were the ones who asked questions concerning the area of philosophy and came up with the theories to try to answer such questions. 2. List and briefly explain at least four specific contributions that the Greeks gave to Western Civilization. These contributions should be unique and specific to the Greeks The Greeks have made many contributions which are influential in western civilization. These are; the scientific method of solving the problem which was invented by Socrates, theatre is another contribution. Plays were written and performed to entertain people and also teach them morals and proper ethics. The form or system of government and politics was also a contribution from Greece. In the field of science, they provided knowledge regarding biology, physics, medicine, geology etc. An example being that through astronomy, they calculated the size of both the earth and the sun. And in physics the lever and the pulley were invented. 3. What was the special Greek contribution to politics, and how did this political system work? The historic Greek contribution to politics was the democracy system. It was a direct democracy system where each person had to vote. The democrats were only men as women; children and slaves were considered to be non citizens. The men would vote on what they wanted to be done. The thing or person that received the most votes won. This ensured that no tyrant, king or a single person could just bring in a new law and implement it 4. 4. Who was Alexander the Great? What did he accomplish? Why do you think that people from ancient times down to our own day have been so fascinated by him? Alexander the great was the king of Macedonia and a student of a famous philosopher called Aristotle. He was able to accomplish a lot of things like conquering over 70 cities Persian being one of them., spreading the Greek culture throughout the Persian Empire. He was also known to be a great general and a soldier and to add to that he acquired new colonies and trade routes. Many people are fascinated by him through his actions, and from him being a child till the day he died. For example, when he was 16years his father left him with the power to rule as he went to invade Thrace. He also showed his bravery at the Chaeronea battle and is known to never lose any battles that he went. He was considered to be among the greatest commanders in history and by the young age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empire. 5. Why is Julius Caesar such a
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The author of the essay states that one of the most prevalent concepts within the Greeks mythologies was the connection of the gods' works to the deaths of their more famed heroes and characters. It is also mentioned the Greeks believed in the direct intervention of the gods and also in the need for rites to be performed to control the crossing of the dead into the afterlife.
Some of the greatest areas of influence include paintings, sculpturing and other forms of arts in addition to engineering, science and mathematics. Moreover, most of the current political and governance structures borrow heavily from the Roman law and practice.
Why was Ancient Greek society as influential as it was, on the rest of the world? Greece is one of the oldest civilizations on earth. The ancient Greek civilization dates back to the Geometric period stretched from 900 to 700 B.C. It was the period when many seminal elements like big sanctuaries, Pan-Hellenic festivals and city states belonging to ancient Greek society were established.
According to the report, Culture, Power, Religion,the medieval period had certain defining characteristics which were very different from the characteristics of the modern period, despite the fact that some similarities remained. Those features that remain consistent become the determinants of their age.
Because of her geographical position, the Romans’ city-state was open to “the migrations and invasions of people from the Po River in the north and Sicily in the south” (Comparisons, par. 1). Obviously, these geographical factors played important roles in shaping and determining the socioeconomic, cultural and political traits of the Roman civilization.
In the past, a passage from Piraeus harbour to Athens means an uncomfortable, grimy trip. A tedious, boring spree, though splendid natural wealth of picturesque places abounds along the route, especially the bony-like walls of edifices, full in marble and glass (Hirschon, and Herzfeld 1998).
Another meaning, tells us that the hero is the protagonist of a work. We find the definition of hero in the Dictionary of Mythology Universal Worship and the Primitive: "Hero (From the Greek Heros, genito. Hero. Equivalent to Sanskrit bends" strong man or brave, "and the Latin vir, "male"): Protectors of the people, who after his death were turned into public hands, and Daimon, after the apotheosis in gods" (Burton, pp.
They had a ruling senate, which comprised of wealthy magnates. Moreover, the political power of the Romans was wholly in the hands of a solitary monarch.The ruins of the primordial world like Ephesus, Pergamum, Pompeii and Volubilus attest to the fact that the Greeks and Romans were exceptional builders.
The Greeks were purely democratic; they had no single leader but were instead ruled by the oligarchy that was elected by the common man. Conversely, the Roman government system was primed on semi-democracy. They had a ruling senate, which comprised of wealthy magnates.
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