The importance of history and its research is of great importance in understanding the course of events of the past that affect us in the contemporary society. Gaining an understanding of the writings presented by historians is vital in this endeavor…
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In order to know more about him comprehensively, we have to answer questions about who he was, what drove him to write, and what perceptions of his work were adopted by both his contemporaries and modern day readers. The term historiography refers to the theory and history of writing.1 It can also be defined as the academic prospect of writing history and how historians came to understand these records.2 Due to the complexity and inaccuracy associated with historical study, historiography thus enables us to identify and appreciate these discrepancies in a bid to find the truth. It also helps us gain insight on humanity; the knowledge that would enable us to avoid mistakes made in the past that led to catastrophes and borrow those that were beneficial.3 For example, the study of the fall of the Roman Empire would easily be relevant in the modern day superpowers and thus the statement; history repeats itself. The historiography’s progression, and its methods and conception, changed and developed substantially. All of the past sources of history, to the seventeenth century started accumulating in the enlightenment period. One of the major influential historians and academician of the period was Edward Gibbon. Edward Gibbon (April 27, 1737-January 16, 1794) was a historian in the 18th century, and his writing on history was an important element among his contemporaries and is still an important topic of study in modern day academic scholars of historiography.4 In his life time he served as a soldier during the English seven-year war, managed his family’s business and was also a member of parliament. He was born in Putney, England in a period of ‘enlightenment.’ Edward Gibbon was born April 27, 1737 to Edward and Judith Gibbon in Putney, London, England5. He was raised as the only child after his six siblings died at infancy. His father was an heir to an affluent family.6 During this period, there was a wide revolutionary thinking on the perception and acceptance of Christian theology and church dogma. He was born to an affluent family, according to the standards of the period; his early education was profound, as demonstrated by his ability to engage in scholastic research and writing at a relatively young age.7 His childhood was marred by poor health and he describes himself as “a weakly child” and nearly succumbed to death several times. He was vastly ignored by his parents who were occupied with their social life and was abandoned to inadequate caregivers who were household servants and physicians.8 One of the ways that he uses method or conception from the past is evident in the classical period. By the Enlightenment and eighteen century, we find that Classical writers have been highly common in academic all over the European continent, with similarities in all his works, from writers of the ancient Rome and Greece. A Greek writer, Heredotus, wrote “The Persian Wars’ that has the theme of geography and ethnography, of the Near East people. Gibbon also appears to have the same theses in the “He is popular for several publications, but the major one is the ‘Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire,’ by the manner in which he comprehends all the Europe’s ‘barbaric’ people. In addition, another idea that he appears to have adopted from the ancient Greece is that of universal history; this idea
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(Kimble et al. 1991) Tolman was born in Newton, Massachusetts in 1886. He stayed there when he grew up and was educated in public schools of Newton. He lived in a family of upper middle class socioeconomic status and had a father who was president of a manufacturing company.
The archives of the Soviet union were openned up to the western and soviet scholars because of the collapse of the soviet. However, the interpretation of the meaning of recent events was infringed by political passions. The sudden freedom of the former soviet historians to write from political constraints and disengagement with the CPSU led to the elimination of wrong soviet inteptetation.
The themes in the paintings may or may not be ambiguous but viewers can appreciate and recognize the paintings from a technical perspective. In addition, a person who is careful in viewing the painting will recognize that there is unusual use of color, perspective and light in the painting.
In addition, he addressed comprehensive ideas on several aspects of psychology. While most of his concepts are reflected in several researches, the field of psychology does not acknowledge his contributions. Few individuals, beside the proponents of Adlerian theory support his work.
America has experienced various alterations under several presidents, but President Theodore Roosevelt is the only one recognized as the President of 20th Century. His importance to America can be witnessed with his monument carved in the face of the Mount Rushmore along with other legendary presidents including: Jefferson, Lincoln and Washington (McPherson 101).
Born from a middle class family, Edward Estlin Cumming was born in the town of Massachusetts on October 14, 1894. He was named after his father although he was called by his middle name by the family. His father was a successful man as once he was a professor of Sociology and political science at the Harvard University before proceeding to become a renowned minister of a church located in Boston.
He was then elected into parliament as a Conservative coalition-unionist in December 1918. Mosley’s political career was largely successful until 1931. In November 1920, he opposed the British government’s policy on Ireland independence. Mosley received immense publicity due to his critique of government troop’s reprisals and atrocities against Ireland.
The cause of the war was due to the pressing issue of slavery. Majority of the rebel states did not want slavery to be extended to the west states(Richards, 2000, p. 9). The spread of slavery to the west could mean more slaves being
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