Center of discussion in this following paper is propaganda. The term Propaganda assumed immense significance during the First World War but it is known that societies have made use of propaganda whenever there were common interests. …
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The paper tells that McKenzie in his book “Propaganda and Empire” has highlighted the extreme importance of the 19th century ideological constructs. He has suggested that the durability of the term has assisted the development of hurdles in the economic progress of the UK during the 20th century. This aspect has become an important part of debates in the post colonial period. While investigating and evaluating the foundation of such ideologies, McKenzie examined children’s literature, school text books exhibitions, radio, films and theater. He concluded that as a consequence of imperial propaganda, the middle classes were able to achieve economic advantages under the garb of idealistic processes. In this process, morality was substituted by mercenary motives and enhanced adventure and romance for military and political aggressions. Thus, it became a significant change of past imperialist urges that matched the revised concepts of colonial settings. Across the entire middle ages till the modern period, there has been immense reliance on propaganda and no society has refrained from it. For instance the constant conflicts amongst the monarchy and parliament in Britain has been a historic struggle whereby propaganda has always been used. Propaganda has been used as a weapon in the American independence movement, while it was also liberally used during the French Revolution. The maximum use of propaganda was made during the First World War, and both communists and fascists were aggressively involved in revolutionary propaganda after the war ended. After having captured power, both sections attempted to grab territories that extended further than their national boundaries, through the use of propaganda. In the modern world, man’s creativity has perfected means of communication that extends the impact of ideas and information in quickly spreading the required appeals. Nevertheless, the technological developments can be constructively used for the creation of peace and international welfare. However, leaders such as Mussolini and Hitler chose to use this medium for inhuman and selfish objectives and thereby created a negative picture of propaganda in the modern world (Herman and Chomsky, 1988). The development of politics in the modern world has stimulated the impacts of propaganda and is now considered an essential element of political campaigns in democratic systems. Propaganda now appears to be an essential part of the democratic process because the candidates seeking nominations are expected to appeal to the voting constituencies through strong promises and planned programs. After being elected, politicians have to appeal to the electorate for their opinion on suitability and dependability of their efforts and policies. It thus becomes necessary for political parties to engage in propaganda to justify and explain their course of action to the public. During peace time, democratic governments mostly engage in propaganda in making people aware of the available services and in creating popular support for themselves. Recent developments such as globalization have expanded the scope of propaganda because under circumstances of mass consumption and mass production, propaganda techniques have transformed in creating involvement of different entities such as employees, consumers, interest groups and the public at large (Farrell and Smith, 1967). Hate propaganda creates harm to people by negatively impacting their dignity and feeling of self worth. In addition, it harms society as a whole as it obliterates social accord and leads to discriminatory practices and violence, thereby leading to the creation of a hostile atmosphere amongst those that are besieged in the same society. Hate propaganda works in dehumanizing people in the
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“The Role of Propaganda for the Functioning and Survival of Human Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1395155-the-role-of-propaganda-for-the-functioning-and-survival-of-human-society.
Theories of Human Development and Functioning. In the field of human development and functioning, the theory of lifespan psychology has taken new dimensions with preceding years. On that basis, we can say the theory has progressed for the better development of humanity.
They act as correctional institutions where offenders of serious and non serious crimes are given the opportunities to reform and repent. The second objective is of providing the necessary protection to the common man from criminals. But unfortunately, the statistics show that the prison sentences have not been able to prevent repetition of crimes.
This practice has been long established especially in times of war and in some countries during election. Propaganda is used today as it was in the past. However, it has taken many turns in that it is now used in elections (politics) in many countries all over the world to convince the electorate to vote as well as in advertising products.
Furthermore, propaganda can only an interactive way to achieve certain purposes. As a result, propaganda is defined as a systematic way to influence certain behaviors, attitudes for attaining the desired response (Jowett and O’Donnell, 1999) Historically as well as currently, propaganda is associated with enemy talking lie (Marlin, 2002).
(See Appendix I – “Even the Youngest Want to Take Hitler’s Picture” – First Image on page 7; Appendix II – “Jobs” – Second Image on page 9) “Total” in the context of propaganda is pertaining to the use of medium when sending out the leader’s messages across a group of audiences which aims to capture and win the support of people5.
The images associated to propaganda found in this course highlight some of the instances of practice of propaganda. This images include, the image displayed in the third lesson about the young imitating Hitler’s steps and actions, what the Chinese postage stamp implicated in relation to propaganda and finally, the jobs.
The nature-nurture debate has been a particularly problematic one in the field of developmental psychology. In order to ascertain the extent to which human psychology is influenced by genes and biological make-up, as compared to the environment and culture, it is necessary to be able to distinguish the effects of nature from those of nurture.
In most cases, people disseminate information without facts. Politicians have used it as a political tool that convinces masses. Propaganda also serves the interest of the senders of the message. According to Jowett, Garth & Victoria (51), propaganda creates
Every human being has some inborn or hereditary qualities that are passed over to him through genes. There are a lot of other qualities that he learns over time. Technology has changed the way humans interact with other humans. I argue that human identity is a combination of both nature and nurture.
orssattempts to show the destructive manner through which human beings have developed and this to such an extent that they are often willing to become spectators in their own destruction (Buck-Morss 30). She attempts to show that despite the veneer of development as well as
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