Ante means before and bellum means war. It had different categories of slaves working as urban and domestic skilled, rural and agriculture, others living in homes owned by slave holders as well as those who worked in plantations…
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The aristocrats were very wealthy and owned vast pieces of land which were developed by the slaves. One factor that had an effect on slave institution was need for labor to work in the white farms. Slave trade was viewed by slave masters as necessary evil because there was sparse population and therefore they needed labor to work in their farms. In order to get this labor they had to force the blacks to work in their farms. The effect of this on the slaves is that they were forced to leave their homes to go and provide the required labor. The greatest oppressor of antebellum slaves was lack of education. There were also limited opportunities to professionals. They were denied education because the masters wanted to ensure that accumulation of property was easy. Lack of education was also contributed to by the fact that the slaves no property that could help them subsidize for a good education. As per the nature of work done, slavery involved involuntary servitude. It involved securing labor services by means of force and treating the slaves so acquired as property. Work was assigned according to one’s physical capability where a day’s hours of work ranged from 15-16 hours. Moreover work was not assigned according to sex differentiation. Therefore even pregnant women could find themselves doing hard tasks like hoeing. An accident of birth is what determined the status of the slaves. Human nature coupled with inequality in power is the greatest factor that influenced slavery. The slavery had negative effects on the slaves. Effect of the slave trade on slaves was that they were subjected to very little or no privacy at all. They were put in various concentration camps in very large numbers. As a result there was a lot of overcrowding such that there could be no longer private life for the slaves. There was also a lot of work for the slaves. Due to this they had no free time for them. They were always expected to be working all the time. There was also no time for the family. This was mainly due to the amount of work that they were expected to do. Secondly, due to the manner in which different tasks were allocated to different slaves, it meant that there was little time for the family. They were not able to see each other occasionally. Their children were usually sold or given away by the slave masters therefore they could not be closely knit together as a family. Furthermore, the slaves were not allowed to marry. This was because the slave masters thought that if the slaves were allowed to form families, they could have other responsibilities and thus they could not be able to work as they were expected to. To avoid this, they prohibited them from marrying. Another negative effect of the slavery is that they were subjected to very many rapes. They were raped by other slaves as well as by the slave masters. Profitability of slave trade To the holding master Slave trade though considered as a vice, it brought with it a number of considerable benefits. There were different benefits that accrued to different people. Since this was controlled workforce, coupled with economies of scale, ensured that there was free labor. The greatest beneficiary of this system was the white master. The system ensured that they produced more than they could have if they worked on their own. Benefit of slavery to the slave masters was that they were able to amass great wealth owing to the fact that slaves made doing of work in the firms easier. To the slaves The benefits that accrued to the slaves were that they were able to access better housing, better food and better clothing. There was also increased freedom of movement as well as more
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The author states that among the problems faced by people on account of the serious effects of the Great Depression, those faced by the African Americans, must be noted with special concern as they were the group of people who were hit harder. It is the African Americans who suffered from the many sided effects of the Great Depression.
The history of African American involvement, participation and contribution in politics is rich and its foundations highly extensive, an examination of African American citizenship since 1865 is representative of these observations and highlights the depth of this notion.
African Americans in the US armed forces were way above half a million by 19431. It is important to note here that most of these African American soldiers were not allowed or rather offered a chance to fight externally and therefore were based within United States
Northerners created a face of Abolitionists and claimed to end slavery because it was immoral, as they believed. Most of them believed that everyone is supposed to be treated equally as stated in Constitution and slavery had
According to the report various ideologies were also stated in condemning slavery by terming it as a sin and an outdated way of living. The whites were expected to resolve the issue and accommodate the blacks as full members of the American society. Slavery was also associated with denying the blacks various rights like voting.
Slavery was demonstrated in a variety of forms, but the actual concepts underlying it were the same always. Being a slave meant that you are a property to someone, who could use you in any way he/she liked. Blacks automatically became slaves by virtue of being black and their status of being properties were forced on them through violence or threats (Hunter 73).
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