Nobody downloaded yet

Middle East Studies. Iraq: Then, Now, and in the Future - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Running head: How Have the Iraqi Oil Fields Affected the Social, Economic, and Political Aspects of the Country? How Have the Iraqi Oil Fields Affected the Social, Economic, and Political Aspects of the Country? Insert Name          Insert Grade Course Insert 9 December 2011  How Have the Iraqi Oil Fields Affected the Social, Economic, and Political Aspects of the Country?…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91% of users find it useful
Middle East Studies. Iraq: Then, Now, and in the Future
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Middle East Studies. Iraq: Then, Now, and in the Future"

Download file to see previous pages Modern apartment and office buildings sprang up in Baghdad, and programs and services like education as well as health care developed with the shift from rural areas to urban population centers. Together with modernization, the influx on monetary resources allowed Iraq to do things for its cultural identity and preservation, particularly in architecture. First priority was given to the restoration and building according to historic style, and the structures targeted included the archeological sites, mosques, and government buildings. Iraq’s economy is currently in a difficult situation. Following the 1991 Persian Gulf War, the United Nations enforced Security Council Resolution 687, which demands Iraq to disclose the full extent of its programs to develop chemical and nuclear weapons and missiles, and to eliminate its weapons of mass destruction. In 1996, the United Nations modified the sanctions and implemented the oil-for-food program, which allows Iraq to pump and sell a limited amount of oil for humanitarian services (Baram 25). In social stratification, Arabs, Kurds as well as other ethnic groups each have their own social stratospheres, and no one ethnicity dominate another in a caste system. In terms of social class, there is huge disparity between reach and poor. Those who make up the high class in society of Iraq are essentially chosen by the government, since there is no opportunity to start a business and make a name for oneself without the endorsement of the government. The once-dominant middle class of the 1970s has deteriorated in the face of the economic crisis. Politically, Iraq is a republic divided into eighteen provinces, which are subdivided into districts. There is a National Assembly elected every four years, and they meet twice annually and work with the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC) to make legislative decisions. The RCC holds ultimate authority over legislative decisions, and the chairman of the RCC is the president of the nation. The president exercises all executive decision-making powers, and he as well as the vice presidents are elected by a two-thirds majority vote of the RCC. There is universal suffrage at age eighteen, and the popular vote elects 220 of the 250 seats in the National Assembly. The president chooses the remaining 30 seats, which belong to the three provinces of Kurdistan; he also appoints judges (Ismael Para 3). A significant feature of centrally planned economies, like Iraq under Saddam Hussein, is the lack of the legal, political, and economic as well as regulatory institutions that are the indispensable foundations of efficient market economies. Thus, the focus of the Iraq reconstruction efforts ought to be the creation of institutions that not only stabilize the economy, but also can serve as an engine for sustained long-term development. Iraq will be required to learn how to build and maintain good institutions as well as how to utilize them efficiently to rebuild its economy (Dani Para 2). This report offers background on the different sectors and institutions of the Iraqi economy. It also identifies a number of questions and issues which might have considerable bearing on Iraq’s future prospects and may need to be dealt with as Iraq, the United States, and the international community seek to put the economy of Iraq on a sounder long-term foundation. Basically, our research ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Middle East Studies. Iraq: Then, Now, and in the Future Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Middle East Studies. Iraq: Then, Now, and in the Future Essay)
“Middle East Studies. Iraq: Then, Now, and in the Future Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Middle East Studies. Iraq: Then, Now, and in the Future

Israel, Iraq and the USA in Middle East Politics Analysis

...on several occasions asked the Middle Eastern communities to unlock their economies to foreign investors In conclusion, Israel, Iraq and the US are three countries whose relationship have greatly affected the Middle Eastern politics in diverse ways. The sour relationship between some communities in the region has caused major political cataclysms in for many years now. An excellent example is the unending war between Islamists and Israelis. The Islamic uprising has also culminated to copious disputes between communities in the region. However, the problem have also extended to foreign communities who believe that the Middle East is...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Middle East Studies

.... Hussein, Abdulrhman A. D. So History Doesn't Forget: Alliances Behavior in Foreign Policy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Bloomington, Indiana: Authorhouse, 2012. Print. Kausch, Kristina. Plus C?a Change: Europe's Engagement with Moderate Islamists. Madrid: FRIDE, 2009. Print. Khadduri, Majid, and Edmund Ghareeb. War in the Gulf, 1990-91: The Iraq-Kuwait Conflict and Its Implications. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Print. Lacquement, Richard. "Preaching After the Devil's Death: Shaping American Military Capabilities in the Post-Cold War Era." Peace Research Abstracts. 41.4 (2004). Print. Nicholas, Blanford, “Hizbullah and the IDF: Accepting New Realities Along the Blue Line,” The MIT Electronic Journal of...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Contemporary Middle East History (US INVOLVEMENT IN IRAQ)

...consequence of this transformation in U.S. European relations over Iraq is the effective end of Atlanticism, American and European foreign policies no longer centre around the transatlantic alliance to the same overriding extent as in the past” (Weiss et al., 2004, 158). References Beckett, I. (2005). Insurgency in Iraq: An Historical Perspective. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Strategic Studies Institute. Bengio, O. (2002). Saddams World: The Political Discourse in Iraq. New York: Oxford University Press. Crane, C. C. & Terrill, A. (2003). Reconstructing Iraq: Insights, Challenges and Missions for Military Forces in a Post-Conflict Scenario. Carlisle Barracks,...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Middle east

...Middle East Water has been considered a major factor that has contributed to the conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians. Although oil andscarcity of land has been attributed to the conflict, water remains to root cause of the conflict. Since the creation of the Israeli state, conflicts between the Palestinians have concentrated on Gaza and West Bank (Gabbay, 2004). The main reason why Israel has maintained disputed settlements in Gaza and West Bank is the need to control water resource in the region. The Middle East and North Africa are the driest regions in the world despite having massive oil resources. Middle East is a desert region and thus it receives less than 250 mm of rainfall annually. Israel is characterized... ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Middle east studies

.... Jordan has had an important history in the affairs of Middle East politics. It was under the auspices of the British Empire for major part of the 20th century. It was only after 1946 when Jordan formally came into being as an independent state. Lebanon on other hand remained under the influence of France for greater part of the 20th century politics. Lebanon also remained part of the European influence and remained a colony for considerable part during those days. All these came to an end after the Second World War, when the major parts of the British Colonies were allowed to declare their independence and they emerged on the surface of earth as independent states. The League of Nations which had...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Middle east studies global prespectives

.... Education in Lebanon. War Child Holland. Web.18/3/2014. Samira Alayan, Achim Rohde & Sarhan Dhouib. The Politics Of Education Reform In The Middle East: Self and Other in Textbooks and Curricula. 2012. Berghahn Books Sedgwick Robert. Education in Lebanon Today. 2006. Web.18/3/2014: of labor also offers vocational education for free. Ministry of education and higher education has a special doctorate for higher education which include 39 universities and institutes for higher education (Alsoufi and Jammal, 4). Some of these institutions of higher education have many branches across Lebanon. Higher...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Middle east

...Music s Music of 18th century The 18th and 19th century holds a rich history of music, as it produced great composers and gave a boost to classical music and opera. In the 18th century, Germany was known for its high quality of music, and the most prominent names were Bach, Handel, Beethoven, Schumann and Hindemith. These composers adopted Italian expression and virtuosity, combined it with the grace of French and German characteristics in order. In the history of music, Classical period was from the year 1750 till 1830 and Romantic era was from 1804-1949. Haydn and Baroque are known for Classical music, as for Beethoven and Brahms, they are known as the composers of the Romanic period (Steel, 1986). The most prominent composers... s Music of ...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Middle east

...Effects of Gas/Oil Production of the Middle East over the Past 50 Years Some of the main oil producers in the Middle East include Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Iran. Oil production is said to run almost everything and the production endeavors of these three nations has greatly influenced their success for the last couple of decades (Stevens 6). In these three countries, for instance, the countries has seen an improvement in their international relations with some of the most influential countries of the world such the United States, Britain, Germany and Russia among others. Russia, in particular, has made huge investments in Saudi Arabia to ensure that the...
1 Pages(250 words)Admission/Application Essay

Middle east

..., the IS leadership decided to take control of the oil trade in the captured regions in Syria and Iraq. This was a crucial decision because now the IS controls a number of oil wells in the Middle East Asia, especially in Iraq. Similarly, donation from other nations is an important source of revenue for the IS. For instance, the IS leadership’s decision to declare a separate Islamic Caliphate is helpful to claim the authority over the Muslims living in different nations. On the other side, other terrorist groups lost their importance because those groups never represent the Muslims as a whole. To be specific, extremist groups like Al-Qaeda try to...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Middle East

...Middle East: Women’s Rights and Veiling Practices Muslim women veil for different reasons. Drawing on the articles above, explain two different meanings for veiling. Be sure to provide an explanation of the foundation of each perspective. Why do various interpretations of veiling practices exist? The common meaning regarding veiling assumes a religious basis whereby according to Koran female gender ought to conceal their beauty except to certain people who include husbands and close members (Asser, 2006). Mostly, this to shun those of opposite gender sinning, which is utterly prohibited by Koran thus adherents especially women have no option but to comply (Asser, 2006). This perspective mostly refers to...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Middle East Studies. Iraq: Then, Now, and in the Future for FREE!

Contact Us