The Civil Rights Movement Instructor name Date In 1955 Rosa Parks earned a special position in American history as the mother of the modern Civil Rights Movement. Parks, a black woman, refused to surrender her seat to a white man on a Montgomery Alabama city bus which violated Jim Crow laws existing in the southern states at that time…
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During the 1950’s racism was and had been fervent and widespread throughout the South. Laws that required racially segregated seating on city busses were enacted due to solely to racial prejudice. Most city bus lines in the South were operated by private companies at that time and the owners of these transport systems had no financial motive to require segregation. The bus line owners and drivers may have been racists themselves but their business was dependent on passengers and they would lose money by alienating black patrons, a major segment of their customer base. The government, today generally regarded as a body that resolves social inequalities, created this discriminatory practice to begin with. Politics initiated legal racial segregation. The social forces that motivate political practices are vastly different from motives that steer economic practices. Jim Crow laws were designed to, among other oppressive tactics; disenfranchise black voters to ensure only white persons opinions counted in the political process. A preponderance of racially biased whites was not required to legally mandate segregation of the races. Even if only a minority of white voters desired segregation while those opposed or ambivalent didn’t voice their opinion on the matter, which was more often than not the case, this was sufficient political power because the opinion of black voters were of no consequence because they had effectively lost their ability to vote. The political motivations were in conflict with economic interests. Owners of private transportation companies in the South lobbied in resistance during the formation of racially biased Jim Crow laws, made numerous court challenges after theses laws were passed and developed delaying tactics while trying to disregard enforcing segregation laws for several years. Bus drivers were routinely arrested for not enforcing these laws and the president of at least one streetcar company was threatened with jail time if he persisted in not following the law. However, transit company owners were not motivated because they were forward-thinking advocates of civil rights. This resistance “was based on a fear of losing money if racial segregation caused black customers to use public transportation less often than they would have in the absence of this affront” (Sowell, 2005). During the Jim Crow era, segregation of the races was hardly limited to areas of transportation. Hospitals in Alabama, whether private or public, could not force a white nurse to provide care for black patients. In Mississippi, freedom of the press was compromised by a law stating, “Any person who shall be guilty of printing, publishing or circulating printed, typewritten or written matter urging or presenting for public acceptance or general information, arguments or suggestions in favor of social equality or of intermarriage between whites and negroes, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and subject to fine not exceeding $500 or imprisonment not exceeding six months or both” (Cozzens, 1998). The question of segregation became an openly debated issue during the Second World War. The country claiming to be the symbol of freedom, an example for the world to follow, sent its soldiers to fight and die in a noble cause to make others safe from oppression and to promote
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(“Civil Rights Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words”, n.d.)
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(Civil Rights Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
“Civil Rights Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1392553-civil-rights.
However, I was not the only one to be the target of their hatred; on the contrary, the African Americans and South Asians are also looked upon with unabated abhorrence, suspicion and displeasure by an overwhelming majority of the WASP and narrow-minded extremist Arabians.
In the speech given on August 28, 1963 known as “I Have a Dream,” Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. inspired the minds of millions to believe in the moral progress of society and the process of social justice primarily as means through which African-Americans could enter into full equality in the country.
There were massive campaigns of civil resistance from the black population in America. At some point in the 1950s and 1960s, nonviolent protests and open acts of civil disobedience initiated disagreements between activists in the civil movement and the American government.
On the other hand, the Fifteenth Amendment granted African American men the right to cast their vote. In spite of having acknowledged equal rights with respect to the United States Constitution, a lot more white people persisted to show prejudice against African Americans across the United States (McDowell 20-40).
Civil Rights Name Course Course instructor Date Civil rights movement accomplished more than just removal of racial barriers; it also refurbished America socially, politically and culturally. The movement started during the Brown v. Board of Education ruling of 1954 up to the time of passage of the Voting Rights Acts in 1965 thus leading to unbelievable changes that most people currently enjoy in America.
They were treated as second class citizens. They could not raise voice for their right as mostly they were kept ignorant and even if they raised a voice, the action would be taken against them. This ensued a social unrest situation. The government reacted on their behalf and created a Congress for Racial Equality in 1942.
Fourteenth Amendment made all Americans equal before the law, yet for the next century Jim Crow laws still prevailed. The government was not ready to enforce these laws. The American white society was not ready to accept the new order. Court battles waged by National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) had proved to be ineffective.
White Americans joined Blacks in the civil rights struggle; southerners as well as northerners disturbed and troubled, Midwesterners and westerners took part, women along with men dissented. Elderly and young Americans were dynamic in the struggle as well; though, middle school to college students came to the struggle much later than the majority.
In dissimilarity to political rights, which is only exercised through conditioned eligibility as a registered voter or candidates, civil liberty is enjoyed universally. Currently, (Baker, Thomas, 2006),
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