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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder as an Incurable Disease and Its Symptoms - Essay Example

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This paper will discuss the history, implications, treatment options, and how post-traumatic stress disorder is conceptualized in society. The prevalence of comorbidity is evident when considering that among individuals who are in inpatient substance abuse rehabilitation centres…
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder as an Incurable Disease and Its Symptoms
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Download file to see previous pages In April of 1980, a new diagnosis was added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-III), however, the symptoms have been around since the 19th Century. With more people becoming aware of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), whose victims range from rape survivors to the wave of soldiers returning home from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, psychologists are unfortunately becoming more familiar with the disorder. However, clinicians are facing a difficult terrain, namely PTSD patients who self-medicate with drugs and/or alcohol. According to the present Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV), the diagnostic criteria for PTSD includes an exposure to a traumatic event and symptoms from each of three symptom clusters: Criterion B: intrusive recollections; Criterion C: avoidant/numbing symptoms; and Criterion D: hyperarousal. For the traumatic event to be directly linked as a causal factor to the development of PTSD (Criterion A), the person has to have either experienced it directly, witnessed it, or been threatened. Additionally, the person’s response has to have evoked an intense fear, helplessness, or horror. There are two other criteria to be considered when evaluating the diagnosis of PTSD, which include duration (Criterion E) of more than one month; and Criterion F: functional significance (APA, 2000). The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) has a similar diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder under code number F43. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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