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The Use and Abuse of Concerta - Essay Example

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This work called "The Use and Abuse of Concerta" describes the history, pharmacology, manufacture, dosage, side effects, and treatment for addiction of methylphenidate. From this work, it is obvious that today there is increased use and abuse of prescription drugs such as Concerta…
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The Use and Abuse of Concerta
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Download file to see previous pages In the 1960s, Methylphenidate was combined with energizers, hormones, and vitamins and made available in the market. It was referred to as Ritonic and was used to improve strength and mood (Barceloux, 2012).
The research was done on Methylphenidate and in the 1960s it was revealed that the drug could treat ADHD. The use of the drug to treat ADHD in the United States began in the 1970s and 1980s. In the 1990s, the use and sale of methylphenidate increased dramatically in the United States and this country became the biggest consumer of the drug in the world. Methylphenidate was used by approximately 5million children in 1997. Between 1990 and 2000, the use of the drug increased by 700%. 7 million children used methylphenidate in 2000. 90 % of children diagnosed with ADHD and ADD use of methylphenidate drugs. ADHD is more common in boys than in girls. The greatest amount of methylphenidate is produced, sold, and distributed in the United States. Other European countries such as Germany and the United Kingdom also manufacture and use the drug. Countries such as Sweden have banned the use of the drug (Barceloux, 2012).
Concerta is a stimulant with substances that trigger greater levels of dopamine production to keep the users alert. When Concerta is taken, it increases the alertness of the users as it triggers their central nervous system. It enhances the users’ focus and concentration. However, using the drug for a long time or overdosing causes addiction. Methylphenidate works in a similar way as cocaine on the dopamine and noradrenaline transporters. The drug blocks dopamine’s reuptake into nerve terminals and stimulates the dopamine nerve terminals to release dopamine. Consequently, the levels of dopamine in the synapse are increased (Doweiko, 2011).
Research has revealed that ADHD is caused by an imbalance of dopamine in the brain. By preventing the removal of dopamine from the synapses, methylphenidate increases the amount of dopamine in the brain. Studies have found that people with ADHD have defects in brain areas that enhance mental focus such as the parietal cortex and prefrontal cortex. An intake of methylphenidate increases causes increased activity in these areas. This leads to increased attention and focus (Doweiko, 2011). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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