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Adverse Effects of Blood Transfusions - Essay Example

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This work called "Adverse Effects of Blood Transfusions" describes the adverse effects of blood transfusions. The author outlines the major immunologic complications of blood transfusion whereas contamination of blood products and transmission of diseases are the adverse effects of this process…
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Adverse Effects of Blood Transfusions
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Download file to see previous pages A small needle is used to connect an IV line to one of the blood vessels of the recipient, through which the person receives healthy blood. complete depending on the volume of the blood the recipient needs. As Fasano and Luban (2008) point out, in olden days, whole blood required was transferred through the blood transfusion process whereas modern medical science uses only some of the components of the blood including red and white blood cells, plasma, and platelets. Blood donation, processing of the donated blood, compatibility testing, and neonatal transfusion are the major pre-transfusion procedures. Statistical data show that nearly 5 million Americans require a blood transfusion each year. This paper will critically analyze the adverse effects of blood transfusions.
There is a wide range of complications associated with the transfusion of blood and other blood products. High level of quality degradation of blood during storage becomes one of the most adverse impacts of this method and this trouble raises a series of direct and indirect complications. As per reports, side effects associated with blood transfusion in the United States cost nearly $17 billion; and this situation forces the economy to spend more on the healthcare sector. Evidently, some complications may depend on the physical status of the patient whereas some others would develop due to the particular transfusion quantity involved. However, the level of baseline complication risks associated with blood transfusion is directly proportional to the frequency and amount of transfusion. The adverse impacts of blood transfusion are mainly categorized into two such as immunologic and infectious which are described below.
Sometimes the blood recipient’s antibodies may destroy donor erythrocytes and this condition may lead to the occurrence of acute hemolytic reactions during the transfusion of red blood cells. Such a situation is fatal although it occurs very rarely. Clerical errors and improper cross-matching are the major causes of such reactions, and symptoms may include fever, chest pain, increased heart rate, breathing troubles, hemorrhage, and hypotension. Researches indicate the fact that the effects of hemolytic reaction may sometimes result in a kidney injury too. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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