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Common Cancer Treatment - Assignment Example

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In this paper “Common Cancer Treatment”, evaluation of action of 2 cancer treatments: chemotherapy and radiotherapy will be done. The author has chosen to look at both the treatments because the patient is received both the treatments for his cancer…
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Common Cancer Treatment
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Download file to see previous pages The case under discussion is about a 66-year-old male John (name changed to preserve confidentiality as indicated in the NMC 2002 Code of Professional Conduct). John was diagnosed to have carcinoma larynx stage T2 in April 2010. He is a smoker for 15 years and an alcoholic for 30 years. There is no family history of cancer.
John initially presented with a stiff neck in March 2010. A few days later, he had a visible swelling on the right side of his neck, which was very painful and tender to touch. He assumed that the swelling was because of tonsillitis as he had a bad cold recently. He took himself straight to his local Accident and Emergency (A&E) department. But, then, after examination, he was immediately referred to see the specialist consultant. On arrival at the specialist consultation, John presented with a large swelling on the right side of his neck with red marks over his chest and neck. Apart from occasional sweats, he had no other symptoms. He was admitted to the medical ward, started on intravenous antibiotics and referred to a dermatologist.
John’s treatment plan is to have six cycles of chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy. The aims of anti-cancer treatment in him are to control the disease locally and improve survival. The chemotherapy plan for John is to give him a combination of Cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil or 5FU every three weeks. The aim of combination chemotherapy is to maximize the number and type of cancer cells that are targeted with each treatment cycle and because different drugs exert their effect in different ways, a combination of drugs will have a greater effect by tackling different parts of the cell cycle. Also, tumor cells are able to adapt in order to increase their survival potential, therefore a combination of drugs will decrease the chance of drug resistance from the tumor (Barr et al. 2004).  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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