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Characteristics of Living Organ Donors among the UK Population - Research Proposal Example

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This research proposal “Characteristics of Living Organ Donors among the UK Population” investigates the demographic profiles of donors among the British citizens: their attitudes, psychological symptoms, predisposition to diseases and risk-taking behaviors as well as their intention to donate…
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Characteristics of Living Organ Donors among the UK Population
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Download file to see previous pages Organ transplantation is needed for conditions where bodily organs have failed functioning by reason of illness or injury.  Oftentimes, organ transplant becomes the only remaining treatment modality for patients with end-stage organ conditions (WHO, 2010), especially in liver and heart failures.  It is also considered as the treatment of choice end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients by virtue of cost-effectiveness, lifespan and quality of life (Collins & Johntson, 2009; WHO, 2010).   Renal (kidney) transplants rank first in the most performed organ transplantation in the world, followed by liver transplants.  Aside from ESRD, renal tumors can also be treated with renal transplantation (Collins & Johnston, 2009).  Liver transplants, on the other hand, are indicated for patients with end-stage acute or chronic kidney failure (Heaton& Maguire, 2002).
Organ donation can be either cadaveric or living.  Cadaveric organ donation is the procurement of organs from the bodies of deceased persons, either from a brain-dead person with still-beating hearts or from non-heart beating donors (Collins & Johnston, 2009; Devey & Wigmore, 2009), while living organ donation involves the procurement of organs from healthy, living donors.  Both organs and tissues can be donated by a human donor.  Donatable organs from cadavers include the heart, kidney, liver, lungs, pancreas and small intestine (New York Organ donor Network Inc, 2007a).  Tissues that can be procured from cadaveric donors include the corneas, heart valves, cardiovascular tissues, bone, and musculoskeletal tissues, and the skin (New York Organ donor Network Inc, 2007b).  Kidneys, a segment of the liver or lung, pancreas, bone marrow, and intestines- these are organs that can be donated by live donors (Transplant Living; Troug, 2005).  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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