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In contrast, the proposed presumed-consent system presumes that an individual is willing to donate unless they opt-out by withdrawing their sanction (Brezina, pg 48).
To deal with rising organ shortage, champions of presumed consent argue that it will lead to a substantial rise in number of would-be donors since it will be a suggestion of automatic donation to those who have not conveyed requests to the contrary. They also point out that the burden of determining whether to donate bestowed on relatives in traumatic period will be lifted. Its proponents have also pointed out that presumed consent preserves the spirit of selflessness among Americans. Besides implying that some European countries like Sweden and Spain are a success story in using this model, they point out that presumed consent augments the right of an indivigual to choose what occurs to them after death (Brezina, pg 52).
Proponents of this model have faced an equal measure of criticism. While this model hypothetically preserves individual’s independence, it is still coercive. It therefore follows that it is an individual’s responsibility to ensure that the government does not obtain their organs upon death. As this model may increase the number deceased donors since many people will avoid deciding on a matter that can be traumatic and challenging to contemplate, it may be regarded by some people as an affront to individual’s civil liberties. This can lead to a hostile response against organ donation (Brezina, pg 50).
This model can also be perceived as being religiously or culturally indifferent. Under presumed consent, the deceased are presumed to be organ donors lest they specify otherwise. Therefore such donations will be deemed ethically appropriate if established that an individual were conscious of the presumption and that the mechanisms for honoring and documenting refusals are effective and certainly available. Critics of presumed consent further point
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It is a procedure of providing an organ or its constituents purposely for transportation into another individual. For one to qualify as a donor, blood and oxygen should flow within the organs pending recuperation to enhance the success of the procedure. After exhaustion of all efforts to save the patient’s life, carrying out of tests is necessary to verify the absence of brain activity and once there is a declaration of brain death, donation becomes a possibility.
The paper will present criticism, comments and arguments from both sides of the coin and strive to find the relevant argument. The position taken in the paper will be against the topic and arguments such as freedom of choice, mistaken altruism, the present condition and the family decision will be used to validate the argument.
The Ethics in Organ Donation Organ donation is a sensitive issue in the United States as ethicists and health care practitioners continue to question the allocation of available transplant organs in terms of fairness and better outcomes principles. The decision to allocate available transplant organs is not easy especially when there is severe shortage of organ donors.
Since April of this year alone 1,486 people have received a transplant here in UK thanks to the generous gifts of 511 donors. Unfortunately there are still 6,545 people waiting for a transplant. Currently there are 12,881,354 people registered with the National Health Services (NHS) to donate tissue and organs upon their death.
Organ donation should remain a choice, but this choice must be more informed.
Around 100,000 individuals are on a waiting list for an organ transplant (Mayo Clinic Staff n.d.). A few lucky ones get an organ, but many die before receiving
There must be something that can be done to help improve the situation in the shortage of human organs for transplantation. There are many ethical and moral implications involved in human organ donations as well that requires some
Organ donation is a debatable ethical issue and different people have different views on it. Some people argue that organ donation is a morally right thing while other people argue that it is a morally wrong thing.
The number of people willing to donate their organs is less than 1.2 per million, and several cultural, mental, and physical barriers prevent people from donating their organs. People suffering from chronic illness, and those involved in accidents,
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