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Distress in Multiple Sclerosis by Kenneth I. Pakenham - Article Example

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In the paper “Distress in Multiple Sclerosis by Kenneth I. Pakenham,” the author provides an investigation of the coping antecedents to positive outcomes and distress in multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and progressive illness of the central nervous system…
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Distress in Multiple Sclerosis by Kenneth I. Pakenham
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Download file to see previous pages Symptoms include weakness, tingling, numbness, fatigue, lack of coordination, balance and vision problems, tremors, muscle stiffness, slurred speech, bowel and bladder problems, sexual dysfunction, memory and reasoning problems, and partial or complete paralysis. There are four known courses of the progression of this disease: a relapsing-remitting course which is the most common of all courses, primary-progressive MS, secondary-progressive MS, and progressive-relapsing MS. MS is currently untreatable but medication is available to slow the progression of the illness (Carlson and Reingold, 2006).
Patients with MS face several physical and psychosocial problems (Pakenham, Stewart and Rogers, 1997) and more commonly exhibit emotional disorders compared to other patient groups with similar degrees of physical disability (Rao et. al., 1992).
This research conducted by Kenneth I. Pakenham of the University of Queensland in Australia focuses on the psychosocial and emotional aspects of this disease. Current research has emphasized the negative psychological and emotional effects of the disease. The study seeks to cover both the negative and positive effects of the illness and the role coping plays in shaping these.
The project aims to investigate how appraised stress and coping strategies contribute in sustaining positive outcomes (benefit finding, life satisfaction, and positive affect) and regulating distress (depression and anxiety) in patients gripped with a chronic illness such as MS. Appraisal is defined as the evaluation of the personal significance of events. Appraisal of illness and distress has been linked to MS studies. Coping is defined as a continuous change of cognitive and behavioral management of specific external and internal demands that are appraised as exceeding the resources of the person (Lazarus and Folkman, 1984). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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