Nobody downloaded yet

Cost effective ways to provide clean water water and sanitation for Ethiopia - Research Proposal Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The global efforts geared towards meeting the Millennium Development Goals constitute a particulate necessity and interest to people without access to water. The progress so far in meeting the international timeline of the goals is remarkably notable. However, the uncovered…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.1% of users find it useful

Extract of sample "Cost effective ways to provide clean water water and sanitation for Ethiopia"

Download file to see previous pages It is a requirement of the human rights law that every person should and must have access to clean water and sanitation services. Several international policies are in place to enforce this expectation. However, the developing countries, including Ethiopia fail to meet the threshold in facilitating this essential right to the citizens.
Worldwide today, the statistics are surprisingly high, with over one billion of the humans lacking access to an adequate supply of water, which is twice more than those lacking basic sanitation. Surveys indicate that, unsafe water, insufficient hygiene and inadequate sanitation services account for about 9.1 percent of the worldwide batch of diseases and about 6.3 percent of all deaths. Additionally, children in the developing countries bear a good proportion of this burden and crisis, with water related factors causing over 20 percent of deaths of the people fewer than 14 years of age. Ethiopia has a populace of about 85 million citizens as the last census indicates (Legesse & Kloos, 2010). The capital of the state is Addis Ababa, with several other towns and villages. Like many other developing nations in Africa, the country suffers from deficient infrastructure. Thus, the needs for water and sanitation are severe in this country. It is surprising that, in this country, with such a high population, only 34 percent of this population has access to quality and sufficient water supply. In addition, only 21 percent of this population has access to adequate and affordable sanitation services (Legesse & Kloos, 2010).
Factual figures indicate that, about 56 million in Ethiopia lack the basic need of access to safe water for consumption. Moreover, a whooping 67 million habitants of Ethiopia do not have adequate and improved sanitation services (Legesse & Kloos, 2010). This evidence collaborate the observation ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Cost effective ways to provide clean water water and sanitation for Research Proposal”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Cost Effective Ways to Provide Clean Water Water and Sanitation for Research Proposal)
“Cost Effective Ways to Provide Clean Water Water and Sanitation for Research Proposal”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Cost effective ways to provide clean water water and sanitation for Ethiopia

Keep Our Water Clean

..., such as cleaning, washing, sanitation, irrigation as well as supporting industries like fishing, transport etc. But most importantly, it is used for drinking as 60% of human body has water. Lack of water in human body can cause dehydration, irritability, weakness, and fatigue as well as reduces the biological processes of cells resulting in symptoms that are very much like a disease. While “chronic dehydration” can lead to death (Dr. F. Batmanghelidj, 2004). Although the majority surface area of earth is covered by water, yet the drinking water is only around 1 % (Siaobhan Darrows). The rest of it is either too salty to be used or is in...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Clean water drinking water a result of leakage via water pipes. DRINKING WATER AND LAW The United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution in July 2010. In accordance with this resolution the developing nations that were suffering from water crisis were to be provided with international organizations that would ensure the availability of pure and clean drinking water within their respective regions. The international organizations were in turn supplied with funding, latest technologically advanced devices and other resources. This way these international organizations would be able to provide drinking water...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Clean Water in the Environmental Policy Context

...which can come at a high cost. Thirdly, water is an essential and abundant resource. People believe that they have the right to clean water. This therefore means that authorities need to ensure that waterbodies are clean and free of pollution. Additionally, the flora and fauna related to the ecosystems of rivers and other waterbodies have the right to be preserved. These three factors imply that federal and state governments have a primary obligation to ensure that water is free from pollution. The inherent nature of clean water issues means that government can only handle the issue of...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Clean Water Act by EPA

... quality programs has been shifted to controlling toxic pollutant discharges. Before 1987, these programs were mainly directed at point source pollution and waste disposal from discrete sources such as pipes and outfalls. In the same year, amendments authorized some measurements that address nonpoint source pollution such as storm water overflow from farm lands, construction sites, forests, and urban areas. These issues are considered to be nearly 50 percent of remaining water pollution problems (Copeland, 2010, pp.1-2). Clean Water Act and Tourism Under CWA's Section 312, EPA requires vessels to install Marine Sanitation Devices (MSDs) which treat recreational boat sewages both physically and chemically before they are discharged... ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Drinking Water and Sanitation

...with the effects of the problem. Introduction Drinking water and sanitation are two important factors in the lives of human beings. Water is required not only to drink but also for personal hygiene, the preparation of meals and to ensure that our surroundings are clean. Some people do not have access to piped water and therefore depend on other sources such as rivers and streams. This water is not treated and in a number of cases is exposed to various factors in the environment. Among these factors are the way we carry out various activities including disposal of industrial and household wastes. In...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Clean Water Act

...activities which may pollute water. Smith (2009) has pointed out that the difficulties in employing the mechanisms provided by CWA are the major cause of failures of CWA (Smith, 2009, p.134). In the absence of aggressive monitoring, polluters will influence the officials through bribes and will escape from punishments. To conclude, Clean Water Act is good in principle; but it failed to meet its objectives because of budget shortage for the functioning of EPA and other environmental agencies, ineffective monitoring methods, ineffective penalties, etc. These problems should be corrected and environmental agencies should be given more power to make the CWA more...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...Investigating the Fear of too much Lead in Drinking Water in Manhattan 1155 Sixth Avenue Manhattan New York, PA 10029 February 27, 2014 Mr. Mike Jones 29008 Manhattan New york, PA 10029 Dear Mr. Jones: It has come to our law firms (White and Case) attention that the citizens of Manhattans’ Upper East Side are consuming water with high levels of lead following recent incidences of increased eye irritations, blood pressure and stomach discomforts. Under the jurisdiction of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the National Primary Drinking Water Regulations asserts that the maximum contamination level goals (MCLG) for lead should be zero. This level assures consumers that there is no...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Water and human development (drinking water, sanitation)

...diseases such as typhoid, cholera, amoeba, and shigellosis among others are caused by poor water sanitation. Statistics show that 5000 children die every day as aresult of diarrheal diseases. This translates to every child dying in seventeen seconds. These death rates are because of inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene practices in developing countries. Poor sanitation has a direct link with economic growth of the country; A recent study shows that developing countries with improved sanitation achieved an annual economic growth of 3.7%, while on the other developing countries with poor sanitation, achieved only 0.7% economic growth...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...Marketing strategy for SoBe life water, vitamin water and smart water affiliation Marketing strategy for SoBe life water, vitamin water and smart water The sales on non-alcoholic drinks have exceeded three hundred billion dollars in a year globally. The growth in sales slowed down during the economic recession but is expected to skyrocket in the coming years. Functional drinks together with bottled water are projected to be driving the biggest share of in the growth of nonalcoholic sales, according to market line. North America, Russia and japan forms the largest market for soft drink and mineral water...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Water, Water Everywhere: Hydropower

...towards green energy by the year 2025. This could be achieved by utilizing the country’s more than 80,000 non powered dams by equipping them with power generating capabilities. Such a development would generate close to 12 GW, Gigawatts of renewable energy at a cost that is way lower than constructing new hydroelectric power plants leading to cost effectiveness and cheaper prices. If this were to be done, the country would comfortably be able to generate over 85 % of its power from green sources, thus reducing the pollution caused by use of fossil fuels. The country, According to the Energy Department, avoids emitting 200 metric tons of carbon particles in the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Proposal on topic Cost effective ways to provide clean water water and sanitation for Ethiopia for FREE!

Contact Us