StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Drinking Water and Sanitation - Research Paper Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
The need for safe drinking water and proper sanitation is paramount to achieving the basic standard of living. The need to achieve this goal is especially important in developing countries in Africa and Asia where people live in extreme poverty. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.1% of users find it useful
Drinking Water and Sanitation
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Drinking Water and Sanitation"

Download file to see previous pages The lack of safe drinking water has led to a number of diseases and deaths, especially among infants. A number of goals have been set over the years with various ten year milestones. These milestones have been beset with various challenges. However, there has been some amount of success. Various strategies including the promotion of breast-feeding to reduce mortality in infants have been used as a means of dealing with the effects of the problem. Introduction Drinking water and sanitation are two important factors in the lives of human beings. Water is required not only to drink but also for personal hygiene, the preparation of meals and to ensure that our surroundings are clean. Some people do not have access to piped water and therefore depend on other sources such as rivers and streams. This water is not treated and in a number of cases is exposed to various factors in the environment. Among these factors are the way we carry out various activities including disposal of industrial and household wastes. In addition to that, there is the problem of inadequate and improper sanitary conveniences which also have implications for the supply of safe water. Over the years a number of goals have been set. However, they have not been fully realized due to various challenges that affect these efforts. Previous Goals and Achievements The period 1981 – 1990 was designated as ‘The International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade’ by the United Nations (Cairncross 1992). During that period the aim was to increase the supply of water and hygienic toilets so that more people especially the poor could have access to these necessities (Cairncross 1992). A number of organizations including the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank were involved in this effort. Since then the drive for the improvement in the quality of life has continued as some of the targets were not achieved. In fact, Cairncross (1992) points out that a lot more needs to be done in order to facilitate efforts to make safe water and proper sanitation available to all people. Risk of Inadequate Drinking Water and Sanitation The problems that arise from inadequate drinking water and poor sanitation are far greater than the problems of war, terrorist attack and weapons of mass destruction but they receive less attention (Bartram et al, p. 810). The lack of proper sanitation and waste disposal facilities can lead to waterborne diseases including malaria, schistosomiasis and legionellosis (WHO). This is a serious problem as it results in the death of approximately 3900 children everyday and therefore threatens the achievement of the millennium development goals (MDGs) (Bartram et al 2005). The developing countries are more at risk as microbial organisms which cause diseases are normally found in drinking water in these areas (Ashbolt 2004). The situation is worst in places like Africa and Asia where a substantial portion of their people live in conditions of extreme poverty. Sequelae and mortality are the result as the body becomes less capable of providing immunity against diseases that are endemic (Pond 2005). Diseases associated with the intestines are generally more severe because of the high levels of mal-nutrition as well as the non-existence of strategies in these countries to deal with these types of problems. The traditional methods of filtration and chlorination continue to be used. However, these are not 100% effective as there are some chlorine resistant pathogens (Ashbolt 2004). The Millennium Development Goals According to Bartram et al (2005) 40% of the world population does not have access to a pit latrine and almost 20% do not have access to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Drinking Water and Sanitation Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/biology/1453650-drinking-water-and-sanitation
(Drinking Water and Sanitation Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/biology/1453650-drinking-water-and-sanitation.
“Drinking Water and Sanitation Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/biology/1453650-drinking-water-and-sanitation.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
wi
wiegandjohnnie added comment 1 year ago
Student rated this paper as
At first, I thought 3 of pages is too much for such a issue. But now I see it could not be done better. As the author starts you see the depth of the issue. I’ve read all at once. Perfect text

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Drinking Water and Sanitation

Recyclable Drinking Water

...?Recyclable Drinking Water By [Presented to] of EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Integrated marketing communication is one of the highly preferred marketing tools within the competitive business environment. It can be defined as the coordination and amalgamation of marketing communication tools and functions into a program or function that helps in impacting customers along with enhancing the feasibility and acceptance of the product (Adcock, Halborg, Ross 2001, p-15). The assignment aims at highlighting the use and importance of integrated marketing communication in developing a marketing plan based on recycle water usage for drinking. Recycle water is waste...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

The Benefits of Drinking Water

...? of the of the of the Benefits of Drinking Water Water is an integral part of our diet and we can derive numerous benefits from drinking it. Water is also a universal solvent; therefore the physical properties of water vary according to the source from where it is derived. It can absorb minerals and salt if its source contains any such constituents. In mineral-rich places, the water contains minerals which is highly beneficial for our health. “There is some evidence that high-calcium water is beneficial to bone.” (WHO, 105) Our bones require calcium to function properly and deficiency of calcium leads to...
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay

Clean water drinking water

...to the rest of the problems of these suffering individuals. Pollution is followed by Global warming which acts misery to the plight of the already suffering individuals. Extremely hot climates cause drought and also result in the drying up of the water reservoirs whereas, too much of rain results in the overflowing of sewage drains and worsens the sanitation problem even more. Unavailability of safe pure water not only leads to the threat of suffering from various diseases but it also leads to sanitation issues as well. SANITATION ISSUES: Unfortunately this area of water’s usage is just as neglected as the others. Improper...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

The Future of Drinking Water

...INB 490: Individual paper: The Future of Drinking Water March 4, Ayla Arif Introduction Drinking water continues to be one of the top priorities in the world. In the UK for instance, based on the European standards, the latest figures on water quality are the following: around 99.96% in England and Wales, 99.83% in Scotland, and 99.81% in Northern Ireland (Water UK, 2012). As to the water quality standard, there is no remarkable problem regarding the safety of drinking water in advanced countries. However, in other parts of the world, particularly in impoverished countries like Africa,...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Water Pollution and Drinking Water Safety

...?Water Pollution and Drinking Water Safety Introduction Water is the most abundant commodity on the earth’s surface. In addition, it is the most valuable commodity that is available to humanity and other forms of life. The high value of water does not protect it from misuse, as it is one of the most misused commodities. The earth surface is 72% water most of it in liquid form. Drinking is a major use of water and, this draws the boundary between clean and polluted water. Water pollution is the introduction of foreign substance or contaminant on natural...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Purification of Drinking Water, Drinking Water Treatment Processes, Wastewater Treatment in Developing Countries

...?Running head: Water Purification of Drinking Water, Drinking Water Treatment Processes, Wastewater Treatment in Developing Countries Insert Insert Grade Course Insert Tutor’s Name 25 June 2012 Introduction Water is the most important and valuable natural resource essential in meeting our daily basic needs that include food, drinking water, sanitation, health, energy and shelter (Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 2010). Despite the total earth’s reserve of water being enormous, availability of adequate, clean and safe drinking...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The bottled drinking water industry

...Anand1 P.S.Brahmanand ID 5283 Order # 133887 25 September 2006 The bottled drinking water industry Introduction: Water is considered as an elixir of life. It serves several purposes for plants, animals and human beings. The most important uses include the constituent of living cells and maintenance of turgidity (FN1), respiration, photosynthesis and nutrient uptake in plants. In animals it is mainly useful for maintaining the cell turgidity, respiration and enzymatic functions. Human beings use water for several purposes i.e. agriculture, industry and domestic needs. However the most primary use is for drinking purpose. Hence the optimum quantity and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

M8 Drinking Water PSA Discussion/Water Footprint Billboards

...Public Service Announcement Length: 0: 30 Drinking water safety for Use: Voice: The right to information about your drinking water Howsafe is Your Drinking Water? This is the question that should linger in the mind of every Boston resident whenever they need a glass of water. Do you know that it is your right to know the contaminants and chemicals detected in the water supplied to you? The shocking news is, very few people in this area are aware of the quality of water in their taps and the risks associated with lack of information about the possible contaminants or chemicals in this...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Water and human development (drinking water, sanitation)

...Challenges Resulting from Poor Water and Sanitation Practises Water and Sanitation is an important Human Right, and itis a key determinant of Human health and development. Every year millions of lives are claimed, and the developments of human are held back on a huge scale by lack of adequate sanitations, lack of hygiene and existence of unsafe water. World Health Organization indicates that improvements in sanitation and drinking water cold reduce child mortality every year by 2.2 million. In developing countries, access to safe, sufficient and affordable water is still...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Drinking Water Quality

...Drinking Water Quality December 4, Table of Contents Introduction Objectives ment 2 Methods 2 Resultsand Discussion 3 TDS Averages (Mean) 3 Bar Graph Representation of Average TDS Levels 3 Conclusion 4 References 5 Introduction Water quality refers to the suitability of water in sustaining various uses or processes (Bartram et al., 1996). Any particular use of water necessitates some requirements for the physical, biological and chemical composition of water. For instance, there are some limitations on the maximum amount of toxic substances allowed in water for it to be termed as “safe” for...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Drinking Water and Sanitation for FREE!

Contact Us