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Situation Analysis of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Kenya - Research Paper Example

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The government has issued a list of reliable sources of safe drinking water which includes piped source within a dwelling or plot, public tap, tube well or borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater. In acordance with recent statistical data, tremendous disparities exist between the supply of clean water to urcan and rural areas of Kenya. …
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Situation Analysis of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Kenya
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Download file to see previous pages The situation in Kenya pertaining to the provision of improved drinking water can be analysed from the table. The table shows that 63% of Kenya’s population (3 out of 5 households) has access to imporved water source which means that 37% of the population has an access to unclean and unhygienic water supply. The table shows that tremendous disparities exist between rural and urban households because 91% of the urban households have an access to improved water source as compared to only 54% of the rural households. One third of the households have an improved water source at a distance of within 30 minutes while more than third of the households have an improved water source at their premises. On the other hand, a large proportion of the population accounting for about 31% has to travel at a distance of more than 30 minutes to get safe drinking water. Huge disparities exist between the places of residence which is evident by the fact that 65% of the urban households have safe water source at their premises compared with only 26% of the rural households. As far as the treatment of water supply is concerned, only 45% of the Kenyan households treat their water supply with chemicals or heat inorder to increase its safety and purity.
The major method used in the treatment of water is boiling and is used by more than 29% of the households. On the other hand, 18% of the households rely on bleach or chlorine to disinfect water and make it suitable for drinking purposes. A similar case of disparities is evident in this aspect as well; water treatment methods are more common in urban households (57%) than among rural households (40%). (Demographic and Health Survey, 2008-2009). Sub-national Data: Major shifts have been observed in the last two decades pertaining to the proportion of global population using various types of improved drinking water sources. The proportion of global population using piped water supply on premises (improved water source) has increased drastically over the past few years. In the year 2010, 54% of the world population used piped water supply on premises as a source of drinking water as compared to 45% in 1990. A shocking fact is that the use of piped water supply area grew faster in rural areas as compared to urban areas and accounts for about 18% in 1990 to 29% in 2010. Furthermore, the reliance on surface water was reduced to half of what it was in the last decade. The reliance on surface water in 1990 was 10% in rural areas of the world and it decreased to 5% in 2010, while in urban areas the reliance was 6% and it decreased to 3% in the year 2010. Kenya is included in the list of ten countries without an appropriately improved drinking ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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