Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Study Guide - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Communication process contains elements like source, transmitter, and channel of transmission, the destination and receiver. The sender encodes the message while the…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.7% of users find it useful
Study Guide
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Study Guide"

PBH 300 Exam 2 study guide Chapter 6 Describe the communication process, keeping in mind the Shannon-weaver model and Harold Laswell.
The communication process involves the production and transfer of information from a sender to the receiver. Communication process contains elements like source, transmitter, and channel of transmission, the destination and receiver. The sender encodes the message while the receiver decodes the message.
What are the factors that affect the communication process?
The factors affecting communication include context of communication, relationship between the parties to the communication and the process of decoding and encoding the message.
Be able to define organization development, community mobilization and empowerment
Organization development is defined as a philosophy or approach to change within an organization that considers the organization as a structure of human beings.
Community mobilization is a cooperative action by the public to raise awareness regarding an issue affecting the community.
Empowerment refers to the public take charge of an issue facing the society, set goals and implement ideas to deal with the issue.
What is the difference between biological anthropology and cultural anthropology
Biological anthropology evaluates health behaviour being a species adaptation due to environmental interaction while cultural anthropology evaluates health behaviour being part of living, which incorporates action with significance, representation and value that are connected to the social structure.
Be able to provide an example of a political-economic approach
Political economic approach example is the influence of a political view on the economy, political pressure to use green energy influences the labor market.
Chapter 7
Know why planning is critical to a public health intervention
Planning is critical as it ensures resources in the public health sector are used efficiently.
Three steps of the planning approach
The three steps involved include assessment of issue, development of intervention and evaluation of intervention.
Name and describe the 9 stages of the Precede-Proceed model
Stage 1 is social assessment- assesses the quality of life and the social factors surrounding the issue.
Stage 2 is epidemiological assessment- assesses the incident of health issue, co-morbid conditions and the populous affected.
Stage 3 is behavioral and environmental assessment- assesses the behavioral and environmental issues associated with the health issue as acknowledged in the epidemiology data.
Stage 4 is educational and ecological assessment that assesses educational and ecological information contributing to the behavioral and environmental risk.
Stage 5 is administrative and policy assessment- it evaluates the resources that support development and implementation of the health program.
Stage 6 is implementation stage where the program is implemented.
Stage 7 is evaluation stage where program implementation is assessed.
Stage 8 is impact assessment stage where the short-term effect of the program is assessed.
Stage 9 is the evaluation of outcome where the long-term impact of the program is assessed.
Be able to apply Precede-Proceed to a hypothetical problem
The effect of aids in the society can be evaluated using the model.
What is the different between process, impact and outcome evaluations?
Process evaluation refers to implementation of components; impact evaluation evaluates the short-term goals while outcome evaluation evaluates long-term goals.
Name and describe the three phases of the risk protective factors model
Phase 1 is assessment if risk factors- balance of risk or protective factors are evaluated in relation to the issue.
Phase 2 is implementation stage- implementation of programs that reduce risk and increase protective factors in a community.
Phase 3 is evaluation stage- evaluates the change in risk and protective factor after program implementation.
Examples of the domains of protective and risk factors.
Risk factors domains include: environment, Community Individual, Peer, School, Society and Family while Protective factors domain include; Social bonding, Individual, Healthy beliefs and clear behavior standards.
Chapter 8
What are the Institute of Medicine’s three types of interventions?
Interventions include universal, selective and indicative programs
Describe the difference between “community intervention” and “interventions in the community”
Community intervention results in a smaller change over a large group while intervention in the community is a more targeted intervention in the society and has a big change.
Define and give examples of what “tailoring” is.
Tailoring is developing a program or modifying an old program to suit the situation affecting the community like using self help groups to grow vegetable for HIV patients.
Know the steps of adapting a program
The steps involved in adapting a program include, assessment of the issue, formative research and continued evaluation and assessment of program.
What is sustainability?
The ability to ensure continuity of the program long after initial funding is used up is referred to as sustainability.
What politics are run into when selecting a target population for a health issue?
Political issues include the source of funding, selecting the health issue to fund from a number of health issues and influence of advocacy groups towards an issue.
Chapter 9
Know the names of the five assessments used in a workplace setting and describe them.
Administrative assessment- assesses the workplace benefits, resource available for healthcare promotion and availability of unions.
Educational/ecological assessment- assesses the enabling and strengthening factors in the workplace.
Behavioral and environmental assessment- assesses the behavioral and environmental risks affecting workers in the workplace.
Epidemiological assessment- assesses the health conditions relating to the workplace.
Social assessment- assesses the social factors in the workplace.
What three theories are relevant to workplace characteristics?
The three theories relevant to workplace characteristics include social cognitive theory, social networking theory and diffusion of innovation.
Give examples of workplace characteristics when developing and intervention
Identification of leaders or influencers, identification of friends within the group and presence of social norms concerning health related to behaviour are some of the characteristics in the work set up.
Name the similarities of workplace and school settings
Similarities between workplace and school setting include the access to target populace and the synergy between business goals and health objectives.
Name the five assessments of school settings and be able to provide examples of each
Educational and ecological assessment-social norms like teen pregnancy
Administrative assessment – availability of teachers
Behavioral and environmental assessment-school diet and presence of lead based paint.
Social assessment-availability of recreational space in the school
Epidemiological assessment –health issues in the school like clean drinking water.
Issues (awareness, attitudes and skill building) that can be addressed in the school environment
Resources for teachers and youth, confidence building exercises, skills to counter risks and personal risks are some of the issues that can be addressed in the school environment.
Be able to use theory and planning to develop a school-based intervention
Using school based interventions to help the students in the classroom and during interactions out of the classroom.
Work cited
Power point presentation Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Study Guide Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Study Guide Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Study Guide Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Welfare to Work and Social Policy: Comparative Study of Various Nations' Approaches

The social policy varies differently by the needs of individual nations and can include assistance to youth unemployment in an attempt to provide temporary aid until an individual is able to sustain a regular income through work incentives. One of the main theories regarding welfare to work programs is that working parents contribute to the economy and are less likely to rely solely on the state for their welfare (Walling, 2005). With this concept being one of the primary motivators for welfare to work policies, different nations adopt a policy to provide an allotment of skills training, aid with transportation issues, financial support, and even child care as an incentive to drive the welfare recipient back into full-time work. T...
9 Pages(2250 words)Report

Quality Systems in the Public Sector: A Study of Quality Initiatives in the NHS, Scotland

The disintegration of some service provisions covered by the public sector is the cause of concern. In some cases where services, earlier provided by public sector organizations, were privatized led to the dramatic change in the quality and cost of service. This makes a study of concepts of quality management in the context of the public sector necessary to understand the reasons behind the ‘market failure’ of public sector service providers.

The problems that assail these services are inherent in any government enterprise such as lack of coordination, slow decision making, inflexibility, lack of incentive to perform and so on. Consider the following observation of Joseph Stiglitz (1998).

55 Pages(13750 words)Dissertation

Country Study: Mali

The territory of Mali has had a great history. We have been centers of the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire, and the Songhai Empire for about six centuries. Thereafter, during the 17th and 18th centuries, several small states developed along the Niger basin, but they fell during the holy war waged by Muslim leader Al-Hajj Umar, whose kingdom extended from Timbuktu to headwaters of Niger and Senegal. His successor, Ahmadu was defeated by the French in 1860. ( /mali.html)

As is well-known, we have had a turbulent past. We were a French colony for 80 years until we achieved independence. Now we are a multi-party democracy with Presidential form of Government. While the executive power rests with the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Guide to Managing Innovation

It is a universal fact that engineering design must be cautiously planned and meticulously executed; if the design is being aimed to overcome a shortcoming or adding a new feature to the existing product, then the design process gets classified as an innovation. So, under certain conditions, engineering design and innovation are inter-related. In other words, innovation is a key process in a product’s development. I have always been intrigued by innovations, primarily because an innovation challenges conventional thinking, it goes beyond technology. Above all it is imperative for organizations, it is linked to survival and at times it is mentioned as the only sustainable strategy for growth. Hence, I preferred to choose the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

A Comparative Study of the Origins of Ethical Thoughts

Do you know what they dug out? -- Wires! It proves that two thousand five hundred years ago, in the age of Pericles, the Greeks had telephones”. The Jew laughingly retorted: “Recently they were digging in Jerusalem. They dug out nothing. This proves that three thousand years ago when Solomon was the king of Judea, the Jews had the principle of wireless!”

ETHICS AND DIVERSE DEFENITIONS: One of the Dilemmas of the civilized human society was the fight between the soul and the flesh or rather the body and desires. The question is how to divert human energy in an intelligent, controlled way? Searching answers to this question one lands in the premise of ethics, personal as well as social. Ethics (English)...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

The Study of the European Consumer

The focus will be on Europe and the consumer.
This paper will rely mostly on secondary sources for data collection purposes as well as to make a comment and discussion on the issue. The research journals will be surveyed to provide a clear and concise discussion whereas the results will be obtained from the secondary sources published mostly on the internet. For this purpose, the use of databases such as Euromonitor as well as newspapers and magazines’ websites will be surveyed in order to obtain the desired information for analysis purposes. It is also critical to note that some of the trends to be obtained will be analyzed in the larger context of Europe and its linkages with other international markets.

6 Pages(1500 words)Research Proposal

Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study

...Opinion paper The Declaration of Helsinki by the WHO clearly s that in clinical trials involving humans the wellbeing of the should be of prime importance than the interest of science or society. This has been stated because at times in order to achieve the objectives of a study the investigators might overlook the welfare of the trial subjects thus jeopardizing their health in the process. According to ethical rules while comparing two treatment options the control group of the study must receive the best known treatment available while the study subjects are given a potential newer treatment. Only when there is no effective treatment available a placebo-controlled group can be used for the study. There have been several trials which have...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Blackstones Guide to the Land Registration Act 2002

Additionally, whilst M bought the property unaware of the other interests, he may still be bound by some of them.
With regard to Adam’s option to purchase the property, it is evident that Adam entered into a written contract enforceable by Adam’s consideration of £1,000 paid for the 10-year option. As such, options are usually minor interests and therefore protected as a notice on the register under section 32 of the LRA. However, it doesn’t appear that the option was registered. Nevertheless, M could still be bound by Adam’s right as an overriding interest3. For example, Schedule 3, paragraph 2 of the LRA protects the overriding interests of those with rights to the property that are in actual o...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

The Study of Byzantine Movement

The term Byzantine art is usually referred to as the artistic products of the Eastern Roman Empire. Some regard it as the direct continuation of Greco-Roman art, especially the developing and flourishing of Roman art. During the thirteenth century, while the art and aesthetic ideas of antiquity were developing in the Roman culture, thought and writing was manifested in Greek rather than Latin. “From such perspective, Byzantine art emerges as western art and will be seen as its most effective in its continuation and adaptations of classicism” (Cormack, 2000 p. vi). The Byzantine artists claim to have followed the antiquity and they illustrated holy figures along with the images of the emperors of that time. Furthermore,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Article

The Epistemological Assumptions Schommer-Aikins and Hutters Study

The authors, however, have made several philosophical assumptions even before the actual study began. These assumptions have bearing on the entire research because they guided the studies thesis, the method of investigation and the way the researchers interpreted the collected data.
Referring to previous works, Schommer-Aikins and Hutter embarked on several bouts of theorizing regarding the nature of knowledge and how people learn about issues that they face every day. Citing the body of literature, for example, on epistemological beliefs, the authors assumed that "individuals’ beliefs about the nature of knowledge and learning are linked to their comprehension, metal comprehension, interpretation of information, and pe...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Study Guide for FREE!

Contact Us