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Special Education for Teenagers with Downs Syndrome - Essay Example

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In the essay “Special Education for Teenagers with Down’s Syndrome” the author analyzes a disease that is characterized by a distortion of genetic material, through chromosomal abnormalities. Individuals suffering from such diseases often find it difficult to cope in society…
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Special Education for Teenagers with Downs Syndrome
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Download file to see previous pages It can be well applied in the context of the Down’s Syndrome, which on the surface would appear to be an internal condition that is caused by chromosomal abnormalities; however the manner in which an individual adapts to it would be conditioned to a large extent by the kind of external environment that the individual is exposed to, as also shown in the case study below.
 Down’s Syndrome is a condition caused by a distortion of genetic material, such that the individual has an extra copy of one chromosome, in most cases chromosome 21 and this condition is known as trisomy. The additional genetic material which is present produces an imbalance in the body and results in some characteristic physical and intellectual features, such a (www.bbc.co.uk). The disorder affects one in every 1000 babies in the UK, which is about 750 babies per year.
 There are three different versions of the disease (a) regular trisomy 21, which afflicts about 94% of people (b) translocation, where the extra chromosome 21 material is attached to another chromosome rather than 21, and this accounts for about 4% of the cases and lastly (c) mosaic, wherein some of the cells have the extra chromosome 21 which affects about 2% of people and produces milder features (www.bbc.co.uk). People suffering from this disease can be easily distinguished because they have facial features that are different from normal people because they are flat and their eyes slant upwards. They have poor muscle tone and most of those affected by the disease have heart defects.
 Bronfenbrenner argues that in understanding human development including the feelings and behavior of individuals, the context within which the individual functions must be considered. Individuals react with their surrounding environment in a process of mutual influence and interaction. ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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