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Major Depressive Disorder - Essay Example

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This essay "Major Depressive Disorder" investigates that depression (Major Depressive Disorder-MDD) is a high-impact disease, with a multi-factorial etiology, that causes severe debilitation of the individual, depriving him of a normal every day living…
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Major Depressive Disorder
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Download file to see previous pages  These symptoms have to be present concurrently for at least two weeks and interfere with the patient’s everyday activities (American Psychiatric Association ed. 2000). According to the World Health Organization, the number of people suffering from depression is 121 million, resulting in 850.000 suicide deaths every year (WHO 2010). Various factors, have been implicated in the etiology of the disorder, such as genetic factors (Plotsky et al. 1998, Anacker et al. 2010, Janssen et al. 2010), biological factors(Seitz et al. 2010, Weinberger et al. 2010, Kirsh 2010) and social factors (Brendgen et al. 2005, Costello et al. 2008, Wright et al 2010). The need for an individualized approach to the assessment and more importantly, to the treatment plan and follow-up of each patient, becomes evident. The main goal of this essay is to review the case study of a client with the major depressive disorder, addressing all the pertinent issues, such as patient’s history, assessment procedures, diagnostic formulation and therapeutic options. Mary is a 53-year-old housewife and a mother of three sons, their ages being 35, 34 and 28 years, which are all living independently and two of them moved abroad a few years before. Nine months ago she lost her husband, who died of cancer rather unexpectedly. Her husband was diagnosed with the widespread metastatic disease after their summer vacation, and he had visited his doctor to complain of an “innocent low back pain”. Mary was present at the doctor’s office the day they were given the bad news. Her husband deteriorated rapidly afterward and lived only for five months, suffering a tragic end. Through the course of her husband’s disease, Mary was his main assistant. She would drive him for his chemotherapies, make all the necessary arrangements with his physician, cook in a “sterile” manner, give him his painkiller injections, and even bathe him in the end, when he was bedridden. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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