Free

The Righ to Die - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The issue of euthanasia is one of the most controversial today. There are proponents of its legalization, as well as opponents. To build our own image of the problem, we have to try to understand both points of view.
The proponents of euthanasia apply to the feelings of the public…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.7% of users find it useful
The Righ to Die
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Righ to Die"

The Right to Die. Controversy. The issue of euthanasia is one of the most controversial today. There are proponents of its legalization, as well as opponents. To build our own image of the problem, we have to try to understand both points of view.
The proponents of euthanasia apply to the feelings of the public. Members of "The Death with Dignity National Center" Oregon's law permitting doctors to assist suicide ensure that terminally ill patients remain in control of their dying process. People in extreme situations for whom recovery is no longer possible use the law as a last resort. Physician-hastened dying happens in every state, every day. Laws will not prevent terminally ill patients from seeking an end to their suffering, nor will they prevent some doctors from quietly helping. Laws can only be used to protect patients and physicians by regulating the practice - ensuring no abuse occurs. With all the technology and treatment options in healthcare today, it is often only the suffering and death that is prolonged - not a superior quality of life. In addition, pain is only one element in this complex problem. For many terminally ill people, it is the loss of dignity and autonomy - the suffering beyond pain - that becomes intolerable. (The Death With Dignity National Center site).
However, the opponents of euthanasia also advance their arguments, contrasting their reasonable explanations with the appeal to senses and feelings made by proponents of the legally assisted suicide. The main point is that the 'justification' of voluntary euthanasia involves rejection of a tenet fundamental to a just framework of laws in society because law assumes that all human beings are entitled to be treated justly. To legalize assistance in suicide is also inconsistent with the same fundamental tenet of a just legal system. The fact that suicide is decriminalized doesn't imply that the law takes a neutral view of the choice to carry out suicide, hence the law must also refuse to justify the behavior of those who help it. If voluntary euthanasia is legalized then the most compelling reason for opposing the legalization of non-voluntary euthanasia has been abandoned. In fact the most active advocates of the legalization of voluntary euthanasia are also advocates of the legalization of non-voluntary euthanasia. They promote the view that many human beings lack the 'moral standing', so they cannot be wronged even if the motive for killing them is merely the convenience of those human beings who do have 'moral standing' (Gormally).
Not only legal, but the moral permissibility of voluntary euthanasia should be mentioned, and here, frankly speaking, not only the arguments of euthanasia legalization adherents have their flaws - their opponents sometimes seem to misrepresent facts. We may believe that we are getting better at providing effective palliative care and that hospice care is available nowadays. However, this is not a complete true. First, there is no panacea. Second, hospice care is available only to a small proportion of the terminally ill and then usually only in the very last stages of the illness. Third, not everyone wishes to avail themselves of either palliative care or hospice care. Fourth, what is intolerable for them is their dependence on others or on machinery and not pain.
According to the traditional 'doctrine of double effect' it is permissible to act in ways which it is foreseen will have bad consequences provided only that the bad consequences must not be so serious as to outweigh the good effect. If the death of a person who wishes to die is not harmful (because from that person's standpoint it is, in fact, beneficial), the doctrine of double effect won't be relevant.
Passive euthanasia, where life-sustaining or life-prolonging measures are withdrawn or withheld, is morally acceptable, whereas active euthanasia is not, because it requires an act of killing. The distinction, despite its widespread popularity, is very unclear. Any act can be regarded either as an act of passive or active euthanasia (Young).
The advocates of euthanasia, in their turn, give evidence that many people in Oregon are having conversations about this issue with their doctors while still in good health. Doctors cannot qualify for the law's "safe harbor" provisions if they do not report use of the law to the Oregon Department of Human Services. A doctor that does not report to DHS would be subject to reprimand (The Death With Dignity National Center site).
The arguments against are heard again: legalization of voluntary euthanasia would also encourage the practice of non-voluntary euthanasia without benefit of legalization. Those who begin by saying they wish to confine the practice of euthanasia to voluntary euthanasia come to think that, no good reason remains for disallowing non-voluntary euthanasia. Euthanasia undermines the dispositions we require in doctors and is therefore destructive of the practice of medicine. Doctors will not inspire trust unless patients are confident that doctors are for no reasons disposed to kill them. The legalization of euthanasia undermines the impetus to develop truly compassionate approaches to the care of the suffering and the dying. One of the dangers of legalization is that euthanasia would be seen as a convenient 'solution' to the heavy demands on care (Gormally).
Still, there are some other unclear questions left. Among those who are against euthanasia there is a belief that passive euthanasia, where life-sustaining or life-prolonging measures are withdrawn or withheld, is morally acceptable, whereas active euthanasia is not, because it requires an act of killing. The distinction, despite its widespread popularity, is very unclear. Any act can be regarded either as an act of passive or active euthanasia. Another common opinion is that if society allows voluntary euthanasia to be legally permitted, it could lead us inevitably to support other forms of euthanasia, especially non-voluntary euthanasia. We have to hope only and share the optimism of those who believe sincerely that there is nothing logically inconsistent in supporting voluntary euthanasia but rejecting non-voluntary euthanasia as morally inappropriate (Young).
Bibliography
1. Gormally, Luke, Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide: Seven Reasons Why They Should Not Be Legalized 2. The Death with Dignity National Center, Fact and Fiction 3. Young, Robert, Voluntary Euthanasia, . Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The Righ to Die Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
The Righ to Die Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1529127-the-righ-to-die
(The Righ to Die Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
The Righ to Die Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1529127-the-righ-to-die.
“The Righ to Die Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1529127-the-righ-to-die.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Righ to Die

Right to Die

...14 June Right to Die Concept Medical technology has advanced tremendously, enabling medical professionals to prolong life using life sustaining treatments for greater lengths of time (Capone 764). It is now possible to keep a person alive by the use of life support machines with certain death if the machines are removed. At this state, many people are choosing death and would not want their bodies undignified by the use of these machines. Some people are against the legalization of choice to die even if medical technology can prolong life. The opponents of the right to die include governments, Christian churches and organizations, who argue that no one has the right to decide when to...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Film: Die Hard

...? Die Hard, released in 1988, is an action film starring Bruce Willis as John McClane, a New York police officer visiting his estranged wife, Holly (Bonnie Bedelia), in Los Angeles for the holidays. After a tension-filled flight to New York, McClane joins Holly at an employee party on Christmas Eve in the high-tech office building where she works, Nakatomi Plaza, and meets her boss, Mr. Takagi (James Shigeta), and cocaine-addicted coworker, Harry Ellis (Hart Bochner). Though they are initially pleased to see one another, the couple quickly gets into an argument about Holly’s use of her maiden name at work. Their reunion is interrupted, however, when a group of European terrorists, led by German mastermind Hans Gruber (Alan Rickman...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Right-to-die

...The Right to Die There are various reasons and arguments with regards to the way individuals ought to conduct their lives. The one particular issue which is of significant concern is the perception which people have with regards to death. One of the most disputable issues is of the essence in this case; it lies within the question of what to do with the right to die. This is the way in which people see their lives being terminated. In this case, one of the ideas implies the ownership of people as to their lives even when death comes into perspective in this case (Smith, n.p.). Some of the ways through which this can be achieved is by assisted suicide. This is the main focus of this research. This entire...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Euthanasia/Right to Die

...concerning euthanasia. However, any form of regulation sanctioning euthanasia must be tight-proof to avert the risk of undermining patients’ lives through euthanasia; for instance, the laws must provide a legal framework that states clearly under what circumstances do patients qualify as need-to-die candidates, and how they can be helped to do so. In this regard, nurses and medical practitioner will still be able to promote health by ensuring requests for euthanasia are not only voluntary but also well-thought through, and repeated by the terminally ill patients. Such legislation must also limit euthanasia to the medical field and only in the cases of terminal illnesses where patients after thorough deliberations request...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Doing the Righ Thing

...As a child grows, that child's ability to process new information and make personal situational decisions increases. Whereas an infant cannot process that if his or her heel kicks a family pet that the pet will feel pain, the same child as a toddler, a year later, may think twice about doing something that has been labeled "no-no," yet still look around the room to see if an adult is surveying the scene to witness the misdemeanor. The emergence of moral reasoning in a child's development was extensively analyzed by Lawrence Kohlberg. Through responses to moral dilemmas, he was able to characterize stages of moral development, as we explore in this paper through an interview with a ten-year-old boy. Before Kohlberg, according... a child...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Generals Die in Bed

... for freedom where ever there's trouble. GI Joe is there. He never gives up. He'll stay til the fight's won. GI Joe will dare. GI Joe - A real American hero." (Kinder ) When picturing the outcome of the winning side of war - doesn't the picture include that of a soldier being greeted by his loving family at the airport; train station or dock - whole, happy and intact - a conqueror Reading the book, Generals Die in Bed - puts a bitter end to all those illusions. Illusions created by those who benefit from recruiting the best of the citizens to contain or put down a disagreement with another society that will not be worked out in peace. The book holds back nothing in it's descriptions of the filth, cold, starvation, sleep privation... in a...
6 Pages(1500 words)Book Report/Review

Killing vs. Letting Die

...Killing Verses Letting Die Killing medically to get rid of the pain and suffering a patient is undergoing and who is definitely about to die is called Euthanasia. Euthanasia laws are different for different countries. In Britain, Euthanasia is seen as an act which is recorded as the deliberate intervention of the medical practitioner with an intention of reliving the life of the suffering and in Netherlands the practice of euthanasia is viewed as the termination of life of a patient upon the plea of the doctor. This essay however shall try to explain the conflict arising out of the debates prevailing across the globe pertaining to the sanctity of the process. Death is inevitable and every man is mortal....
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Did Jesus Really Die

... Did Jesus Really Die? The given reading tries to answer the question whether Jesus really died. In order to answer the question it is necessary to clarify the following aspects: how to explain the empty tomb, if a resurrection of a body with the Laws of Creation, what the followers who wrote the New Testament saw. The author admits that Jesus was severely tortured and it was not possible to stay alive after such tortures. Thus, we should base our conclusion on the fact that Jesus really died on the cross even if the evidences of his probable survival appear regularly. The death of Jesus should not be considered as false after which he could resurrect. “That Jesus really died on the cross needs to be established for...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Ready to Die

...Preparing for Death Death is the most feared thing I have ever come across. In this life, there is nobody who wants to die including religious people who believe that there is a better place in heaven that one can live after death. The fact about death is that, it is the only destination that we all have in common. From the history, none has ever escaped death and hence we can as well conclude that we will have a taste of it. People in the society deny the existence of death, but the fact is that the death is inevitable; people should face reality and prepare for it. Due to lack of preparation, many people have died unprepared spiritually, emotionally, and practically. I believe it is crucial for the living to use part of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Right to die

...Right to Die Rachel’s Use of Golden Rule in Deciding Euthanasia Issue Rachel’s use of golden rule entails discussions on the morality of Euthanasia. Rachel argues that the golden rule suggests that do unto others, as you would have them do unto you. The golden rule is among the oldest and most familiar moral maxims in discussing the concept of Euthanasia. However, Rachel’s argues the golden rule is not a perfect maxim considering that sexual perverts associated with fantasies of rape and treating others, as they would love to be treated compromise the golden rule. The results connected with the golden rule might not be fully satisfactory, but the idea behind the golden rule is a good one according to Rachel’s argument....
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Righ to Die for FREE!

Contact Us