The rights which are innate to all human beings are normally labeled as human rights. Such rights are normally referred as natural rights. Natural rights may not change with respect to the gender, race, religion or culture…
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For example, the right to live, right to have shelter, right to have food etc are natural rights and all the humans have these natural rights irrespective of their country of origin or community in which they belong. “Human rights are inalienable. They should not be taken away, except in specific situations and according to due process” (What are human rights?, 2011) Some natural rights are controversial ones because of the various dimensions attached with it. For example, the right to die is a controversial topic in the current world. It is difficult to argue in favor or against this right because of the serious ethical, moral, social and cultural dimensions involved in it. Since man is a social animal, he is associated with so many other individuals and his decision to accept death may affect some people who are alive. This paper analyses the right to die from various perspectives. Problem statement The public policy right to die involves various problems of different dimensions. Some of these problems are neutral whereas others affect both the person who decides to die and his relatives and friends. One neutral problem involved in this policy is with respect principle of autonomy. Principle of autonomy with respect to the right to die states that “competent peoples have the right to determine their own course of medical action in accordance with a plan they choose. We have a duty to respect the wishes and desires expressed by a competent decision maker” (Moreland, 1992). Another problem associated with the public policy right to die is with respect to the principle of beneficence. This principle states that “One should act to further the welfare and benefits of another and to prevent evil or harm to that person. Beneficence requires me to do something for someone” (Moreland, 1992). Background Christians believe that life is a gift from God and God does not send us any experience we cannot handle. Islam states in the Quran, Take not life which Allah made sacred otherwise than in the course of justice. And Since we did not create ourselves, we do not own our bodies. Orthodox Judaism states that This is an issue of critical constitutional and moral significance which Jewish tradition clearly speaks to. We believe that the recognition of a constitutionally recognized right to die for the terminally ill is a clear statement against the recognition and sanctity of human life (Physician Assisted Suicide and The Art of Care, n. d) “In the United States, physician-assisted suicide is legal only in Oregon. The Oregon Death With Dignity Act was passed in November 1994 by a margin of 51% to 49%”(Facts and Statistics on Euthanasia, 2010). The topic; mercy killing, physician assisted suicide or euthanasia is a highly controversial one in the current world. People who are in no hope condition always like to terminate their life in order to escape from pain and also to avoid causing problems to others. However, their decision to terminate life may affect others in many ways. For example, a person who decides to terminate his life may have wife, children, parents, other relatives and friends. His decision to accept death may affect these people in one way or other. In other words, even if the right to die is a personal issue, it can cause problems to others. At the same time, if the person decides to sustain his life, then also others may face problems. The expenditure needed to sustain his life would be more and the relatives may face financial problems as a result of that. Many people believe that nobody has the right to die. They cite moral reasons for substantiating their arguments. For them, only the creator has the right to sustain, terminate or modify a life in this universe. Stakeholders and Factors
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