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Health Promotion: Public Health and Health Services - Essay Example

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An essay "Health Promotion: Public Health and Health Services" claims that societies are now facing new challenges as the role of governments have changed. Welfare and healthcare are experiencing conflicts and crisis despite investments in the GNP…
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Health Promotion: Public Health and Health Services
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Download file to see previous pages Health promotion is based on the idea that the basic prerequisites must have a secure foundation in order to improve health. Quality of life is an important dimension of health promotion (Hawe, 25, 1990). Social and personal development can be favorable for health. Equity in health must be achieved in order to reduce the differences in health status. Each member of the world must have access to equal health opportunities and resources. Men and women must be empowered to have the opportunities and life skills needed for a healthy lifestyle (Muir, 35, 1997). Governments, private organizations, communities, and individuals must contribute to health promotion. It cannot be achieved by one individual or community. Health promotion can only be pursued if people from all walks of life are involved with it. It has to be adapted to the unique social, cultural and economic systems of various cultures. Policymakers belonging to all sectors and levels must be aware of the health consequences of their decisions. They must accept their responsibilities for health. Health promotion policies consist of diverse approaches which need to be applied and implemented by laws, taxes, structural changes, and fiscal measures. It has to be coordinated by various government and private organizations that lead to healthier goods and services (NIPH, 55, 1996). Every society in the world is unique and diverse. Promoting health in different societies is linked to people and the environment. Nations must be required to take care of each other and the environment. Protecting the natural resources of the world is the collective responsibility of every nation. Changes in lifestyle and work have a direct impact on health. There is a need for living and working conditions which are safe and healthy (Potvin, 65, 2001). Local communities can play a leading role in promoting health by setting their goals, decisions, and strategies to achieve a healthy lifestyle. They can play a proactive role by drawing on existing resources to enhance social support and direction of health matters. Health promotion supports the development of personal skills which help the individual in making better health choices. Information and education on health are vital for the development of personal skills (Sackett, 75, 1996). This helps people in making better decisions for their health and environment. It enables people to prepare for illnesses and injuries.  Health services must be reoriented by ensuring that all segments of society are actively involved in the provision of clinical services, a pursuit of health, support the needs of the individual and community and respects cultural needs. It also focuses on providing training to health professionals to meet the health needs of individuals (Suchman, 65, 1996). There is a considerable body of literature regarding health promotion models. They are defined as assessing health requirements and collecting information about an intervention that brings about the desired effect. Health promotion models use data from information, target audience and needs of professionals to assess the health requirements. The evidence for interventions is assessed from available literature and cultural settings. Financial and human resources are identified to achieve health change. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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