StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Pharmaceutics - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Medicines Act 1968 governs manufacture and dispensing of medicines. There are certain drugs that are to be sold by pharmacists only with a prescription. Pharmacy medicines may be sold without prescription. Further modification of the act in 2005 states that as a responsible pharmacists, they should not sell homeopathy or other natural medicines since pharmacists are not just sellers; they are healthcare professionals (Royal Pharmaceutical Society Of Great Britain 2009)…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.7% of users find it useful
Pharmaceutics
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Pharmaceutics"

Download file to see previous pages From this angle homoeopathic medications are unlicensed, and thus pharmacists are not supposed to dispense them (Royal Pharmaceutical Society Of Great Britain 2007b).
The first principle states that the matter of first priority should be care of the patient. In their daily work, the pharmacists need to apply this principle. This means the action and behaviour of the pharmacist will place the interest of the patient in the centre. If there is a legal or ethical dilemma, it is the duty of the pharmacist to evaluate all options, risks, and benefits and decide the best option which cares the patient most. Although in the UK homeopathic medicines are sold, these are unlicensed, and this is a violation of legislation (Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain 2007a).
The pharmacist is required to exercise his professional judgment in the interest of the patient and the population in general. Homeopathy medications have no evidence base, and according to modern scientific medicine, it is uncertain whether they actually play any role in revering the pathophysiological process underlying the patient's ailments (Royal Pharmaceutical Society Of Great Britain 2009). ...
In some cases, taking these medications may compromise the safety, and other colleagues may be in favour of selling these for sales pressure (Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain 2007a).
Principle 3:
The pharmacist must show respect to others in the context of diversity, cultural differences, values, and belief of others including the patient. This creates a specific and relevant ethical dilemma since marketing authorisation does not allow him to sale the product, whereas, the patient's personal beliefs suggest him to continue with the homeopathic medication (Royal Pharmaceutical Society Of Great Britain 2009). In such cases, polite and considerate discussion with the patient may produce results. Many such patients may also be very vulnerable. The best strategy would be to take the patient's consent, explain the situation, help him/her to seek appropriate and prescribed medical care to get appropriately treated, and while doing so the pharmacist's personal belief system should not interfere (Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain 2007a).
Principle 4:
The patient must be encouraged to participate in the decision about their care. If a patient comes with a request for a particular homeopathic medication, the patient must be engaged in a discussion about his/her disease conditions and problems. Information gained in such way may provide significant insight regarding the current condition and the need for required treatment and medication (Royal Pharmaceutical Society Of Great Britain 2009). In many cases, the patients may be motivated to change their decisions when they sense that the pharmacist is their partner in care. This could again open the avenue for discussion about the available ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Pharmaceutics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words”, n.d.)
Pharmaceutics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1527061-pharmaceutics
(Pharmaceutics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words)
Pharmaceutics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1527061-pharmaceutics.
“Pharmaceutics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1527061-pharmaceutics.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Pharmaceutics

Freeze-Drying Commenrial mannitol to use as Cartrier to Enhance Pulmonary Budesonide Via DPI

... efficiency is poor, even with the use of advanced designs in dry powder inhaler devices. This lack of drug delivery efficiency is caused by difficulties in powder dispersion leading to poor lung deposition and high dose variability (Daniher and Zhu, 2008). Lactose which is used as inert excipient in dry powder inhalers (DPI), is considered a less suitable excipient for the next generation of inhalable products such as proteins and peptides, due to its incompatibility with drugs distinguished by primary amine moieties. Consequently, “using alternative excipients appears to be an attractive option for DPI formulations” (Kaialy and Nokhodchi, 2012, p.3). Therefore, in the pharmaceutical industry, there is growing interest in replacing lactose...
12 Pages (3000 words) Literature review

Critical opinion about article

... of niosomes, which can be transported further and stored longer, increasing their usefulness [6]. Niosomal Encapsulation and Hydrogen Bonding In their 2011 study, Hao and Li examined the efficacy of niosomal entrapment in solution, specifically on the rate of encapsulation when the niosomes were included in a solution that also contained the desired chemical for entrapment [7]. Niosomal encapsulation is achieved by coating a water-soluble pharmaceutical chemical with a lipid membrane, and this lipid coating will slow the release of the encased pharmaceutical chemical into the surrounding environment. This is usually made use of in such situations as a time-released or delayed-release medication [5]. Additionally, the use of a niosomal...
4 Pages (1000 words) Literature review

Pharmaceutics and Formulation

...Journal of Controlled release , 21, 839-840. 2. Catarina, M. A., Antanio,J.R., Francisco,V and Adriano,S. (2006). Insulin release from alginate microsphres reiforced with Detran sulfate. CI and CEQ , 12 (1), 40-46. 3. Gibbs, B. K., Kermasha,S., Alle,I and Mulligan, C.N. (1999). Encapsulation in the food industry. International journal of food sciences and nutrition , 50 (3), 213-224. 4. Junginger, H. (1991). Mucoadhesive hydrogels. Phram Ind , 53 (11), 1056-1065. 5. Lemoine, D. W., Wauters,S., Bouched'homme and Preat, V. (1998). Preparation and characterization of alginate microspheres containing a model antigen. International journal of pharmaceutics , 176, 9-19. 6. Lim, F. A. and Sun, A. M. (n.d). Microencapsulated islets as...
8 Pages (2000 words) Literature review

History of Informatics and Areas of Practice - Entity Ranking

...riptions for members of various nursing professional journals such as The American Journal of Nursing. Requirements for certification include a nursing degree from an accredited university and hold a RN license, along with two years’ experience. Part of that experience must be in the informatics field, as much as 2,000 hours, although informatics education can be substituted (ANCC, 2012). The organization devoted exclusively to the advancement of nursing informatics achieves my vote for the third place. Specific Areas of Informatics There are several categories of informatics certification in the medical field: in nursing, laboratory work, radiology, pharmaceutics, and the work of physicians. However, there are several others not...
5 Pages (1250 words) Term Paper

Chemistry of Life: Admission for Pharmacy Program

... and gain practical experience than to work in the pharmacy industry I was fortunate to be given a nine-month internship as a chemistry technician by Farmacia Roval de Manipulacao (Roval Pharmacy Manipulation), followed by two years of working for the company. In my white coat, I learned about the safe use of medication, actually making capsules, solutions, eye drops, even cosmetics. I understood better what had happened with my little sister. I then worked at Gradar Produtos Farmaceuticos (Gradar Pharmaceutics Products) for 16 months. These experiences gave me practical skills and knowledge, keeping me focused on my ambition. At that time, this seemed out of reach. I wanted to achieve the academic qualifications...
2 Pages (500 words) Admission/Application Essay

The Advantages and Disadvantages on the Chinese Market

...Introduction Since China initiated its 'open door' policy at the end of the 1970s, numerous overseas pharmaceutical companies have entered the economy of this populous country. This report analyses current pharmaceutical industry trends in China from the perspective of the foreign investor. The main question answered by the report is: "Whether we should invest into Chinese production facilities or" Additionally it analyses the situation on the Chinese market and gives recommendations concerning the operation on it. At first, the economic situation is discussed both for the whole China and for its pharmaceutical industry. Then the advantages and disadvantages of entering the Chinese market are described and analysed. Finally the comparison...
9 Pages (2250 words) Term Paper

Applications of Raman spectroscopy in drug design/development/formulation/manufacture chain

...). There are two main types of Ramon spectrometer namely the dispersive and the Fourier Transform (FT) types (Henson & Lowry, 2006). The best one to use depends upon what samples need to be analyzed. Raman spectroscopy is being used in numerous fields including the pharmaceutical, the carbon and diamond industry, material science, gemology, geology and mineralogy and in forensic science (http://www.renishaw.com/en/raman-spectroscopy-applications--6259 accessed at 13:45 on 28/4/2010). It is so widely used that it even has a journal called the ‘Journal of Raman spectroscopy dedicated to articles relating to the use of this technique (http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/3420/home accessed at 7:02 on 28/4/2010). In this essay, the focus...
4 Pages (1000 words) Essay

Little Women by Louisa May Alcott

... associated with the treatment, as is the case in certain chemotherapy of cancer, or if it costs too much, the industry of pharmaceutics should look into other possible ways for treatment. References Alcott, Louisa May. “Hospital Sketches”. Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1863. “Louisa May Alcott” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition October 1, 2011. Academic Search Premier. EBSCOhost. Career Education Corporation. November 8, 2011 .... Women by Louisa May Alcott Louisa May Alcott is a world-renowned writer, especially known for her novel, Little Women. However, little do most of us know about her stint as a nurse during the Civil War (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 2011). Her contributions to pharmacy are partly, if not totally, an o...
1 Pages (250 words) Book Report/Review

Pharamacology

...er important factor that will play a critical role in the design of a tablet formulation for a new non sedating antihistamine drug. This is because the degree to which the ability of the patients to follow the prescription will impact on the overall effectiveness of the drug. In this regard, the design of the tablet formulation should ensure that medication adherence does not have a serious effect on the effectiveness of the new drug tablets. This is critically important in developing sufficient potency of the drug. Pharmaceutics The pharmaceutics of the new non sedating antihistamine drug generally refers to the relationship between the drug and its route of administration as well as hot it enters the systemic circulation. The...
5 Pages (1250 words) Assignment

A Chance to Study Doctor in Pharmacy Degree

... pursuing a Bachelor in Biochemistry at Middle Tennessee State University. It has given me a strong grounding of medicinal chemistry and pharmaceuticals, pharmacy, pharmaceutics practice and pharmacology. My areas of interest include cell and molecular biology, medicines design, disease pathology, pharmacology and systematic physiology. Studying Biochemistry, I have learned that my strength lies in the field of pharmacy and pursuing a Doctor of Pharmacy degree will help fulfill my goals in the future. My educational background has assisted much in shaping my career goals and interests. I have worked as a CVS for two years as a Pharmacy Technician. While working in this position, I was responsible, diligent, paid attention to details...
1 Pages (250 words) Personal Statement

Justifying Increased Regulation in Large Companies - Imposing a Strict Regulation on Pharmaceutical Industry

 PPRS continuously provides a stable framework to ensure the publics’ access to affordable new medicines. (Department of Health, 2007) In line with this goal, GSK acknowledges that improvements can be made to the existing pricing scheme.

As a major consumer product, this study will discuss the importance of having a price regulation within the pharmaceutical industry. Several factors that could affect the competition in the branded pharmaceutical market will be elaborate to give us a good insight with regards to the pricing of medicines. In line with the importance of having imposed a price regulated on medicines, the author will discuss the negative effects of not regulating the generic medicines as well as...
11 Pages (2750 words) Case Study

Potential Benefits of International Trade

Conditions set for international trade have also changed in various nations. Today, interdependent is evident due to various global distributions. Examples are; transportation systems, the internet as well as satellite communication systems.
The establishment of WTO (World Trade Organisation) promoting equity in nations’ status, the international monetary Fund (IMF) besides the World Bank, has made stronger the anchorage of international trade. These organisations aid in reducing the trade barriers across boundaries. Nelson (2000). This is a study set out to make a comprehensive and vivid answer to the question, “Which are the benefits of international trade and why are trade restrictions imposed by countries?&rdq...
6 Pages (1500 words) Coursework

Decision Making in Health and Social Care

... and benefits figures taken from a variety of sources, there is less likely to be a reasonably fair representation of CE outcomes. Therefore randomized data obtained from random samples are better. Next the source of the data matters. In contingency model building, researchers have a tendency not to discriminate between sources of information thus those analysts who fail to take into consideration the additional costs associated with revisits, readmissions and so on are likely to provide the CE analysis with wrong information. Finally the source of funding matters because there can be bias. For example researchers who work for pharmaceuticals companies would naturally be tempted to show more benefits against costs in using the drugs...
8 Pages (2000 words) Case Study

Alternative Methods of Accounting

.... In the pharmaceutical industry for example it cost nearly $800 million to develop a new drug and only a portion of those drugs succeed in the marketplace. It would be unwise and improper to categorize R&D as an investment since so many of these types of disbursements end up being sunk costs. Currently the accounting disciple recognizes the value of innovation in the long run through a mechanism called goodwill. Goodwill is only quantified when a company is sold. Another similar proposal the author mentioned which made sense was giving value to intangibles. Intangibles that should be recorded as investment include training and development expenses, advertising of new products, and signing bonuses to recruit new talent (Steward, 2002, p.17...
8 Pages (2000 words) Article

Validating Late Mover Advantages in e-commerce: Evidence from Selected Companies

...” (Hays & Sadeddin, 2006). Their strategy is based on their learning from the existing business models and developing better and improved versions of new system that could actually help them in achieving higher competitive advantage and business value. The proposed research will focus on validating the advantages of late movers in e-commerce. The proposed research will attempt to gather useful evidence from two companies including: Barnes and Noble that is a publicly listed company operating as a late mover in online books distribution market and Walgreens that is one of the largest pharmaceutical companies that made an entry into e-commerce as a late mover in the industry. Objective The objective of the proposed research is investigate...
12 Pages (3000 words) Research Proposal

Production of Monoclonal Antibodies

.... In the larger chamber, culture media is present and in the smaller chamber monoclonal antibodies are collected. The most commonly used membrane systems are mini-PERM and CELLIne. These systems have technical difficulties (National Academy of Science, 1997). The main advantages of in vitro methods are reduction in the use of mice, especially during the antibody-production stage, easy to produce and hence useful for large-scale production by pharmaceutical industry, no need to submit animal protocols, production of quantities as high as in ascitic fluid methods but without contaminants of ascitic fluid. The disadvantages are some hybridomas may not grow well or may be lost in culture. Use of fetal calf serum limits the use of some...
6 Pages (1500 words) Coursework

The Link between the Current Account and Changes in a Countrys Net Foreign Wealth

... and pharmaceutical products the effect will be the pressure for the local producers to improve the quality of their product while matching the prices of the goods manufactured from the facilities owned by offshore companies. Current Account – Is the current value of all the net foreign asset of a country. This would include the foreign aid it receives and the net revenue of all its exporting activities that would include export of goods and services. The advent of globalisation has put into the fore the resurgence of adventurism amongst the captains of the industry. To illustrate: During the sixteenth hundred much of Europe’s countries that are ruled by monarch engaged its entire war chest in exploring the Far East. The primary purpose...
6 Pages (1500 words) Term Paper

Law of Evidence: Reliability and Relevance

... in R v Luttrell [2004]10 also accepted the test suggested by Cross and Tapper. In this case the court accepted that the reliability of expert evidence can be relevant when considering admissibility, but refused to accept that lip-reading evidence from viewing of CCTV recording should not be excluded, as it was possible to sufficiently test the methods used through cross examination of the expert. The UK so far has no specific test for reliability and relevance of scientific evidence, but has taken on board recommendations made in the United States with regard for the need to examine relevance and reliability before evidence is adduced in court. Since the case of Daubert v Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals 11 the introduction of rule 702 has...
8 Pages (2000 words) Term Paper

Nursing via Music Therapy

... and comfort for elderly patients, there are a number of challenges that may not have traditional therapeutic solutions. For the elderly, traditional surgery is less effective due to the increased difficulty in wound healing, and general survival. Drugs are always an option, but they are only effective to a point. Some drugs have the potential for dangerous synergies to the detriment of the patient. These and other challenges create a strong motivation for noninvasive, alternative aids for aged patient recovery. It is essential to consider non-invasive options whenever evidence emerges supporting their efficacy. Standard modalities involving pharmaceuticals and invasive surgery are essential, but limited in effectiveness for certain elderly...
10 Pages (2500 words) Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Pharmaceutics for FREE!

Contact Us