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Orthopedic Care - Essay Example

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Summary
Orthopedic nursing is defined as the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual and potential health problems related to musculoskeletal function, More specifically, orthopedic nursing focuses on promoting wellness and self-care and on preventing further injury and illness in patients with degenerative, traumatic, inflammatory, neuromuscular, congenital, metabolic, and oncologic disorders.
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Orthopedic Care
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Download file to see previous pages A patient hospitalized for any orthopedic procedure whether its cast application, traction or arthroplasty is vulnerable to similar complications such as:
Without exception, orthopedic complication can be prevented or minimized by appropriate and consistent assessment, monitoring, and therapy. For example, the orthopedic patient's neurovascular status must be assessed at regular intervals; otherwise, signs and symptoms of neurovascular compromise may go undetected until irreversible damage occurs. Consistent orthopedic care remains the surest way to promote rapid healing and successful rehabilitation.
Orthopedic nursing care is characterized by the high incidence of emergency procedures a nurse, likely to perform. The first step in administering emergency care at the scene of an accident is immediate assessment for a life-threatening condition. Do not move the patient unless danger is imminent because this might worsen the injury and increase pain. I the patient must be moved, assess him for possible spinal injury so that the appropriate transfer techniques can be used. After determining that no life-threatening injury exists, conduct an initial head-to-toe assessment, comparing bilaterally where applicable.
Always evaluate neurovascular status. Check the five P's: pain, pallor, pulse, paresthesia, and paralysis. Assess the injury thoroughly, and use strict sterile technique when caring for oopen wounds to prevent infection. If the nurse suspect a bone injury, apply a splint to reduce injury and immobilize the bone.
In non-emergencies, performing orthopedic procedures correctly can ease pain, prevent further injury, and encourage proper healing.
Case
The player: Fred Johnson during a local football match sustained an open fracture to his tibia and fibula. After rushed down to a local hospital, he underwent an emergency surgery to wash the open fracture. It is very important to wash the open fracture site within 8 hours of the injury to avoid infections. The scar was about four inches above his right ankle is hardly visible and the slight bend in his right leg is barely noticeable. His right leg was mangled. His bone had snapped in two, with one end protruding from his skin and a shattered fibula.
After the open fracture was thoroughly washed, the fracture required stabilization. Stabilization of these fractures can be accomplished with internal fixation (rods, plates and screws), external fixation, or as in his case, a cast.
With all the professional approach that the surgeons and nurses had taken, with all the new technologies, which were there, but the nature of his injury, is complex enough to heal 100%. And he ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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