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The benefit and pitfalls of using amoxicillin in the treatment of pneumonia - Essay Example

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The Benefit and Pitfalls of Using Amoxicillin in the Treatment of Pneumonia By [Name of Student] [Name of Institution] [Word Count] [Date] Introduction Pneumonia is a rather common infection of the lungs (Cunha, 2010). Usually, it is treated using antibiotics, which is followed well, results in full recovery…
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The benefit and pitfalls of using amoxicillin in the treatment of pneumonia
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Download file to see previous pages Although home treatment is acceptable for mild pneumonia, it is advised that one seeks hospital treatment for severe cases. Whenever pneumonia is suspected, an antibiotic such as amoxicillin is often prescribed considering that bacterial infection is a major cause of pneumonia and antibiotics kill or destroy bacteria (Cunha, 2010). Amoxicillin is one of the most effective drugs against common causes of pneumonia. However, if proved to be less effective, contrary to expectations or allergy is noted, a change to another treatment is advised. In many cases, after using amoxicillin, symptoms are observed to improve after three days, which show that the treatment is working (Behera, 2010). This paper explores the uses, structure, benefits and the pitfalls of amoxicillin as a drug for treating a range of infections. In the process, how amoxicillin works to treat these infections will be discussed. Using Amoxicillin to Treat Pneumonia Amoxicillin is a drug that belongs to the penicillin family and is an improvement over the penicillin (Ravina, 2011). It was developed after penicillin was observed to have certain disadvantages (Ravina, 2011). The key use of amoxicillin, which is a prescription drug generally available to the public in different brand names, is in treating various forms of infections. Since it is used in treating a wide range of infections, it is necessary that one gathers enough information on the drug such as its structure, uses, benefits, shortcomings and brand names such as Amoxil, Dispermox and Trimox (Pichichero, 2005). Generally, amoxicillin, also referred to as amoxycillin and abbreviated as INN and BAN respectively or just amox, is moderate range ?-lactam bacteriolytic that treats infections that are due to the invasion of vulnerable pathogenic microorganisms such as pneumoniae. The drug first became available in 1972. There are several reasons amoxicillin is the favoured drug for treating diseases caused by such susceptible microorganisms. These reasons include the drug’s better absorption in oral administration. In fact, the drug does better in this regard compared to other ?-lactam antibiotics. It also finds a lot of uses in children suffering from pneumonia (Rudan et al., 2008). However, it must be recognized that the drug is susceptible to degradation by certain substances such bacteria that secrete ?-lactamase. In fact, this class of bacteria has been shown to be resistant to a wide range of other ?-lactam antibiotics including penicillin. Hence, some physicians prescribe it in combination with clavulanic acid, which is a ?-lactamase inhibitor. By combining it with these ?-lactamase inhibitors, physicians seek to ensure that the effectiveness of the drug is increased by its resistance to ?-lactamase being decreased (Pichichero, 2005). How Amoxicillin Kills Bacteria To best understand the advantages and disadvantages of using amoxicillin to treat pneumonia, it is imperative that one understands the manner in which the drug works against its target microorganisms. Generally, the drug targets the bacterial cell walls. That is, the drug restricts the capacity of the bacteria to shape cell walls. In other words, the importance of cell walls to bacterial life is targeted in this degradation process. In essence, the drug destroys the bonds that hold and compose the bacterial cel ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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