The paper "Streptococcus Pneumoniae" gives detailed information about Streptococcus Pneumoniae which causes life-threatening diseases in human beings. Streptococcus Pneumoniae presents a challenge to most antibiotics that are used to manage it, the bacteria changes constantly…
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The micro-organism incorporates the genetic material of another microorganism through a process of transformation. The presence of F-antigen helps in acquiring of genetic material from different sources. Therefore, it means that the organism can change from one serotype to the other. This is quite significant to the development of resistance to antibiotics in the organism. It increases the virulence of the organism. The increasing severity of micro organism is attributed to its ability to assume different shapes. When the organism acquires genetic material with genes of resistance to antibiotics, it replicates to resist the host defense mechanism. The virulence in these microorganisms is associated with the capsular material. The capsule resists the hosts’ phagocytosis mechanism thereby surviving and multiplying in the host tissues. The virulence factors of the microorganism include surface protein A. autolysin, and immunoglobulin A. Streptococci pneumoniae are found in the host’s upper airways, nose, or throat. They are part of normal flora in human beings. However, the organism becomes infectious depending on the immunity status of the host. In the immune comprised host, they cause some of the deadly diseases that include pneumonia, meningitis, sinusitis, acute otitis media, peritonitis, and bacteremia. These are diseases of upper and lower respiratory tract. When in the host tissues, pneumococcal undergoes genetic changes that convert the colonies from opaque to transparent ones.
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In the diagnosis of such condition among pediatric patients, as well as in scientific endeavors to treat it, nurses have essential roles to play as health care providers and members of the health care team. The nursing process of assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation and evaluation (ADPIE) can undoubtedly be applied in the care of these children.
The vital requirement for blood and the belief that it is driving force for the existence of mankind existed since the ancient times. Several scientists have studied the properties of blood and have hence established the various functions performed by blood and its components that include red blood cells, white blood cells and blood platelets.
It possess capsule and therefore it is encapsulated. Klebsiella is known to be lactose fermenting organism (Ryan, 2004). Habitat It is present as the natural microflora on the epidermal layers especially skin and oral cavity. It is also present in the intestine.
Streptococcus pneumoniae is among the group of pathogenic micro-organisms that cause life threatening diseases in human beings. The organism belongs to Kingdom of Bacteria (Procaryotae), phylum Firmicutes, and class bacilli. Streptococcus pneumoniae is classified under the Order of Lactobacillales, family Streptoccaceae and Genus Streptococcus.
Acute Otitis Media A. Review the sources of evidence listed above and do the following: A1. Type of source of evidence The first article (excerpt) ‘Ear nose and throat’ is a filtered source of evidence. The reason it qualifies as a filtered source is that there is pre-decided aspect involved in the study.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can be defined as "a disease state characterized by the presence of airflow obstruction due to chronic bronchitis or emphysema" (NICE, 2004). According to the National Health Survey, in United States, prevalence of emphysema is 18 per 1000 persons and that for chronic bronchitis is 34 per 1000 persons (Adams, 2008).
The author states that basing on the results the most likely bacteria were: for the unknown A, was Klebsiella pneumoniae which is a typical rod shaped bacterium, a Gram-negative, lactose fermenting, facultative anaerobic. For the unknown B: It was likely to be Salmonella Typhimurium bacteria which is a typical nonspore-forming rods.
These distinctions in health consequences can be described in part by particular and inherent immune aspects available in human milk. The mother has plasma cells in the bronchial tree and intestine move to the mammary epithelium and emits antibodies particular to antigens in the immediate environment giving particular immune against micro-organisms in the mother’s surrounding.
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