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Klebsiella Pneumonia - Case Study Example

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The bacteria that produce Klebsiella pneumonia Carbapenemases have emerged swiftly as the leading cause of multidrug resistant infection. The organisms that are capable of harbouring these enzymes are usually capable of hydrolysing a broad beta – lactam spectra that includes those of penicillin, cabapenems, cephalosporin, and monobactam among others. …
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Klebsiella Pneumonia
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Download file to see previous pages Klebsiella is a form of Gram negative bacteria that is known to cause different health care problems especially those that are associated with infections including bloodstream infections, pneumonia, surgical or wound site infections, as well as meningitis. Notably, Klebsiella bacteria have increasingly developed antimicrobial resistance that has lately been referred to the acrbaoenem antibiotic. The Klebsiella bacteria are usually located in the human intestines where without any risk factor, they never cause diseases. They can also be found in the human faeces or stool. In health care settings, the Klebsiella infections usually occur in the sickest patients that are in the process of receiving medication for their other medical conditions. Patients who are at the highest risk of being infected by the Klebsiella bacteria are those that require medical care devices including intravenous (vein) catheters and ventilators or the breathing machines as well as those who are taking long courses of certain antibiotics. It is worth noting that healthier people are never at risk of Klebsiella bacterial infections (Siegenthaler and Aeschlimann, 2007; pg. 219). Therefore, all those who were affected in the provided case are persons who were undertaking certain medical treatments (Wiskur, 2008; pg. 152). It should be noted that the Klebsiella bacteria often affect those who need the assistance of medical devices and that is why the disease mainly affected the ICU patients. Risk Factors The Klebsiella infections are usually common in people with weak or weakened immune systems. In most cases, the Klebsiella associated illness often affect older and the middle aged men who are already affected by the deliberating diseases (Rubin, Strayer, and Rubin, 2012; pg. 138). Patients within this category are usually associated with impaired respiratory host defences that include alcoholism, diabetes, liver diseases, malignancy, glucocorticoid therapy, renal failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) among other occupational exposures (Rubin, Strayer, and Rubin, 2012; pg. 91). Most of these infections are common among persons who have been hospitalized with other medical conditions. Therefore, it is apparent that the 73 years old patient died from the effects of Klebsiella bacteria due to the exposure to the same while was undertaking his or her kidney transplantations. The use of the antibiotics is also a risk factor since it increases the nosocomial infection risks with Klebsiella bacteria. The septic shock and sepsis can lead to the entry of the Klebsiella bacteria into the blood stream (Sellon and Long, 2007; pg. 123) It should be noted that admission to the ICU makes patients to be colonized with KPC- KP that often associate with risk factors that include the previous stay of the patient in the ICU, diseases associated with chronic obstruction of the pulmonary veins, the duration of the previous hospitalization, history or previous of the carbapenems, as well as the previous use of ?- lactams or ?- lactamase inhibitors (Schlossberg, 2008; pg. 109). Of the risk factors, it should be noted that Klebsiella infection of the fifth patients among other patients could have unlikely been traced from the endemic areas (Tomashefski, Dail, and Dail, 2008; pg. 06). The families or members of the family of the persons suffering from Klebsiella infections are at lower risks of being infected by Klebsiella bacteria (Samper, Pycock, and Mckinnon, 2007; pg. 129). Nonetheless, it is vital that everyone follows a health care environment precautions outlined by health care providers to reduce chances of being infected from the Klebsiella bacteria and diseases associated with it (Sellon and Long, 2007; pg. 136). Transmission Klebsiella normally causes pneumonia and this is the disease that is commonly caused by Klebsiella outside hospital and it is usually in the form of bronchitis or the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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