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Analysis of the Causes and Treatment of Parkinsons Disease in a Patient - Essay Example

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This essay is a summary report following a research conducted about Parkinson’s disease. It is divided into various sub sections to allow a detailed discussion. The first section defines what Parkinson’s disease is, when it was first discovered, who had it first and whether it is a disease of both sexes…
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Analysis of the Causes and Treatment of Parkinsons Disease in a Patient
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Download file to see previous pages As the report stresses that Parkinson’s disease (PD), or primary Parkinsonism, is a medical term that refers to a progressive neurological condition that affects the central nervous system. PD is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer’s and comes with a lot of burden on patients and their families as well. This condition is believed to be caused by the death of cells that generate dopamine found in a region of the midbrain called substantia nigra. A 2005 literature review put the estimates of incidences of the disease at between 12 and 26 per 100000 individuals and the prevalence at around 130 in every 100,000. PD itself does not pose immediate threat to an individual. However, individuals that have borne it for a long time are susceptible to physical and mental illnesses that can lead to death
This paper declares that modern medical practice divides the symptoms of this disease into early and later stage symptoms. Early stage symptoms associated with PD are usually movement-related and include slow movement, rigidity, shaking, gait and difficulty while walking. Later on in the advanced stages of the disease, behavioural and thinking problems arise. These symptoms include neuropsychiatric disturbances like depression, apathy, hallucinations, anxiety disorders, fatigue, sleep disorders, hypophonia, poor bowel movement, drenching, sweats, pain, sexual dysfunction, dementia, depression, and sialorrhoea. Other symptoms are sensory and emotional. PD is a disease common among older people, with the onset age at about 50 years. (Mylne et al 1015). The Central Nervous System Since PD is a disease of the central nervous system (CNS), it is important to have a basic idea of CNS’s structure and functioning. The CNS refers to the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and the spinal cord, with the brain in the cranial cavity and is protected by the skull and the spinal cord lies in the spinal cavity and is protected by the vertebrae. Its function is to integrate all the information sent to it from other parts of the body and use this information to coordinate the proper functioning of the body. It works hand in hand with the peripheral nervous system to control behavior. The basic structure of the CNS is the neurone. Together with neurotransmitters, they are fundamental in relying information throughout the CNS in the form of electric pulses. When a disease of the CNs such as PD attacks an individual, it leads to a deformation of the structure of neurones causing them to malfunction. This results in abnormal functioning of the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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