Nobody downloaded yet

Vertebral Column Degenerative Diseases - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Vertebral Column Degenerative Diseases Name: Institution: Vertebral Column Degenerative Diseases Vertebral column degenerative diseases entail a group of conditions or disorders involving loss of the typical configuration and functions of the intervertebral disc or spine…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.4% of users find it useful
Vertebral Column Degenerative Diseases
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Vertebral Column Degenerative Diseases"

Download file to see previous pages As years advance, the discs tend to weaken and flatten, signifying the onset of degeneration. The intervertebral disc degeneration is characterized by herniations, bulging, spinal stenosis, fissures, and dehydration, which put pressure on nerve roots and the spinal cord. This paper will explain the diseases with a focus on the medical terminology of the main concepts. It will also highlight the symptoms, how patients are able to go to doctors, steps of diagnosis, and treatment. The vertebral column degenerative disease is more prevalent among the elderly population, but acute herniations may also be found among the middle-aged adult population. Pathologic and age-related causal factors of degenerative changes can range between traumatic, vascular, genetic, toxic, and metabolic ones. There are three key pathogenetic mechanisms involved in the disease: acute trauma, chronic, dynamic and static overload, and decreased endplate permeability. Acute Trauma It causes vertebral instability by altering the spinal alignment, leading to the accelerated degeneration. Frequently, this mechanism is associated with the discovertebral degeneration that commonly follows acute cervical traumas. Chronic, Dynamic and Static Overload Such overloads cause chronic micro-traumas and are considered to be the most significant factors that lead to disc degeneration. The prevalence of higher rates of disc herniations at maximal levels of axial loads confirms this fact. Decreased Endplate Permeability This causes dysfunction of chondrocytes and fibroblasts, subsequently leading to the alteration of the ratio of keratin to chondroitin sulfate. The nucleus pulposus water loss and ensuing rigidity are determined by matrix degeneration. Although dependent on the specific location of the spine’s structural problem, the key symptoms of the vertebral column degenerative disease include chronic and / or sharp pain, sensory loss, limited motion and weakness (Macedo et al., 2009). A patient will experience a significantly increased limited motion and weakness if the degeneration causes injury or compression of the spinal cord. As the disease worsens, there will be a loss of bowel, bladder, and sexual functions. For example, a 50-year-old construction worker had pains in the low back due to lifting heavy weights, but they were not serious enough to seek medical attention. When the pain spread down to the thigh and into the knee, he experienced difficulties in bending and could not sit for more than ten minutes. As a form of physical exercise, he walks 200 meters to a therapist. In diagnosis, the doctor usually starts with a spinal X-ray. The discs will not be shown by X-ray, but other structural changes will be noticed. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans show details of the discs and allow the doctor to examine the spinal canal space and nerves and the way the disease affects them. However, diagnosis is prone to problems and may be obscured by false positive findings and scenarios where the scans and the patient’s symptoms do not correlate. For more accurate findings, the doctor also asks specific questions regarding the behavior and location of the pain. The patient is also asked to indicate on a body diagram where they have numbness, tingling, and pain. The patient’s posture and mobility are observed, including the legs and arms’ range of motion. The first treatment is bed rest followed by oral medication for pain, physical therapy for strengthening ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Vertebral Column Degenerative Diseases Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Vertebral Column Degenerative Diseases Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1482490-vertebral-column-degenerative-diseases
(Vertebral Column Degenerative Diseases Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Vertebral Column Degenerative Diseases Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1482490-vertebral-column-degenerative-diseases.
“Vertebral Column Degenerative Diseases Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1482490-vertebral-column-degenerative-diseases.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Vertebral Column Degenerative Diseases

Scienece Column

...This physics column shall explore on the physical properties of day to day materials that are linked with the movements of their components, either atoms or molecules. In particular, the study shall explore on the type of motion referred as “heat.” In addition, the column shall attempt to establish the factors that regulate transfer of heat from one substance to the other, especially when they are brought into thermal contact. Moreover, the column shall help us understand the relation that exists between heat and mechanical work. For example, is the heat content affected by any physical force? More significantly, is it possible to extract heat from a substance and apply it in a more...
3 Pages(750 words)Article

A Science Column

...?Insert of Thermodynamics The laws of thermodynamics are a set of four laws developed to come up with an explanation for the variations in the physical quantities of heat. Thermodynamics on the same note is a branch of physics which deals with the transfer of heat on substances of various types and materials. This is set of three laws each explaining the behavior of heat in certain materials. The basic thermodynamics variables are temperatures, heat and entropy. The three variables are the physical quantities that keep on changing from one material to another depending on the surrounding conditions around the material. A physical quantity is defined by the sequence of operations used to determine its value (Wiliamson... of Thermodynamics The...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

A science column

...?Insert of Faraday’s law: Ampere’s law Several thoughts always cross our minds whenwe see a light bulb illuminate the house in a chilly evening. The streets appear brighter during the night despite the surrounding darkness in the place where we might happen to be in. More fascinating occurrences often hallucinate our understanding with regard to how certain things operate. Even the most common things such as cell phones which we use in our everyday lives sometimes pose a lot of questions in our minds concerning how they actually operate. We have to charge our cell phones whenever they are exhausted of energy/power. This we have to do by using electricity and we wonder how electricity and the cell phones are related such that we... of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Degenerative Joint Diseases: Osteoarthritis of the Knee and Cervical Spondylosis Purpose

...Degenerative Joint Diseases: Osteoarthritis of the Knee and Cervical Spondylosis Purpose/Rationale By definition Degenerative Joint Disease is a degeneration or ‘wear and tear’ of articular cartilage usually accompanied by an overgrowth of bone (osteophytes), narrowing of the joint space, sclerosis or hardening of bone at the joint surface, and deformity in joints (Druginfonet.com, 2003). Osteoarthritis of the Knee and Cervical Spondylosis both fall into this category. This paper analysis the epidemiology, morbidity and costs linked with these degenerative diseases. The paper also looks into the impact of conventional health care...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Diseases

...Diseases Malaria In spite of the advances in the understanding of how malaria is caused, spread, and effects the human body, Malaria still remains aserious public health problem, affecting nearly 2.4 billion or forty percent of the population of the world, emphasis on countries in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world that include Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Islands of the South, West and Central pacific Ocean, the Caribbean Islands and Turkey. (1). In the United States of America malaria ceased being an endemic disease in 1947, and cases of malaria are few, mostly resulting from traveling to regions of the world, where malaria is endemic and neglecting to take the required prevention...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Pivot Column

...Running Head: THE SIMPLEX METHOD – PIVOTS The Simplex Method: What is a pivot column, pivot row and pivot element? In the simplex method, how is a pivot column selected? A pivot row? A pivot element? Give examples of each. The simplex method, or simplex algorithm as it is also known, is an algorithm used for linear programming. Although simplices are not used in the method, it has been suggested that is operates on simplicial cones, hence the name. Pivot operations are a geometrical process that moves from a basic feasible solution to a second adjacent basic feasible solution. If you take a pivot element (non-zero) in a non-basic column, and then multiply the row that the pivot element is in by its reciprocal then you end... up with a...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Batch Distillation Column

..., the following values can be deduced: After 15 minutes After 30 minutes Steady State Mole fraction of methanol at the top 0.9600 0.9620 0.9800 Mole fraction of methanol at the bottom 0.0500 0.0530 0.0520 The vapour and the liquid flowing above the tray are indicated by V and L respectively. For this same section, Vi = D + Li-1 yiVi = x0D + xi-1Li-1 The operating line represents the combined mass and energy balances, as they occur in the rectifying section of the column. The above equations are applicable only when i = 1, 2, 3,..., n, and more specifically, when i = 1 gives y1 =xo = xD Tray efficiency, ɳ =  Rectifying section: T1 T2 T3 T4 x-axis 0.8 0.77 0.72 0.69 y-axis 0.78 0.68 0.66 0.67 Stripping...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Distillation column

...Distillation Column Design Insert (s) Distillation Column Design Operational design considerations There are a number of operational design considerations that should be taken into consideration to ensure that the depropanizer distillation column is both effective and efficient. Generally the column primarily acts as a separator unit to recover propane from the mix of other heavier hydrocarbon components such as Butane during the refining process. In this regard, the depropanizer distillation column should be designed a way that operates within the ranger of the average total pressure required for the reparation of the feed into bottoms and the propane...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Portions of the Spinal Column

...that bends outwards, forming a shape resembling a backward "C"; it is known as the kyphotic curve. Lumbar spine- This is the lowermost part of the spinal column. It is made up of 5 (some people have 6) vertebrae (L1 to L5). The lumbar spine links the pelvis and the thoracic spine and therefore supports most of the body’s weight; they are also the largest vertebrae. The lumbar spine has a curve (lordotic curve) that bends inward (Wilke, 2006). Challenge to X-ray Plain X-rays, no matter what technique is employed, normally underestimate the extent of traumatic injury. In addition to this, there is a high likelihood that lesions will not be detected. Non-displaced and hairline fractures are very hard to detect using the...
1 Pages(288 words)Essay

Diseases

...Diseases Diseases Location: Denmark Diseases listed: Escherichia coli diarrhea, Hepatitis A, Cholera, Toxoplasmosis and Lyme disease Details: Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that occurs throughout Denmark. According to a survey carried out by The Department of ecology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, the prevalence of Lyme disease in Denmark is approximately 4,98% (Matthews, 2012). The average number of infected nymphs during the assessment was approximately 3.0 per 100 m2 (Matthews, 2012). In addition, there was a correlation between the number of infected nymphs and the distribution in the number of Lyme...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Vertebral Column Degenerative Diseases for FREE!

Contact Us