StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Diabetes - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Diabetes Name University Diabetes Diabetes is a pathological condition which occurs due to the deficiency of insulin in the human body or owing to the resistance of the body cells to insulin. The lack of insulin results in altering the normal levels of glucose in the human body which are mainly regulated by this hormone…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.9% of users find it useful
Diabetes
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Diabetes"

Download file to see previous pages This results in a lack of insulin. Type II diabetes mellitus mainly occurs in individuals above the age of 40 years. It is characterized by a reduction in the insulin secretion as well as resistance of the cells of the body to the action of insulin. This results in reduced effectiveness of the hormone. Obesity, reduced physical activity as well as unhealthy eating habits are considered as risk factors of type II diabetes (Colledge et al 2010). Diabetes mellitus tends to disturb the normal physiology of the other systems in the human body which include the renal system, the nervous system and the cardiovascular system. The normal functioning of the kidneys may become altered which results in metabolic derangements. Neuropathies are also a common presentation in the diabetics and loss of sensory and motor reflexes in the distal limbs are seen. The cardiovascular functioning is also affected and the risk of myocardial infarctions is raised in these patients. The eyes of the diabetic patients need regular assessment as cataracts and retinopathies tend to develop in these patients. The assessment is also important as in severe cases of uncontrolled diabetes, blindness can develop. Diabetes can result in decreased blood supply to the distal limbs and this along with the neuropathy can result in ulceration of the foot mainly (Longmore 2007). Various blood tests can be used to diagnose diabetes. These include fasting and random levels of glucose in the blood and oral glucose tolerance test. After the confirmation of the diagnosis, the treatment is commenced which includes medications that increase the sensitivity of insulin like glitazones and metformin. Insulin itself is also given to the patients (Colledge et al 2010; Longmore 2007). Statistics of Diabetes in the United States of America According to the statistics for the year 2010 which were revealed in the National Diabetes Fact Sheet 2011, the number of Americans suffering from diabetes was 25.8 million. This accounted for approximately 8.3 percent of the total population of the United States. The number of diagnosed cases was indicated as 18.8 million whereas the undiagnosed cases were 7 million. 25.6 million, diabetics were mainly adults above the age of 20 years. Out of these 25.6 million people, 13.0 million were males whereas 12.6 million were females. Furthermore, 1.9 million adult Americans were diagnosed as new cases of diabetes in the year 2010. On the other hand, approximately 215,000 American under the age group of 20 were known to suffer from diabetes in the year 2010. The National Diabetes Fact Sheet also revealed the occurrence of diabetes in different races in the United States. In the year 2010, 15.7 million non-Hispanic white adults and 4.9 million non-Hispanic blacks were known to suffer from diabetes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Diabetes Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Diabetes Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1482364-diabetes
(Diabetes Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
Diabetes Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1482364-diabetes.
“Diabetes Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1482364-diabetes.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Diabetes

Diabetes

...) in tissues are believed to be causative in the pathological changes of diabetes. The concentration of glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) is taken as an index of protein glycosylation: it reflects the state of glycaemia over the preceding 2-3 months (Davidson, 2010; Tripathi, 2008). Two major types of diabetes are- Type I or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), juvenile onset diabetes mellitus, which is caused due to the destruction of ?- cells of pancreatic islets, majority of the cases are autoimmune (type 1A) antibodies that destroy ?-cells and are detectable in blood. In all type I cases circulating insulin levels are low or very low and patients are more prone...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay

Diabetes

...n the blood and insufficient glucose provided to the cells in the body. Living organisms need energy to survive and for this they intake food. The food that they eat goes through a lot of internal processes to be converted into energy. The hormone that plays the main role in this conversion is insulin, which is secreted by pancreas. It takes glucose from the blood and provides to all the body cells and this is how it is turned into energy. A person suffers from diabetes because his pancreas either fails to secrete sufficient amount of insulin or because the body does not utilize the already secreted hormone accordingly. He or she is seen to have high blood sugar levels or hyperglycemia. Causes of Type II Diabetes: Type II diabetes is...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

Diabetes

...full blown. Diabetes has been categorized as lifetime or chronic ailment that occurs when there is a high amount of sugar in the blood. On that note, it is necessary to observe that diabetes is caused by many factors that are worth observing. For example, before dwelling on the factors, it is urgent to define insulin as a hormone formed in the pancreas in order to regulate the workings of blood sugar (Mathews, et al 2008). If there is too little amount of insulin in the body, then diabetes occurs. Alternatively, the presence of any form of resistance to insulin may also induce diabetes to the body of an individual. In the same aspect, before delving on how...
4 Pages (1000 words) Research Paper

Diabetes

... dead. A huge stroke was the cause of his father’s death when he was 69 years of age. His mother had been found to be a patients suffering from diabetes when she was 48 years old. She died at age 62 from end-stage kidney disease. His weight was 10 lb 2 oz at birth. Both of his parents and his siblings are overweight. Among his siblings two are diabetic. Social History and Habits At present, the patient is married father of three adult children. He is not a smoker but drinks beer occasionally. He does not make medicines, nutritional supplements or herbal remedies. Diabetes Definition and/or description of diabetes Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease. The condition of hyperglycemia in diabetes results into defects in the secretion...
11 Pages (2750 words) Essay

Diabetes

... not respond to the produced insulin. An individual suffering from diabetes can experience several complications such as damage to blood vessels, damage to the nervous system and heart problems (Sattar et al, 2010). Diabetes is often a lifelong struggle and individuals suffering from it need proper attention support from the people surrounding him or her and proper medical care. In this paper, an epidemiological approach is used to examine all about diabetes as a disease. The paper will summarize the entities of diabetes, review the background information concerning the disease, review the major epidemiologic findings, identify areas of further epidemiologic research and summarize the findings. Using the epidemiology of diabetes, the paper...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay

DIABETES

...as well as, economic consequences to be substantial. Diabetes is a chronic condition, which is associated with unusually high levels of sugar in the blood (Braithwaite & Taylor, 2001). Research has shown that among the United States residents aged between 65 years and older have diabetes whereas 220,000 people aged 20 years are also affected by the disease. Today, Florida ranks in top 10 of states with high diabetes rates. Most health experts reported that the United States is facing an increase in the number of people with diabetes. In 1996, the 1.4 million to 4 million of people were diagnosed with diabetes in states such as Florida and Miami. Today,...
4 Pages (1000 words) Essay

Diabetes

...of physical activity, but each of these realizations could have an impact on best practices for physical therapists in working with diabetic patients. In “Metallothionein-Mediated Antioxidant Defense System and Its Response to Exercise Training Are Impaired in Human Type 2 Diabetes” (Scheede-Bergdahl 2005), the authors discuss the importance of metallothioneins I and II (MT 1&2) as part of the antioxidant defense system and its relationship to exercise in the diabetic patient. Previous studies regarding these antioxidants have indicated that exercise has only beneficial effects on the production of MT 1&2, but the research team noticed that none of the studies had actually been...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

Diabetes

... Diabetes is a medical disease in which the human body can either not produce or not properly utilize the hormone called Insulin. Insulin itself is a naturally produced hormone which helps the body in converting sugars, starch and other food stuff into useful energy which is needed for the activities of daily life. While we know a lot about the effects of the disease, the cause of the ailment continues to be an unsolved mystery. However, both genetic and environmental influences have been noted to bring up the onset of diabetes and these include factors including obesity and a sedate lifestyle. The Diabetes UK (2008) organization also confirms the information provided by the ADA and gives further information regarding diabetes. According...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay

Diabetes

..., body size and sex that have high chances of are getting diabetes mellitus. The paper also highlights on some minor causes of diabetes mellitus, and the severe complications resulted from the disease if it is not diagnosed at an early stage. Keywords: diabetes mellitus, chronic disease, prevalence Introduction Diabetes mellitus known as diabetes is the number of chronically metabolic diseases that are identified by rise in glucose levels in the blood; scientifically know as hyperglycemia (Chandalia at al., 2012). It may occur due to the pancreas producing inadequate amount of insulin, defect in insulin action, or both. It is considered to be the seventh cause of death in United States. The food we consume is catalyzed to glucose...
6 Pages (1500 words) Research Paper

Diabetes

...for patients with this condition provided they do not fall in the following scenarios, which make them at risk of aggravating cardiovascular diseases. First, they should not be older than 35 years and should not have suffered from type 2 diabetes for more than 10 years. There should be no other risk factors for coronary artery disease. The patients should not have proliferative retinopathy or nephropathy microvascular disease such as microalbuminuria, peripheral vascular disease or autonomic neuropathy. Exercise Prescription for Type II Diabetics Aged Below 35 Years Scientific research has produced enough supportive evidence that a gradual drop in fitness and muscle mass and strength in...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Pregnancy Complicated With Diabetes

Depending on the time of gestation and the type of diabetes mellitus the character of these metabolic changes will vary. (Bender HS, Chickering WR, 1985.)
In the aetiology of complications of diabetic pregnancy, the disturbances of intermediary metabolism play a major role, in addition to abnormalities of immune function in both the mother and foetus, as well as in the placenta ( Fallucca F, 1997). The metabolic changes in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus include postprandial hyperaminoacidemia, hyperlipidemia, and hyperglycaemia. (Reece EA, Homko C, Wiznitzer A, 1994.)
In particular, maternal hyperglycaemia results in foetal hyperglycaemia, which is corrected by increasing insulin secretion and consequent foetal hype...
7 Pages (1750 words) Coursework

A Genetic Link for Diabetes

I collected data on agricultural land use and 1979-1998 mortality from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention websites, respectively. Counties were grouped based on the percentage of land area dedicated to wheat farming. Poisson relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), comparing high- and medium- with low-wheat counties, were obtained for IHD, the subcategories acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and coronary atherosclerosis (CAS), and diabetes, adjusting for sex, age, mortality cohort, and poverty index. Mortality from IHD was modestly increased (RR: 1.08; 95% CI, 1.04-1.12). Analyses of its two major forms were more revealing. Compared with low-wheat counties, mortality...
9 Pages (2250 words) Assignment

Rewiev of the Article: Management of Type 2 Diabetes

... of coincidence between the views of both groups, and relate the findings to concepts of patient empowerment. These purposes give a clear notion about the hypotheses the study is built on, although no formulation can be found in the text. Firstly, the authors believe that both groups (diabetic patients and health practitioners) tend to demonstrate certain level of coincidence in perception of the issues that affect efficiency of the management of type 2 diabetes. Secondly, Pooley et al assume that the nature of the respondents’ views coupled with the level of coincidence between the views of professionals may elucidate the major characteristics of a highly effective patient empowerment approach. The authors provide a good synthesis...
8 Pages (2000 words) Case Study

Management of Patients with Diabetes

The metabolic dysregulation associated with DM causes secondary pathophysiologic changes in multiple organ systems that impose a tremendous burden on the individual with diabetes and on the health care system. Diabetes mellitus (DM) comprises a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of hyperglycemia. Several distinct types of DM exist and are caused by a complex interaction of genetics, environmental factors, and life-style choices. Depending on the etiology of the DM, factors contributing to hyperglycemia may include reduced insulin secretion, decreased glucose utilization, and increased glucose production. The metabolic dysregulation associated with DM causes secondary pathophysiologic changes in multiple o...
17 Pages (4250 words) Term Paper

Type Two Diabetes, Why It Is a Disease of the Young

...roles” (American Diabetes Association, 2007). Nearly 21 million individuals within the Unites States suffer from Diabetes. Some of these individuals are not even aware that they have the disease. There are several different types of Diabetes, Type One Diabetes, Type Two Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes. This paper will focus mainly on Type Two Diabetes, as most people diagnosed with Diabetes are in fact afflicted with Type Two. Specifically, Type Two Diabetes is an overall resistance of the body to the hormone insulin. It is the failure of the body to properly produce and use...
8 Pages (2000 words) Coursework

Pathophysiological Processes Involved in Type Two Diabetes

Changes in lifestyle and behavior, in particular, sedentary jobs combined with lack of exercise and an increase in disposable income combined with lower food prices, have resulted in a veritable explosion of type 2 diabetes. Left untreated, type 2 diabetes can lead to a series of complications and illnesses and a high incidence of premature morbidity. However, over-rich nutrition and the resulting obesity are not the only risk factors as there are different levels of susceptibility to type 2 diabetes in different ethnic groups.

According to statistics released by the World Health Organization (WHO), currently, 180 million people worldwide have diabetes, with 2.9 million deaths per year occurring due to complications cau...
9 Pages (2250 words) Coursework

A Meta-Analysis of the Effectiveness of a Vegetarian Diet in Diabetes

... in human body does not produce or properly uses insulin, a hormone that is required to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy. Diabetes mellitus is characterized by constant high levels of blood glucose (sugar).” (Diabetes Information….) “Your food is your grave,” opined Bernard Shaw, highlighting the importance of food and the nutrient values contained in it. According to Dr. Joe Shelby Riley a well-known expert in nutrition, “Grapefruit is a splendid thing in the food of diabetic patient. If grapefruits were eaten more liberally, there would be much less diabetes. If you have sugar, use three grapefruits three times a day. If you do not have sugar, but a tendency towards it and want to prevent it, use three a day...
23 Pages (5750 words) Term Paper

Diabetes Disease in the UK

...s producing insufficient amounts of insulin, or none at all. When there is inadequate insulin glucose cannot enter their body’s cells, and so builds up in their blood and is unable to be used as fuel. In some cases, the patient’s body is producing enough insulin but it is not working properly. This is known as insulin resistance. The two most common types of the condition are Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is a complicated disease that medical professionals and scientists are just beginning to understand in terms of its causes. Although symptoms and treatment options are more clear, there are also a multiplicity of these, as well as different types of diabetes. The more common type is Type 2, so the current report...
7 Pages (1750 words) Essay

The Causes of Diabetes Prevalence in the United States

...proved beyond reasonable doubt that diabetes is one of the most dangerous killer diseases in the world (Kirkman et.al 2009). Diabetes is a chronic health condition that American citizens have come to find terms of living with since it has been there for more than a decade. It has had different negative impacts not only to the individual families who have lost their loved ones but also to the government and more specifically to the American healthcare systems following the high costs of health care. In 1997 alone it was estimated that approximately five percent of the American population suffered from diabetes health condition. In the same year, the health care expenses of such...
9 Pages (2250 words) Literature review

Steady Increase in the Incidence of Diabetes

...this project, I am going to provide more insight on Diabetes, thereby analyzing its significance in the United States and across various regions of the globe. Background of Diabetes Diabetes Mellitus, usually stated as Diabetes, is a long-term health condition, characterized by high glucose level in the victim’s blood. Diabetes can be brought about by two scenarios, the first being the failure of the cells of islet of langerhans to produce insulin. In some instances, however, the islet cells produce insulin, but other metabolic cells of the body fail to make use of this insulin due to incompatibility. Diabetes is characterized by...
9 Pages (2250 words) Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Diabetes for FREE!

Contact Us