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Health status and health care services in Canada with comparison to the United States - Essay Example

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Health status and health care services in Canada with comparison to the United States Contents Executive Summary 3 Population and health Status 4 Macro environmental influences on the health care system 7 Expenditures 9 12 Availability of Services 12 Summary Comments 14 References 16 Executive Summary Health care industry is one of the most important industries of both Canada and USA…
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Health status and health care services in Canada with comparison to the United States
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Download file to see previous pages However, despite having similar demographic features, USA has witnessed a lot more growth as compared to Canada in the domain of health care expenditures. Population and health Status As of 2013, the United States of America had a total population of 316,097,000 making the country the third most populous country in the world. Majority of the country is urbanized with more than eighty percent of the population living in cities and suburb areas. More than one hundred fifty million of the total population are females. For the age group of zero to fourteen the male: female ratio is 20.2%. For the age group of 15-64 the male: female ratio is 67% and for 65 and above the male: female ratio is 12.8%. The United States of America is getting more ethnically and racially diverse which reflects the influence of the immigration on the age and size structure of the country. The U.S. population considers the profile of the five racial groups. Another major characteristic of the country has been the fact that the United States of America is getting older. Apart from the total size of the population, this is one of the most important demographic characteristics. Here it needs to be mentioned that such trends of aging population is visible in almost all the developed economies (Maylor and Blackmon, 2005). As of April 2013, the estimated population of Canada is 35,141,542. As far as sex ratio is concerned, at birth the male: female ratio is 1.06. For the under the age of fifteen the male: female ratio is 1.02. For 65 years and above the male: female ratio is 0.7. For the total population the male: female ratio is 0.98. Hence just like USA, the majority of the population of Canada is female. Another similar demographic characteristic of the two countries is the fact that majority of the population, i.e. more than 80% live in urban and suburban areas. Just like USA and other developed countries Canada also have an aging population. The median age for males is forty years and for females the figure shoots up to 42.4 years. On the whole the median age of the nation is 41.2 years. The mortality rate of USA as of 2012 is 8.38 deaths/1,000 people. The mortality rate of Canada as of 2012 is 8.09 deaths/1,000 people. Figure 1 US Mortality Rate, Source: Index Mundi The mortality rate provides the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1000 population in the midyear. Both Canada and USA have witnessed increase in the mortality rates. The rate of rise in USA has been a lot less as compared to Canada (Ridley, 2008, p. 301). Figure 2 Canada Mortality Rate, Source: Index Mundi The infant mortality rate is an important factor of the health of the nation. The infant mortality rate provides the number of deaths of the infants who are under one year old in a year per one thousand live births in that year only. This includes the total death rate by sex. This rate is used as an indicator of the level of the health in the country. The infant mortality rate in USA as of 2012 is 5.98 deaths/1,000 live births. Figure 3 US Infant Mortality Rate, Source: Index Mundi As of 2012 the infant mortality rate of Canada was 4.85 deaths/1,000 births. Figure 3 US Infant Mortality Rate, Source: Index Mundi The standard of living in United States is among the top 20 in the world as per the measures of the standards used by the economists. On a more comprehensive note, according to the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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