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Health Care System in the US - Essay Example

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In many countries where nationalized health care system, medical staff periodically announces the strike, which has a negative impact on patients. This essay "Health Care System in the US" shall examine the contemporary healthcare state in the US regarding this thesis…
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Health Care System in the US
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Download file to see previous pages The U.S. spends more on health care than any other country in the world. In 2000, one American, on average, spent $ 4.5 thousand, and followed the U.S. in terms of cost, Switzerland (with mixed public-private system of financing health care services) significantly inferior to the leader ($ 3.3 million). (Feachem, R. and Sekhri, N. 2004, P, 420)

However, the average life expectancy in these countries is also different, but not in favor of the U.S., the U.S. figure is 77 years in Switzerland - 80. Even greater dissonance arises when comparing the U.S. and Cuba (the state system of medicine). U.S. experts believe that the average index of health care costs hides the real inequality of different layers of the U.S. population access to health services. So, according to U.S. Department of Health \ Department of Health and Human Services, people with low income and education tend to die earlier than the educated rich. 

Since 1999, the World Health Organization has been actively using a new indicator - "healthy life" \ Healthy life expectancy (HALE), that is, the life expectancy of a newborn, taking into account existing at the time of mortality. A new indicator also takes into account the amount of time a person spends in an unhealthy state. This criterion is more correctly describes the effectiveness of health systems in different countries. (Blendon, R. J, et al 2002)

Some of the "successful" in medical terms, developing countries have a health system that focuses on the majority population. Principle - the "low income, quality of life" exists, for example, in Sri Lanka and China, where health care, despite the limited resources of these countries demonstrates the high efficiency. Cuba in the health care system focuses on universal health care for all population categories, and the ratio of doctors and patients is one of the highest in the world. (Dixon, J. 2002)
WHO study show that the number of years spent in an unhealthy state of man, much higher than for people in poor countries. On average, a representative of the most "healthy" nation spends an unhealthy state of 9% of their lives; while for the least "normal" countries, this figure is 14%. For this indicator global leader is Japan, where citizens live on average 74.5 years of healthy life. Among the other leaders on a long and healthy life - Australia, France, Sweden, Spain, Italy, Greece, Switzerland, Monaco and Andorra (in all these countries the emphasis is on public health programs). U.S. takes 24 places in the rankings - or an average of 70 years of healthy life for babies in 1999. (Blendon, R. J, et al 2002)
Analysis of the healthcare system
According to the experts at Johns Hopkins University \ Johns Hopkins University, the lion's share of health expenditure due to the fact that Americans pay for work of its employees and products of pharmaceutical companies at higher rates, compared with residents of other developed countries. Robinson, J. C. (2004) For example, a urine sample in a Canadian hospital costs $ 8 in U.S. - $ 176, an electrocardiogram in Canada costs $ 13 in U.S. - $ 711, chest x-ray in Canada - $ 30 U.S. - $ 772.
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