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Theories and Models of Health Education - Assignment Example

There are various models and theories that have already been drafted to explain and provide an outline of how various basic health programs are executed, helping the entire community in appreciating various behaviors among people and help them improve them. These models were developed to provide a framework for other behaviorally based health education interventions, to identify a standard protocol for curriculum design, and to develop a theoretical structure indigenous to health education (Dennison & Golaszewski, 2002). These models and theories that provide a framework for health education programs are explained as follows: Health Belief Model This theory is the most popular theory in health education and promotion. Its concept is that health behavior is by far determined by own belief or how someone perceives a certain disease, its range of severance and occurrence which are enhanced by the factors from within (intrapersonal factors) that influence the health behavior of that individual. The theory revolves around perceived seriousness, susceptibility, benefits and barriers that have been used to show action, encouraging factor and the self worth (McCormick-Brown, 1999). Individual Perception Modifying Factors Likelihood of Action Age, Sex, Perceived Benefits Minus Perceived barriers Ethnicity, Personality, Socioeconomic, knowledge Perceived susceptibility Perceived Threat Likelihood of Behavior Perceived Severity Cues to Action Social Learning Theory It explains the need of observing

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and coming up with a model of a person’s behavior emotional reactions to others and his/her attitude. It is imperative for individuals to consider the effects of rot their dealings or actions to cause something from within. It further explains the individual behavior in terms of interaction with themselves, other people and the entire surroundings (Bandura, 1977). Its main components underlying this theory are attention, retention motor reproduction and motivation. In essence, the attention that an individual display in relation to functional value and complexity in regard to observer manifestations. Retention will embed itself on the symbolic and ability to remember. Motor reproduction on the other hand represents the physical capabilities of reproduction whereas motivation depicts the personal esteem especially external. To ensure that the objective of health education is achieved, the various physical, mental and self esteemed essentials need to be aligned so that the person is able to effectively lower down to the basics of his or her ability to believe in his/her strength regardless of their orientations in health. Theory of Reasoned Action It is oriented in understanding and hence predicts the person’s social behavior. Thus, one is able to determine the intention of the individual behavior leading to a decision being made. This theory primarily relies on the person’s attitude to behave in that manner and the influence of the social factors in performing the behavior. The attitude is in relation to the consequences that a person belief will result from acting in a decided manner (Godin, 1986). For purposes of making health education more effective, this theory provides that the educators should help individuals develop a positive attitude which should be exhibited by the behavior. This means that various negative beliefs held by persons in the community in terms of health may be


Theories and Models of Health Education Name: Institution: Introduction Theories and models which are accepted facts attempting to give a rationale explanation and models representing essential structure in symbols or physical manifestations can be used to demonstrate and explain health education…
Theories and Models of Health Education
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