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Brief intervention and assessment on a patient with alcohol misuse - Essay Example

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Brief intervention and assessment on a patient with alcohol misuse An important matter of public health concern all around the globe is alcohol misuse. Alcohol abuse is not only associated with health problems but it is also an underlying reason for legal issues as well as socioeconomic problems…
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Brief intervention and assessment on a patient with alcohol misuse
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Brief intervention and assessment on a patient with alcohol misuse

Download file to see previous pages... In the year 2000 alone, it was estimated in the United States that alcohol misuse was the cause of 100,000 deaths per year (Woolard, Cherpitel and Kathleen 146). In the United Kingdom, 40000 deaths per year per due to alcohol abuse as per the estimations of the year 2008. In England, it has been calculated that 10 million people consume alcohol above the limits of alcohol that are permitted. Furthermore, this consumption of alcohol is responsible for incurring costs as high as ?2.7 billion on the NHS in UK (Alcohol Concern 4, 13). The risks to human health accompanied with the high mortality associated with alcohol abuse as well as the high costs incurred upon the health care system have led to make alcohol misuse an issue of global concern. The high numbers of alcohol abusers have made it essential for the healthcare providers to understand a brief intervention and assessment plan for a patient with alcohol misuse. Alcohol abuse poses serious health risks. This can be understood by the fact that it has been marked to be the second most important risk factor associated with cancer with smoking being labelled as the first one (Alcohol Concern 6). Furthermore, alcoholism has also been marked to be one of the commonest psychiatric conditions and dependency upon alcohol is known to occur in approximately 8 to 14% of the people. Thus, the assessment and intervention strategies in alcohol abuse are of utmost importance. The assessment of alcohol misuse is important because it is often missed by the medical professionals. This is owing to several factors. The hesitation of the patient in sharing information is the most important factor. This leads to many difficulties which include misinformation with regard to pathologies in the patient as well as wrong medicinal prescriptions. Furthermore, medical health professionals treat the patients according to their symptoms without recognizing alcohol as the cause for the symptoms which can be problematic. It is important for this reason that symptoms and tests for assessment of patients with alcohol abuse are known (Enoch and Goldman 441). The medical facilities where a patient with alcohol abuse comes should be checked by the medical staff. They should send the patient for specific interventions and detailed assessment and if they are unsure of the diagnosis, the patient should further be referred for assessment. AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) is the first step in the assessment of the patients and when the score in this test is above 15, a comprehensive assessment becomes compulsory. AUDIT is considered to be the most important and accurate assessment questionnaire for assessing alcohol abuse (NICE 8, Enoch and Goldman 443). The patient should be examined thoroughly as well to be sure of the fact that patients who have misused alcohol are not missed. Symptoms of the patient with alcohol misuse include sweating, increased heart rate, depressive episodes, changes in mood, nausea, sleeplessness, blackouts, seizures as well as tremors. Gastrointestinal tract symptoms may also be present which include diarrhoea, feeling of fullness and dyspepsia. Furthermore, patients may also complain of loss of memory and they do not have a steady gait and may also have erectile dysfunction. The signs of alcohol misuse include abuse of other drugs as well as unpredicted reactions of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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