Health Promotion and Prevention: Alcohol Misuse The aim of this essay is provide a comprehensive analysis of the health promotion and prevention policies and strategies that the National Health Service in the UK and Hillingdon employ to combat alcohol misuse as a public health issue…
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2.7 billion every year. Statistics indicate that in 2006-2007, there were more than 811,000 hospital admissions related to alcohol, an increase of about 71%. Moreover, most of the casualties from weekend are alcohol-related (Hongston and Simpson, 2002, p. 97). In the prevention of alcohol misuse as a health condition, the patient, the healthcare professional, and the carer are responsible for ensuring that they achieve their goals. Initial responsibility lies with the patient by identifying their problems. A patient with the problem of alcohol abuse is responsible for identifying their problem to their carers and healthcare professionals in order to instigate treatment in the early development stages (NAO, 2008). If patients ignore their drinking problems, the result may be devastating since the problem may become predominant, necessitating the intervention of other individuals. The carers are responsible for ensuring that patients adhere to the requirements of healthcare professionals as well as monitoring the progress of the patients (Clarke, 2001, p. 93). In addition, the caregivers are crucial in assisting the patients to set goals as well as improving their health maintenance strategies. Empirical evidence indicates that collaborative goal setting provides the best results in positive behavioural change. Lastly, carers are responsible for developing strategies that links specific risk factor patients with the appropriate healthcare provider. The most important role of healthcare professionals is early intervention and treatment, treatment of the physical consequences of alcohol misuse, and assessment and referral. Other roles include the treatment of social consequences from alcohol misuse, rehabilitation of the drinking behaviour, and other community activities such as awareness (Dimond, 2005, p.137). Question two The roles of nurses in inter-professional treatment and rehabilitation teams play an important role in the success of the team. Consequently, the requirement for nurses effectively within the realms of inter-professional rehabilitation and treatment is increasingly becoming important in health care provision, especially in chronic conditions and diseases such as alcohol misuse (Elwyn et al., 2001, p.197). However, nurses often face job-shadowing problems, such that the nursing practise varies within and across different provider types. In some instances, nurses spend a disproportionate time attending to administrative work, while others primarily focus on providing patient care, focusing on the monitoring and assessment role. Statistics from a survey done by the Health Care Practise R&D in the University of Salford, UK, the roles interlinked roles of nurses inter-professional teams are six, including coordination and communication, assessment, technical and physical care, emotional support, therapy integration and therapy carry-on, and involving the family (WHO, 2012). Among the six roles, the most significant for nurses is the creation of an environment that supports and enhances treatment and rehabilitation strategies and processes. According to the findings of the report, some nurses are responsible for all of the six roles at any given time while others only involve in one or two areas of specialization (Freshwater and Bishop, 2004, p.164). Majority of nurses may express a strong desire some form of therapy into the care delivery, although their achievement of this goal varies. The central focus of nurses’
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