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Acinetobacter baumannii - Case Study Example

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This organism is associated with the case occurring in the period from May 2009 to February 2010 since having been isolated in tests and resisting all first-line antibiotics it marched the characteristics already associated with it. The pneumonia cases area further proof that indeed it was A.baumannii (Winn and Koneman, 2006, p. 102). …
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Acinetobacter baumannii
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Download file to see previous pages Among those most likely to get infected are those who recently had a surgical procedure, those with weak immune systems, those recently from an intensive care unit, and those with poor health. Someone who recently took antibiotics has a catheter or came into contact with another one harbouring the bacteria also has a high chance of getting infected.

It is genetically transmitted from other organisms and found in pairs or in groups. It causes many life-threatening illnesses among them blood infection where it either enters through a catheter placed in one’s vein or when an infection spreads from another part of the body to the blood. It also causes meningitis especially after brain or spinal cord surgery; it could also occur if one has a drain or a shunt in their brain (Bruijn, 2011, p. 129). Catheters used to drain urine put one at the risk of contracting A.baumannii and getting a urinary tract infection. Pneumonia is another disease caused by this particular bacteria strain.
Since A.baumannii is resistant to most first-line antibiotics among them Ciproflaxin, Gentamicin and Colistin and dessication, containing an outbreak is usually a hard task for the health authorities (Mayers, Lerner, Ouellette, and Sobel, 2009, p. 29). Besides requiring expensive drugs for its control, a lot of care needs to be taken to avoid further spread of the same. Research into its characteristics is also expensive, requiring a lot of equipment to isolate and test it. Since it also puts those inflicted by wounds at a higher level of infection, it is hard containing it in places with many injured people like wars. It also presents another hurdle in controlling it by causing diseases that have other causes. Unless keen investigation is undertaken, many lives would be lost while the wrong treatment is being administered (Bergogne-Berezin and Fewson, 1991, p. 119). It is thus a complex type of bacteria to deal with and its occurrence a most dreaded incidence. Diagnosis Diagnosis of the virus is done by several methods three of which shall be illustrated. The first is culturing where a sample of blood, urine or tissue undergoes a lab test under given conditions to determine its presence. It takes some to obtain results with this method. A second method is lumbar puncturing where a fluid from around the patient’s spinal cord is taken and tested. It usually reveals infections and presence of blood around the spinal cord. A third method is use of x-rays to determine if the lungs and the heart show any signs of pneumonia (Schlossberg, 2008, p. 87). The three tests could be done simultaneously if one isn’t satisfactory. Treatment With A.baumannii presenting pneumonia-like symptoms and being resistant to most first-line antibiotics, treating this type of bacteria is a hard and expensive task. Unless it is isolated and its presence confirmed, efforts made to contain it might prove to be mostly futile (Bowden, Ljungman, and Snydman, 2010, p. 28). Symptoms of its infection include skin blisters in orange patches, fever, a burning sensation during urination, chest pain, coughs and a stiff neck among others. A.baumannii has exhibited reduced motility in blue light. This photosensitivity could be harnessed to reduce ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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