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Malaria is a global health issue, compare and contrast the policies and practices used to deal with it in a developed and a dev - Essay Example

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Anti-malaria Policies and Practices in America and South Africa Name: Institution: ANTI-MALARIA POLICIES AND PRACTICES IN AMERICA AND SOUTH AFRICA Introduction Countries that suffer from the malaria pandemic are generally poor developing countries with the disease close to total eradication in the United States…
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Malaria is a global health issue, compare and contrast the policies and practices used to deal with it in a developed and a dev
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Download file to see previous pages The overall burden that malaria has on the economy of South Africa has forced the country to invest heavily on the management and eradication of malaria. This can be compared to the manner in which the United States was forced to counter the threat of malaria, especially in the south after the disease greatly affected workers and soldiers moving to work on American projects and wars abroad. Drug insusceptibility has been one of the greatest challenges to South Africa’s efforts to combat the disease since the 70s with Chloroquine, the most reliable drug until that point, losing its therapeutic and prophylactic value, as it has in most developing countries in the tropics. This has seen the country turn to drug combinations for a first line treatment weapon for therapeutic regimens. After losing the best measure for the protection of its citizens against infection, South Africa, was forced to look elsewhere, as well as case management, which is becoming more difficult. Malaria directly influences the economy of both countries. For the United States, the government uses a significant budgetary allocation to combat the disease in developing nations as part of its MDG promises while South Africa needs to protect its work force, especially in areas where labor-intensive mining is required. Foreign American employees need to be protected from the disease since their immunity to the disease is lower than that for those living in developing tropical countries (Crosse, 2006; p56). The United States Congress was presented, with a rationale to support the eradication of malaria around the world, arguing that the presence of malaria in developing nations imposed a tax increase on imported products. Additionally, conventional business-related concerns in malaria-affected countries assume many responsibilities for the US (Biscoe et al, 2010; p98). The eradication of malaria in South Africa has progressed at a much slower rate than it did in the US, which can be attributed to lack of funds and goodwill of the previous apartheid government. This paper seeks to compare and contrast the policies and practices taken by both countries in the eradication of malaria. For the US, where malaria is almost eradicated totally, the process of this eradication will be used (Casman & Dowlatabadi, 2012; p91). The criteria for malaria eradication in 1951 by the National Malaria Association was that, malaria could be assumed as totally eradicated in any given region where there has been no primary indigenous case for a period of 3 years. The definition has evolved since then with the term; elimination now used when there has been no malaria transmission occurring in the specific geographic region. Eradication has now been turned to mean the elimination of the pandemic around the world. The Office of Malaria Control in War Areas, the predecessor for the CDC, was established to limit malaria’s impact in 1942 during the Second World War, especially in military bases around the world, as well as its territories, where malaria still portended a risk. It was located in Atlanta since the south part of America had the highest rates of transmission of malaria (Davey, 2009; p23). In South Africa, Becton Dickinson and Company began their first malaria-related activity that was designed, as a means to develop devices for control in 1960. The program began when the then Apartheid government encouraged a ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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