Nobody downloaded yet

Malaria case management - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
WHO (2000) estimates that about one million people die annually in the world from malaria. Moreover, it is among the leading causes of illness in the globe, especially in tropical regions (WHO 2009). Although malaria infection is one of the leading causes of death in the world, it is treatable and manageable condition…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.8% of users find it useful
Malaria case management
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Malaria case management"

Download file to see previous pages Eradicating malaria in the world is one of the top priorities of global health organisations and is a key objective of attaining universal health related targets stipulated in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) (United Nations 2010). Consequently, both developed and developing countries have reinvigorated efforts to combat the disease that has remained a serious threat to health and wellbeing of people across the world for a long period. Currently, policies to control and prevent malaria infections form an important component of public health systems and primary care services play a pivotal role in their implementation. Some of malaria control and preventive measures include application of insecticide treated bed nets to prevent human contact with mosquitoes, indoor residual spraying with efficient insecticide and eradicating mosquito breeding habitats (Mathews 2011). Other measures include use of anti malarial drugs to treat the infection in all segments of affected population, including pregnant women and HIV/AIDS patients in addition to maintaining sustained malarial surveillance across the world (Mathews 2011). These policies have enhanced management and treatment of malaria in primary care service. However, before investigating impacts of government policies in management and treatment of the condition in primary care, it is important to explore the symptoms and causes of malaria and how they inform nursing practice. Causes and symptoms of malaria Malaria is a vector borne disease transmitted by female anopheles mosquito. The causative malarial parasite is a protozoan of genus plasmodium (MacDonald 1997). There are five major species of malarial parasites responsible for transmission of malaria. They include Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium knowlesi. However, plasmodium vivax and plasmodium falciparum are the most important causes of malaria infection in the world (MacDonald 1997). The initial symptoms of malaria infection are not specific and demonstrate remarkable resemblance to signs of a minor systemic viral disease (WHO 2009). The symptoms include fatigue, headache, fatigue and lassitude, normally followed by abdominal, muscle and joint pains. These symptoms are accompanied by fever, anorexia, chills, profuse sweating and vomiting. These signs are the major defining characteristics of malaria infection at the early stage (WHO 2009). People in regions where malaria is endemic are usually knowledgeable about these symptoms and consequently, incidences of self diagnosis are prevalent. Achan et al (2011) noted high incidents of malarial over diagnosis in primary care services especially in malaria endemic regions based on the demonstrated symptoms. According to Brieger (2009), the severity of malarial symptoms varies depending on the type of parasite involved. Infection by plasmodium vivax and plasmodium ovale demonstrates more pronounced symptoms of fever and chills than other malarial species. However, fatality rate at early malaria infection is rare but it increases when treatment is delayed and on prescription of ineffective drugs (Brieger 2009; WHO 2009). Delaying treatment of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Malaria case management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words”, n.d.)
Malaria case management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1454381-malaria-case-management
(Malaria Case Management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
Malaria Case Management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1454381-malaria-case-management.
“Malaria Case Management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1454381-malaria-case-management.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Malaria case management

Malaria

...? Malaria [Insert and Unit] Malaria Introduction One moment a person is fine, the next they complain of fatigue, paint in the joints, lethargy, and a slight headache. In a few hours time, they have fever approaching 39 degrees Celsius, have headache, joints are weak, hot flashes and may be accompanied by vomiting and loss of appetite. This is a classical case of malaria symptoms and if not treated within a few days, someone may die. Malaria is a disease common in the tropics and is transmitted by the female anopheles mosquito. It causes many deaths especially for infants or pregnant women. This article will discuss malaria as a human...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Malaria

...stage in which the head, spiracles-for breathing, larvae thorax, segmented abdomen, and mouth brushes for feeding are developed. At the pupae stage, which could last between 5 and 14 days, the head and the thorax merge to form the cephalothorax as the abdomen curves around underside. The adult stage is characterized by slender bodies composed of head, thorax and abdomen. Epidemiology According to the World Health Organization (WHO), of the 216 million reported cases of malaria in 2010, 655,000 deaths were reported, implying 2000 deaths due to malaria every day. Reportedly, most of the reported cases affected children of five years and below in age (Shah, 2010). The other...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Malaria

.... The paper also aims at exploring the efficacy of drugs for the treatment of various forms of malaria and the challenges ahead due to drug resistance developed by malarial parasites. Microbes Responsible for Malaria As such many microbes are responsible causing malaria; however, the important ones are plasmodium vivax and plasmodium falciparum causing malaria in most part of the world (World Malaria Report). Symptoms of Malaria Usual symptoms of malaria are shivering, fever, vomiting and headache and likely to appear only after a week or two after the mosquito bite. In case of cerebral...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Malaria

...). THE RECENT DISCOVERY It has just come to my knowledge that there was another genus of Plasmodium known as P. knowlesi. It was earlier recognized as the main cause of malaria. But the research later showed that it mostly infects the Macaques in Southeast Asia and humans to some extent. The malaria in this case spreads from animal to human. The animal was thought to be monkey which has been documented as a cause of human infections and deaths in the past. I also came by this fact that the malaria infected individual should not donate blood till three years. The blood bank follows the strict rules for accepting the donors who have been in the endemic area. The donor must...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Malaria

...the survival and number of mosquitos, such as humidity, temperature, and rainfall patterns. Also, human immunity is a critical factor in transmission of malaria. While virtually people who live in malaria-risk environment are at risk of getting malaria, there are specific population risk groups which include: young children, semi-immune and non-immune pregnant women, immigrants from endemic areas, international travellers particularly from non-endemic areas, and people with weak immunity. The symptoms of malaria include: headache, vomiting, chills, muscle pain and flu (Sinha, 2005). Statistics related to Malaria According to the World Health Organization...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Malaria

...? Malaria s I. History of Malaria a. Romans first called it mal aria, which means “bad air” In many parts of the world Malaria, remains a life threatening disease which are primarily caused by parasites that enter the body through mosquito bites. The disease is endemic in almost 107 countries. According to the reports of WHO, there were about 219 million cases of malaria in the year 2010 alone. “Malaria infection causes significant economic losses and can decrease gross domestic product (GDP) by as much as 1.3% in countries with high levels of transmission” (Jadhav et al,2012,p111). The existence of the disease can be traced back to the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Malaria

...? Biology: Malaria. of the institute: Clinical trial can be defined as a controlled test of any new drug or any innovative invasive medical device to be used by human beings. A clinical trial follows a well detailed plan and protocol. For example in United States, the clinical trial is generally conducted following the FDA directions and, it cannot be made available for clinical use unless they endorse it. Currently malaria clinical trial is very essential due to the problems and dangerousness of malaria amongst people (Isle, 2001). For this reason, I will not hesitate to be part of those who participate in a current clinical trial. This is because by being part of those who take the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Malaria

...Malaria Broadly speaking, malaria is one of the most pervasive diseases affecting world cultures. The disease occurs as direct result of mosquito infection. Specifically, the disease occurs in humans as they are affected by eukaryotic protists from the Plasmodium genus (Packard 2007). While malaria occurs through the world, its most prevalent areas of occurrence emerge in sub-tropical regions, particularly in the Americans, sub-Saharan Africa, and Asia. The predominance of occurrences in these areas is due to the manifestation of swampland and high mosquito populations that carry and spread the disease. There are many notable symptoms of malaria. In these regards, the...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper

MALARIA

...An Analysis on Malaria History of Malaria Malaria in a disease that is caused by four parasitic Protozoans species belonging to the genus Plasmodium. The disease is classified as vector-borne due to its transmission in vertebrates through bites from infected mosquitoes. The name Malaria was coined from the Medieval Italian ‘mala aria’ which translates to bad air. The name is due to the then belief that the disease was caused by bad smelling air. Researchers believe the disease has existed since the prehistoric times, infecting early primates. However, the first recorded symptoms of the disease were in 2700 BC in China written down in early Chinese medical texts. The disease was first effectively managed from the early 17th Century... and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Malaria

...Environmental Studies Malaria Where the human malaria disease originate from, has been the question revolving from decades. Has it originated from chickens or chimpanzees, this question has been revolving and in debate since half of the previous century. The most common parasite of malaria, taking the lives of over one million people per year is known as, Plasmodium falciparum. Most of the research regarding this parasite has been stated unclear. According to the investigators the variant of Plasmodium is found in chickens. It has also been argued that the malaria found in both humans and chimpanzees is co-related to the common ancestor, five to six million years ago. According the research of Wolfe team, the parasite that infects... ...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Malaria case management for FREE!

Contact Us