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Mental Disorders: The Canadian Situation - Essay Example

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Mental disorders are being seen among many people across the world. They have forced governments all over the world to spend a lot of money in an attempt to cure their citizens. There are many kinds of mental disorders affecting people today…
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Mental Disorders: The Canadian Situation
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Download file to see previous pages Canada is one of the countries that have been experiencing high rates of mental disorders. As a result, they have had many effects on economic, social, and political development of Canada. Consequently, Canadian government has been dedicated towards preventing and curing mental disorders, though with little success. However, it is due to this fact that this study is aimed at studying the situation of mental disorders in Canada.
Introduction
A mental disorder, also referred to as mental illness, refers to a psychological pattern or abnormality replicated potentially in behavior that is connected generally with anguish or disability and which is not viewed as a section of ordinary growth of an individual’s culture. Mental disorders are described in general by a mixture of how an individual feels, recognizes, does something or thinks. Mental disorders have caused 11% of the disease burden worldwide and have affected many Canadians. Classified as changes in mood, thinking and behavior, mental illnesses affect the proper emotional functioning of a person, which may also result in restrictions to social and physical wellbeing. In Canada, one in five people faces a serious mental or behavioural disorder at some point in their lives. A recent study showed that 2.2 million Canadians over 15 years old experienced such problems over the period of one year. That is more than 10 per cent of the general population. Their disorders included major depression, mania disorder, anxiety disorders, or issues with alcohol or other drugs (Caron & Liu, 2010).There are several categories of mental illnesses including affective disorders, anxiety disorders, childhood conditions, eating disorders, mental retardation, personality disorders, and schizophrenia and substance use disorders.
Causes of Mental Disorders in Canada It is suggested by research that mental disorders are the outcome of a multifaceted interaction of biological, generic, personality and environmental factors. Nevertheless, the brain is the last ordinary way for the control of behavior, anxiety, mood and cognition. At this juncture, the connections between certain brain dysfunction and mental disorders are not comprehended fully. Nearly all mental disorders are found to be highly ordinary in close family members of an individual with a mental disorder, suggesting a genetic background to the illness. There is research proof in some occasions suggesting that certain genetic factors affecting brain chemistry facilitate the beginning and development of mental disorders (Langlois et al., 2012). Nevertheless, there is also growing proof that lasting changes in brain function can take place in response to environmental factors such as experiences of traumatic or chronic stress, stimulation, or different types of deprivation, i.e., the interaction between brain biology and live occurrence seems to function both ways. Biological and psychosocial factors affect rates of mental disorders. The beginning or recurrence of a mental disorder can be precipitated by environmental factors like family situation, the socio-economic status of the person and workplace pressures. Choices of the lifestyle such as substance abuse, and learned patterns of thought and behavior can influence the beginning, course and result of mental disorder. Langlois et al. (2012) assert that the interaction of physical and mental disorde ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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