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Response phase - Essay Example

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Responding To Disasters Name Institution Course Date Responding To Disasters Introduction Every society which includes, groups, communities, individuals and organization are usually and occasionally in unexpected ways exposed to disasters. There are different kinds of disasters including the natural ones that are beyond human explanations like earthquakes, storms and volcanic explosions, industrial accidents or the technological failures like structure collapse, widespread power outages and explosions…
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Response phase
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Responding To Disasters Responding To Disasters Introduction Every society which includes, groups, communities, individuals and organization are usually and occasionally in unexpected ways exposed to disasters. There are different kinds of disasters including the natural ones that are beyond human explanations like earthquakes, storms and volcanic explosions, industrial accidents or the technological failures like structure collapse, widespread power outages and explosions. There are other kinds of disasters that are started by human beings like riots and terrorism making the normal society functionality be disturbed. For years, people have slowly developed efficient means of dealing with and survive disasters by coming up with precise emergency management procedures. There are different groups that have volunteered to help people in times of disaster like the UN and the Red Cross organization by providing basic needs to the casualties around the world. Earthquake a natural disaster has hit a school that caters for more than 3000 students in California and the superintendent is required to respond to the disaster, make decisions on what is to be done and ascertain that the students and their families are taken care of for more than 4 days. In order to understand the different issues of disasters and their impact to different society, researchers have come up with different phases of emergency management (. Spens & Gyongi, 2011). The first approach that the superintendent should take to ensure that the school does not turn into chaos is mitigation. This is the foundation of emergency management or response which is a continuous process supposed to lessen the effects that the disaster had on people and property. The response management is required to ensure that no or only few people are in danger, and everyone receives basic needs that they require. The superintendent should ensure that each family stays together so that it would be easy to locate everyone. Ensuring that there are fire retardant materials in the right places is also an emergency procedure especially in this situation where there is gas leak causing fire in various rooms. Resources required could be fire extinguishers, food, and sleeping material for the affected families such as blankets. The larger rooms like the gym and the cafeteria should be used as sleeping places for different families. Mitigation also includes using the available resources to help survive the disaster. The families should also try to cooperate with people assisting and understand that it is a society disaster, and they should stick together to survive. Preparedness is the next response to disaster where people should be well-informed of what to expect on the next few days of disaster. Like the families will not enjoy the luxury they do from their homes, and there are times where they will have to forego some things so as to get through the situation safely (Lennquist, 2012). The adults should be trained on the emergency procedures that they should do in the event that situations get worse. They should be advised on what to tell their children in case of emotional panic, and also be provided with basic first aid kits so that the superintendent does not have to be doing every single thing to hundreds of people. The students and their families should also be prepared if the situation does not get better in few days and the measures they should take. The other phase is the prevention phase which is a response where the superintendent takes actions to save more people possible and prevent further damages. The attending should ask for assistance from the male adults with fixing the leaking gas while the ladies should ensure that families get enough meals and other basic needs (Haddow & Haddow, 2009). The phase also includes asking for help from various organization and communities for damage assessment and the rescue mission. Recovery is the final thing in response where the society has to go back to their normal lives. The injured should get medical care, those who lost their homes should be given people who will help them repair and restore their homes. The state and local government should also be informed of the families that had been staying in the school when the disaster occurred so as to provide them with required facilities to get back to their lives. Conclusion There are disasters that even the state government cannot be able to respond to but if the society decides to work together through they can survive the disaster. The earlier they accept that disasters do occur some beyond human abilities the much prepared they will be to deal with them. References Spens, ,. K., & Gyongi, K. (2011). Relief Supply Chain for Disasters: Humanitarian, Aid and Emergency Logistics. Chicago: Idea Group Inc (IGI). Haddow, ,. K., & Haddow, G. D. (2009). Disaster Communications in a Changing Media World. Chicago: Butterworth-Heinemann. Lennquist, S. (2012). Medical Response to Major Incidents and Disasters: A Practical Guide for All . California: Springer. Read More
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