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Chapters question for Essentials of Health Behavior, Social and Behavioral Theory in Public Health book Mark Edberg - Essay Example

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Essentials of Health Behavior, Social, and Behavioral Theory in Public Health Chapter 8 2. Community interventions are the broader, multilevel decisions used to address situations in the community. On the other hand, interventions in a community are those decisions that are more targeted hence narrower…
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Chapters question for Essentials of Health Behavior, Social and Behavioral Theory in Public Health book Mark Edberg
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Download file to see previous pages Community interventions thus aim at reducing disparities. Community interventions include programs such as reducing number of smokers in the community. Intervention processes include community mobilization through channels such as public education and mass media campaigns (Edberg 93-94). Interventions in the community target individuals or a group that is at risk. The changes may be great but affect a small subset of the community that is often at risk as compared to that affected by community intervention. Intervention in the community program may include those of people with HIV. The programs involve processes such as development of role models and distribution of role model stories (Edberg 95-95). 5. An intervention can be kept going by developing the intervention program based on the understanding of aspects such as the nature and shape of the health problem in the group or community. Additionally, the intervention should be extremely inclusive of the target community, relevant to the community, making use of language and material that are relevant to the community involved. Additionally scheduling should be done appropriately to ensure that members of the target population participate in the program (Edberg 98-99). Sustainability refers to connecting the program with the community so that the community is able to run the program even after the external funding is finished. This could be by enabling them to link with other sources of funding or by increasing the capacity of the community to carry on the program (Edberg 99). Chapter 9 3. Some of the political issues likely to affect implementation of school based health promotion program include objections from the school board that might be unwilling to approve the program. It might be challenging to convince the school authority to consider such a program as a priority due to the great demands the school needs to meet. Another challenge would be convincing other school personnel to participate in the program (Edberg 104). 4. Connection between the school and the communities that might affect the type of program (and theory) selected include the level of community involvement in running of the school, level of poverty and the nutrition status of the families in the community. Other connection includes existence of barriers to education, which may be financial, language or resources (Edberg 105). Some of the connections between work places and the communities that might affect the type of program (and theory) selected include the local economy, the cost of health insurance, globalism and competition which affect the wages of employees (Edberg 107). Chapter 10 4. Formative research help in selection and use of theory for communication campaign since it enables collection of information regarding the participants. The theoretical information collected helps in identification of communication channels, the applicable message, the themes to focus on, and the kind of spokesperson to involve in the campaign. By understanding the kind of audience, you are dealing with and their level of knowledge on the health issue, you can plan on the appropriate presentation methodology or the theories to refer to during the campaigns (Edberg 117). 5. Diffusion innovations theory involves changing the public norms resulting in change in behaviors among a particular group. In case of Obesity-related communications campaign case, exercise (as a behavior) would be diffused among adults and youth by making ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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