Occupational therapy, which is also known as OT, is a form of holistic health care job which aims at promoting health by enabling the individuals, particularly the sick patients, to perform meaningful as well as purposeful activities all throughout their lives…
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Stroke is a cerebravascular disorder that affects the central nervous system. The stroke victims need care not only in their physical activities but they are also bound in their psychological requirements. It is here that the occupational therapist can help the victim. Stroke Definition and Features Stroke is a disease which is preventable. Stroke is defined, as per the World Health Organization, to be a clinical syndrome consisting of “rapidly developing clinical signs of focal (at times global) disturbance of cerebral function, lasting for more than 24 hours leading to death with no apparent cause other than that of vascular origin” (Stroke Diagnosis, 2008, p. 6). There are two primary forms of stroke which are ischemic and hemorrhagic ones (Durstine, 2008, p. 248). In an ischemic stroke the blood vessel gets blocked generally by a blood clot that results in a region of the brain to be deprived of oxygen and causing it to stop functioning. Ischemic strokes have resulted in 80% of all the known cases of strokes. A hemorrhagic stroke takes place if a blood vessel, which carries oxygen and other nutrients to the brain, bursts causing blood to spill into the brain. A transient ischaemic attack (TIA) is a form of stroke attack which symptoms and signs get resolved within 24 hours (Stroke Diagnosis, 2008, p. 6). ...
The physical impairments can be in the form of difficulty in standing straight, maintaining balance, co-ordination in their body movements, etc. Similarly, there are cognitive and sensory problems. The patients can lose their memory at any time of the day. These can affect their daily activities such as forgetting things in a place and having difficulty in recollecting it. The difficulty to stand straight makes them very vulnerable as they need constant support here. Problems arise in their communications too. The patients might not be able to convey their needs clearly because of speech impairments. Cognitive impairments can be in the form where the patient loses the sense of worth (Brooks, 2000). These factors can affect the occupational performances of the persons such as moving from one place to another, picking up things, bending down or forwards, raising hands and many other functions. The sensory and the cognitive impairments can make the victims become impatient and irritable. They might lose their patience on slight occasions and may even become stubborn sometimes. The patients may start feeling depressed and low because of their cognitive effects which can prompt the patient to become more reclusive in nature. These can affect their occupational performances as they lose their acceptability with other people because of the symptoms. Model and Frame of References That Can Be Used by OT Occupational therapists practice different theoretical frameworks for framing their practice. A few of them are: Models Person Environment Occupation Performance Model (PEOP) – This model highlights the complexities observed in the person-occupation-environment. It is important as it implies the
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“Occupational Therapy Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1458188-written-assignment.
MDD is a condition that disables its victim’s health, eating and sleeping habits, school and work life, as well as family. Approximately 4% of victims end up committing suicide, while 65% of those committing suicide suffered from MDD or some other form of mood disorder (Beck, 2009).
With the use of various forms of treatments, they help to develop, restore and maintain their patient’s daily living and work skills. Their main goal is to help clients have productive, independent and fulfilling lives. Some of the duties performed by occupational therapist include; help patients to undertake physical exercise, basic motor function, use adoptive equipment among other duties (American Occupational Therapy Association, 2004).
Even as these individuals foregrounded the cognitive-behavioral hybrid, it’s important to note that cognitive behavioral therapy is the combination of two earlier psychological theories that had previously believed to be exclusionary. Aaron Beck is widely credited with being the founder of cognitive behavioral therapy.
Quadriplegia is considered complete when sensory and motor function below the level of injury is completely absent (Lightbody, 1998). In this type of injury, there is damage to ascending sensory (spinothalamic) and descending motor (lateral and ventral corticospinal) tracts of the spinal cord resulting in motor and sensory dysfunction.
Sensory integration (SI) is a specialty field of occupational treatment that is based on more than forty years of theory and research. The expression sensory integration refers to: The manner the brain systematizes sensations for involvement in occupation (Bundy, Lane & Murray, 2002); A hypothesis founded on neuroscience that gives perspective for understanding the sensory scopes of human conduct; A model for appreciating the means in which sensation influences development; Assessments comprising standardized assessments, organized observation, and teacher or parent interviews that recognize patterns of SI dysfunction; Intervention approaches that improves information processing, praxis, and
As the report stresses societal change is alterations or changes that are witnessed in beliefs, actions and cultural values of people within a specific society. As a dynamic existence of human, societies change from time and again and this leads to the creation of lasting effects on the cultural beliefs and practices of the people.
Nevertheless, within practice settings and specialty areas there are varying representations of occupational therapy practice and different aspects of the OT process may take priority. Occupational therapy aims to improve a person’s productivity and usefulness in spite of any physical dysfunction of psychosocial disorder.
There are numerous therapists in the continuum of the health care especially in settings like the rehabilitation facilities, hospitals, home care and nursing facilities. The therapy focuses on the activities