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Polycyctic Ovarian Syndrome - Essay Example

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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Name University Name Introduction: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is also referred as Stein-Leventhal Syndrome. It generally occurs in women reflecting hormonal problems that result in different symptoms. In this small cysts are formed in the ovaries…
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Download file to see previous pages The present study focuses on an understanding of the etiology, treatment options and coding of PCOS. PCOS: Etiology: The major cause of PCOS is hormonal imbalance within the body of a woman that is supported by obesity associated with resistance of insulin in the body. Resistance of insulin has been obtained as the prime cause of the disease of disorder. However the symptoms of the disorder vary among different women. The different symptoms of the syndrome include “irregular or completely absent periods, ovarian cysts, Hirsutism (excessive facial or body hair), Alopecia (male pattern hair loss), obesity, acne, skin tags, Acanthosis Nigricans (brown skin patches), high cholesterol levels, exhaustion or lack of mental alertness, decreased sex drive, excess male hormones, and infertility” (What Causes PCOS?, n.d.). Also symptoms like sleep apnea (breathing difficulties during sleeping), thyroid disorders and depression and anxiety are associated with PCOS (What Causes PCOS?, n.d.). The British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology had released a study in 2000 where it focused on the relation between PCOS and resistance of insulin. ...
Excess growth in body hair, baldness like men, and acne are certain symptoms that reflect the higher levels of testosterone in the body (What Causes PCOS?, n.d.). PCOS: Treatment Options: In general for diagnosis and treatment of PCOS, a physician considers all the physical symptoms that might arise, including the abnormality of periods, the excess weight of body, and the presence of any other diseases of hormonal disorders like thyroid. Tests of glucose and insulin are also conducted. In regard to treatments, it has been now obtained that the traditional methods prove to be difficult as well as expensive to follow. Moreover it has been obtained that the success obtained through the traditional methods is limited. Hence newer techniques have been developed and are in use for treatment. Treatments for infertility include diets for losing weight, medications for ovulations, drilling surgery on ovary and IVF. The ovulation medications include clomiphene,letrozole, Follistim, and Gonal-F. Anti androgen medication is also a part of the treatment process that includes birth control pills, spironolactone, flutamide or finasteride (Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome With Insulin Lowering Medications, 2007). Endocrine abnormalities in women owing to the PCOS can be treated with insulin lowering therapy. “The therapy reduces hirsutism, obesity, blood pressure, triglyceride levels, elevated blood clotting factors and facilitates reestablishment of the normal pituitary ovarian cycle, thus often allowing resumption of normal ovulatory cycles and pregnancy (Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome With Insulin Lowering Medications, 2007)”. Since the syndrome is associated with other risks of heart and body organs, these therapies enable cure and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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