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Health Sciences and Medicine Policy - Essay Example

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HEALTH SCIENCES AND MEDICINE POLICY Identified Policy HIV, STD and Pregnancy Prevention Education are a State School Health Policy that seeks to address issues of sexual health in schools. Some of the core issues the policy seeks to address include issues of HIV, sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy…
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Health Sciences and Medicine Policy
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Download file to see previous pages This is because the youth forms larger percentage of the population and also act as the future hope for continuing the running of national affairs (State School Database, 2012). Target Group The population of the policy was given a very wide scope and that was teenagers. However, the target group of the policy; and in other words the sample size of the policy were reduced to teenagers in various high schools and middle schools. Because the policy was a State specific program, State Schools were targeted for the implementation of the policy. There were a number of factors considered in selecting State Schools as the site for the study. First, it would be noted that accessibility to people of the population group was very high if State Schools were targeted. With a literacy rate exceeding 89% (Ellis, 2008), it was expected that a lot of teenagers would be captured as part of the policy if State Schools were targeted. Secondly, the school was identified to be a setting that has several stakeholders for making national programs of this nature very efficient and effective. Examples of these stakeholders are parents and teachers, who were all targeted by the policy makers and given special roles to play in ensuring the success of the policy. Enactment of the Policy Reports from the national census database on the increasing rates of sexual health cases such as HIV, STDs and pregnancy among school children; especially the adolescents was the major event that led to the proposal of the HIV, STD and pregnancy prevention education policy (Fredman, 2001). As part of the policy proposal and subsequent enactment of the policy, several efforts were enacted to make the dream a reality. For example, there was a State to State brainstorming exercise to sample as many views from stakeholders as possible. The brainstorming was followed by a draft formation process whereby the general involvement in the process was reduced to a substantial number. The drafting was done by a group of health and legal experts on how to ensure that the enactment of the policy achieved both its target of preventing sexual health related incidences. The involvement of legal experts was necessary because the policy was going to be implemented at a national level and thus it was prudent to ensure that there was no infringement of legal requirements (Waddington & Hendriks, 2002). Public awareness on the policy was initiated after the final whitepaper on the policy was passed into law. Awareness creation involved several schools based campaigns as well as state media publicities that targeted children of school going age. Inclusion Consent As indicated earlier, the policy was enacted through schools because of a purposive agency to have the inclusion of parents and teachers as stakeholders in the promotion of the health and welfare of children. This not withstanding, there was a nationwide sensitization activities to draw the attention of parents to the fact there was going to such policies that would automatically involve their wards in State Schools. In light of this, policy makers did not need specialized permission to be sought from parents in including their wards. Moreover, greater component of the policy is incorporated into the school’ ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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