Introduction In Australia, mental health care has assumed a greater significance in the health care industry as the number of people with mental disorders is increasing day by day. The Australian Bureau of Statistics (2007, p. 7), in its National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing, has identified that one in five Australians is likely to experience mental illness in any year…
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In fact, the Australian Institute of Criminology has identified the health industry to be the most violent industry in the country, with registered nurses (RNs) recording the second highest number of violence-related workers compensation claims in year 1995 and 1996, ranking even higher than prison and police officers (Deans, 2004, p. 14). Patient violence on mental health care professionals not only leads to staff sickness and absenteeism but also to various psychological and mental distresses. Specific psychological problems include depression, anxiety, isolation, trauma (LeFlore & Bell, 2007, p. 147), post-traumatic stress disorders, loss of confidence, anger, fear, loss, distrust, and guilt (Whittington & Wykes, 1992; Doughty, 2005, p. 1). Understandably, these problems would adversely affect the therapeutic alliance between patients and HCPs (Watts & Morgan, 1994, p. 14; LeFlore & Bell, 2007, p. 147). In addition, this will also prevent optimal staff recruiting and retention of employees within the hospital (Doughty, 2005, p. 1). In a survey conducted by Duxbury & Whittington (2005, p. 469) on 80 mentally ill patients and 82 HCPs in three inpatient mental healthcare wards, it was found that that the patients regarded the poor facilities and communication as the two significant factors behind violence, whereas the nurses identified that the patients’ mental illness was the root cause for the violence. On the other hand, according to Glick and Fishkind (2008, p.117), the risk of violence in psychiatric care facilities include lower staff-to-patient ratio, higher percentage of female HCPs, and presence of staff without specific training in psychiatry or agression. The United States Department of Labor (2004, p. 7) also recognizes the lack of staff training as partly causing hostile and assaultive behavior of patients. Currently, the intervention strategies used to curb violence include stress management, rehabilitation of staff victims and providing them a work environment that is not conducive to violent behavior (Warshaw & Messite, 1996, p. 993). Stathopoulou (2003, p. 4) suggested that the preventive measures on violence towards health care professionals should focus on three areas: hospital organization, arrangement of the physical environment, and staff training and development. Significance of the study With the increasing number of psychiatric patients, the potential for occupational violence for HCPs in psychiatric facilities is on the rise as well. The adverse effects of these incidents on work performance and retention of employees make it imperative for health institutions to provide effective means to prevent and manage aggression from psychiatric patients. Theoretical framework for the research methodology Figure 1. Theoretical framework for this research study This research proposal predicts that providing appropriate knowledge regarding the management and prevention of violent behavior from psychiatric patients through training equips the HCPs the ability to protect themselves from the potential physical and psychological effects of aggressive behavior from their patients, and subsequently allows them to perform to the best of their abilities. Ultimately, the health institutions with trained HCPs benefit from increased work performance
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Even in the present era wherein there is a continuous development and improvement of the health care services, the violence being faced by health care professionals specifically the nurses is one of the main concerns in the medical field.
The research paper examines the factors involved in the occurrence of violence among mental health patients with which various forms of assaults have been reported towards mental health care workers. It also studies the physical and psychological effects of violence caused by mental health patients on health care professionals in the workplace.
The researcher of this study showed that both the patients as well as the nurses were also dissatisfied with the way violence and aggression has been managed. The researchers identified staff training in the use of fundamental therapeutic communication skills as the potential solution to this interpersonal tension.
Maurer and Smith further project the notion that public health aspect of a society reinforces and promotes procedure and guidelines of preventing the spread of disease and enhancing the living standards of the citizens in matters of health (123). Some of these laws shape the whole profession of nursing.
“Some 2 million American workers are victims of workplace violence each year” (What is Workplace Violence, p.1). Workplace violence can be defined as the violence happens at the workplace between employees or between employees and the employers. It can occur due to industrial disputes, conflicts between the employees, competition between different trade unions, different political or cultural ideologies of the employees and the employers.
This paper discus the impacts of this epidemic to the women who suffer violence, fetuses and developing children. The paper also describes the duties of a nurse as well as would be nurse towards the domestic violence sufferers in preventing and early intervention of domestic violence.
To give a background of this problem and show the enormity of the issue, I will give an experience we encountered once during the line of duty some five years ago, which underlines the reason I have picked this topical issue of violence in nursing. In an instance bordering insanity, a patient almost killed one of my fellow nurses by strangulation five years ago.
Consequences A. Effects of bullying on health B. Effects of bullying on work place environment C. Effect of bullying socially IV. Action taken A. Act taken by an Individual 1) Victims assertiveness 2) Change communication language B. Act taken by facilities 1) Build awareness 2) Training 3) Counseling V.
Table of Contents Abstract 2 Introduction 4 Thoughts and Feelings about Therapeutic Communication 5 Pros and Cons of Therapeutic Communication 6 Conclusion 7 Reference List 8 Introduction Psychiatric/Mental health nursing is committed to the promotion of mental health through the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of mental health problems and disorders (Patel and Jakopac, 2012, p.
One in every four women will experience domestic violence in her lifetime” (Domestic Violence Facts, 2009, p.1). Domestic violence may occur in many forms, such as physical attack, emotional attack, psychological attack and verbal attack. It may cause family problems, individual problems and social problems.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
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