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Name Instructor Course Date Introduction According to Puckett, laughter therapy is also known as humor therapy. It implies the use of humor to promote the health and well-being of a person. Laughter therapy utilizes the natural physiological process of humor to relieve both emotional and physical discomforts in a person…
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It decreases anxiety and stress hormones in a patient, helping them gain physical and mental relieve from laughter. The therapy leads to increased number of natural killer cells; a very important component in the strengthening of the immune system .This increases the immunity response in a person, which in turn increases the body’s ability to resist diseases (Kataria, 1 & Krychman 244). The therapeutic goal of laughter therapy is to improve the patient’s quality of life, physiological and emotional health through relaxation and stress reduction, and to relief the patient from constant symptoms of pain. Laughter is used as a complementary therapy for patients in various medical circumstances. It is also used as part of support programs for patients and therefore provides a means of communication between patients, their doctors and caregivers. Moreover, laughter serves as an icebreaker that allows the patients to convey their feelings and ideas that are almost impossible to express in other ways (Cassileth, 198-199). Art therapists are specialists who are professionally trained to facilitate art therapeutically. The role of the therapists is to facilitate laughter in their clients by helping them find ways of playing with their pain that work for them and assist them to keep the process moving (Junkins, 1). These art therapists use a variety of therapeutic strategies in their profession in order to make their patients laugh. Moreover, they incorporate counseling in their profession. Some of the therapeutic strategies used include pet therapy and music therapy. Pet therapy involves the patient spending his/her leisure activities with a pet. The pet can be a cat or a dog, among others. This helps to improve the general health of the patient. Music therapy on the other hand involves the use of classical music that helps to relax the mind of the patient. Music and humour is pleasant to the ear and penetrates deap to the heart and soul. Beautiful voices will sooth and thrill the patient (Krychman, 244). The aim of a laughter therapist is to help the patient laugh more easily. However, not all people find it easy to laugh. Therefore, therapy comes in sessions where the therapist starts with a session of warm-up, followed by several activities that initiate laughter to the patient. Whether real or fake, the laughter will have the same beneficial effect to the patient's body because the body does not differentiate between the two. Although therapy is suitable and important for everyone, it is mostly used in the healthcare profession as one of the means of relieving stress. According to research, laughter therapy is most beneficial to mental health patients, the elderly and young people under care. Laughter therapy leaves the patients being exhausted and as well elated. The whole exercise boosts oxygen levels in the blood. However, laughter therapy can have negative effects on patients suffering from hemorrhoids, hernias, glaucoma. Patients who might have had recent surgeries may also be negatively affected, as well as pregnant women. Therefore, people under such conditions should seek medical advice before engaging themselves in laughter therapy (Guardian.co.uk, 1). Scientific research has proven that laughter is both therapeutic and preventive. Reports about positive mental attitude, increased energy levels and improved health status have been given because of laughter
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...Art Therapy for Children What is art therapy? Art therapy started as a form of therapy in the late 1930s when children’s drawings were used for psychological assessments. Human figure drawings became more and more used in the 1940s to assess and diagnose children with neurotic and conduct disorders. To this day children’s drawings are used to an extent as part of the diagnostic assessment. The increasing usefulness of drawing as a way to help children express their emotions has led to the development of art therapy.
Art therapy is the process whereby a professional relationship develops between client and therapist through the therapeutic use of art making. The process involves the making of the art, discussing it together...
...Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Psychosis
The recent decades have witnessed a dramatic turnaround in mental health care approaches towards the psychological therapy for severe and enduring mental illness. While, previously, numerous psychiatrists and psychologists alike were distrustful regarding the likelihood of treating psychotic patients aside from drug remedy, the recent years have seen significant advances in the psychological therapy for delusions and other indications formerly believed to be the spasms of a severely disordered brain. The sources of these developments can be drawn from previous experiments; for instance, the Skinnerian psychologists’ simple behaviour modification programmes introduced...
...Embodiment in Art Therapy The body is never simply a physical object but always an embodiment of consciousness. Furthermore we cannot discuss the body without
having a central concern for intentions: the object, outside world is
always connected to my body in terms of my bodys actions or potential
actions on them. To perceive the world is to reflect upon possible actions
of my body and the world (Turner, 1996, the body and society: Explorations
in social theory, p. 78).
Understanding the body and how it works within therapy is a difficult situation for many because of the way that the Western world perceives the disconnection between mind, body and spirit. If you are born in the Western world you are used...
... Gestalt therapy grew out of Gestalt psychology because of the work of Frederick “Fritz” Perls. Perls believed that the individual must look at their own life and see how it was working or not working for them. Gestalt psychologists were the first to understand that it was important to look at the whole person and that the unconscious part of that person was very important. They believed that the Behaviorists were missing the truth of what man would become. This research paper is a study of the history of Gestalt psychology and its influence on Gestalt therapy. It provides insight into what the individual may need to understand when dealing with therapy issues.
The Emergence of Gestalt Therapy from Gestalt Psychology
... Alternative Therapy for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is often treated with anti-inflammatory medications and prescribed
pharmaceuticals. Many patients are using alternative therapies to control their
symptoms and disease of rheumatoid arthritis instead of using pharmaceuticals.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic and progressive autoimmune disorder. It is distinguishable from other types of arthritis because of its symmetrical pattern. This means that it affect joints on both sides of the body. RA may also have a systemic effect on the body, effecting vital organs such as the skin, eyes, lungs, heart, blood, nerves, and kidneys. The classic symptoms of RA are swelling, stiffness...
...Animal Assisted Therapy
Pets help inmates in correctional facilities and juvenile offenders to learn empathy and compassion. Dogs can help reluctant readers read. Seniors have discovered that a properly socialized pet can help them maintain independent living. In short, wherever people have special needs, someone with creativity and an animal with the proper temperament can probably create an imaginative way to being pets and people together for mutual benefit (Welcome to the World of Animal-Assisted Therapy and Animal-Assisted Activities)
Animal Assisted Therapy is gaining popularity at present because of the utility of pet animals in improving health conditions of patients. “Animal assisted therapy can be defined as the utilization...
...Rational-Emotive Behaviour Therapy Theory
Rational emotive theory developed over the years changing names. The theory was initially called the rational therapy and rational emotional therapy but later changed to what is now called the Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Theory (REBT) (Collard & O'Kelly, 2011). The theory was developed by Albert Ellis in 1956, a one- time psychoanalyst. Ellis is known to have observed that when patients changed their beliefs about themselves, the problems they face and the world, they tended to improve more quickly (Dryden, 2003).
The fundamental premise of the theory is based on the fact that almost all emotions and behaviors are caused by what people believe about the situations...
The pulmonary complications are the most frequent in mortality and morbidity in critically ill patients. Studies by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement have had to find that the ventilator-associated pneumonia is leading to the cause of hospital morbidity and mortality. Nurses have even had to implement a two-hour turning of patients in order that they prevent the complications. Despite the continued use of such strategies, there has been no significant improvement in the effectiveness of pulmonary complications. As part of the progressive mobility, the Continuous Lateral Rotation Therapy (CLRT) has been in use in order to reduce the pulmonary complications that have had to result from immobility. The therapy was through c...
An Audit to Measure the Effectiveness of an NRT (nicotine-replacement therapy) scheme in a Community Pharmacy
Modern researches related to tobacco smoking, quitting and cessation are facing the greatest challenge of which is the most convenient and effective therapy to adopt. Consequently, Nicotine Replacement therapy is at the centre of the discussions with the crucial question being its effectiveness, especially for long-term smoking cessation (Woolacott 2002).
Nicotine Replacement Therapy, also known as NRT, strives to prevent the dire craving for tobacco usually exhibited by addicts and as a result, enabling the smoker to abstain from smoking. It is expected that after sometime, the addict or smoker will quit smoking...
... on an “index incident” (Watzke et al, 2010, p. 99). Taking into account this concern, it is of vital significance to grasp possible incidents following termination of cure, and to adopt - for a quite extended follow-up phase - the usual cause of the disorder. Particularly, epidemiologic study has provided suitable information for the usual cause of depressive disorder, and supported by this study, a “two-year a three-year follow-up” (Watzke et al, 2010, p. 101) phase was advised to disentangle healing effects from the usual way of depressive disorder.
On the other hand, it is an observation that nowadays, several learners as well as professionals of psychology are acquainted with the theories and therapies (Northcut & Heller, 1999, p. 99...
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