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Water: An Overlooked Essential Nutrient - Essay Example

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Water is a chemical made up of the formulation of two molecules of hydrogen and one molecule of oxygen. It comes in liquid form and generally covers a huge percentage of the earth. It also makes up a significant part of the human anatomy. …
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Water: An Overlooked Essential Nutrient

Download file to see previous pages... It is considered a universal solvent and its health benefits have generally been acknowledged by health experts. This paper shall compare and discuss the value of water in terms of hydration. It shall compare water, Gatorade, and Powerade based on the following points: daily recommendations, nutrient content, varieties/sources, cost, advantages of consumption (including research reviews), safety levels, and disadvantages of consumption (including research reviews). Concluding remarks shall summarize and establish a general conclusion for these three substances. This paper is being undertaken in order to establish a comparative understanding of three liquid drinks based on specific parameters and to establish a basis for recommendations in their use. Body Daily recommendations There are different recommendations on adequate water daily intake, the most common being the intake of at least eight glasses of water a day. Due to constant water loss from our body through breathing, perspiring, urinating, and bowel movements, the body also needs to replenish its water supply (Mayo Clinic, 2012). The Institute of Medicine recommends that sufficient water intake for men is at about three liters daily or 13 cups of water a day, and for women, they recommend at least 2.2 liters or 9 cups a day (Mayo Clinic, 2012). ...
atorade is at 6 to 8 percent carbohydrate solution or 6 grams of carbohydrate per 100 mL of fluids; this is equal to 14 grams of carbohydrates per 8 fluid ounce servings (Turcotte, 2011). As for Powerade, which is recommended for high intensity exercises, the daily recommended intake is much even much less compared to water and to Gatorade. The intake is also based on the person’s energy needs. Based on an average adult diet of 8700 kj, the daily recommended and maximum intake of Powerade is at 2 cans per day (Powerade, 2011). For best effects, the consumption of one can of Powerade before sports or exercise is recommended (Powerade, 2011). Nutrient content The World Health Organization (2005) discusses that water contains the following nutrients: calcium, sodium, Chlorine, Iron, Zinc, Copper, Cromium, Cobalt, Carbon monoxide, molybdenum, and selenium. These are nutrients essential for human health. Depending on the source and the processing which water undergoes, other nutrients may be present or absent in the water (WHO, 2005). As for Gatorade, as this drink is meant to replace lost electrolytes, it is packed with more nutrients and power nutrients than water. One Gatorade serving which is about 32 ounces has 50 calories, 0 grams of total fat, 110 milligrams of sodium, which is 5% above the daily recommended value (Turcotte, 2011). One serving of Gatorade also has 30 mg of potassium which is 1% of the daily value, and it also has 14 grams of carbohydrates, mostly from sugar (Turcotte, 2011). As for Powerade, it has 25 grams of carbohydrate per 300 mL serving, 20 g of sucrose, 83 mg of sodium, 42 mg of potassium, and 96 mg of caffeine (Powerade, 2011). These nutrients give Powerade more energy boosting power as compared to water and Gatorade. Varieties/sources There ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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