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H.I.V. has had the largest impact on history - Essay Example

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The Global Impact of HIV HIV has killed more than 25 million people since its arrival in the early 1980s, and over 30 million people are currently infected by the virus today (WHO, 2011). The World Health Organization (WHO) considers the HIV virus to be a pandemic (WHO, 2011), suggesting that it is evidently having a huge global impact on the world…
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H.I.V. has had the largest impact on history
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Download file to see previous pages By doing this, it will become evident that HIV has had the largest impact on global history for a number of reasons, not least the huge number of people it affects and infects daily (Libman et al, 2007). HIV/AIDS The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a destructive chronic infection which eventually leads to the breakdown of the immune system known as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (Libman et al, 2007). HIV infections can be spread in a number of ways, although this is most commonly through sexual intercourse, intravenous drug use and mother-child transmission (Libman et al, 2007). Blood transfusions also used to be a huge risk, although the systematic screening in many developed countries has dramatically decreased the number of people infected via this route (Libman et al, 2007). HIV infection goes through a number of stages before the infected individual is classified as having AIDS, each of which has its own symptoms. The individual is infectious from the early stages of the infection, which is part of the reason that HIV is so transmissible and so dangerous (Lopez, 2006). Part of the historical impact of HIV and AIDS can be seen through the sheer number of conspiracy theories and questions as to the origin of the virus (Libman et al, 2007). ...
rally disregarded, it is telling that the disease has had such discussion and impact outside of the medical field, arguably more so than any other global burden. Another reason why HIV and AIDS have had such an impact on global history is that it is truly global, and does not distinguish between race, socioeconomic background or any other factor. The specific risk factors for other diseases will be discussed below, but it is worth noting that, whilst certain activities put one at risk of contracting the virus, there are no environmental or sociological barriers for transmission (Quinn, 2008). Many diseases of the elderly, such as dementia or cancer, have a higher incidence in areas where people live longer. Many infectious diseases are geographically limited because they rely on a vector such as a mosquito or tick for transmission. HIV does not show any such discrimination. Malaria Malaria is a hugely important global disease. Like HIV, it is an infectious disease that claims most victims in Sub-Saharan Africa (Lopez, 2006). It claims roughly a million lives per year (WHO, 2011), although figures depend on the source. Many medications for the prevention and treatment of malaria are available (Bynum, 2010). These medications are often very cheap compared to AIDS treatment which needs to be life-long and is extremely costly (Quinn, 2008). This is one argument that HIV has had a larger global effect, because the price of treatment limits the number of people who have access to it. Additionally, malaria treatments often lead to a full recovery, whilst HIV is a life-long infection that will eventually lead to death (Libman et al, 2007). Malaria is also often found where the mosquito vector is, which means that it is rarely found naturally closer to the poles, unlike HIV ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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