The 12-Step Program - Research Paper Example

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RUNNING HEADING: The 12-Step Program Name School Number Subject Date Professor The 12-Step Program Introduction The 12-step program is a set of principles intended to help an individual recover from alcoholism, though it can be used for other problems including compulsion, and behavioral problems…
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Download file to see previous pages The American Psychological Association has developed a more concise version of the program that includes:- 1. acceptance of the problem 2. recognition of power to overcome this problem 3. Acceptance of past errors 4. Making corrections to these errors 5. Developing behavior and learning the same 6. Helping out others with similar problems (Trizio and Schlundt, 2006) The 12-step program goes beyond merely solving the problem, but involves understanding the mental and pharmacological causes of the problem and further using one's experience to solve the problems of others, or from learning from others experiences and problems. The first step of the 12-step program would be to accept one's insufficiency, accepting past errors and recognizing that a higher power which can give strength to resolve the problem (Alcohol Anonymous Worldwide Service, 2005). Steps Involved The 12 Steps as quoted are mentioned below:- Courtesy (Quoted from): Alcohol Anonymous (AA) Most of the alternatives to the above mentioned 12-steps involve modification primarily to step 1 and step 12, though, many of the modifications also involve combining or eliminating the steps in between. Along with the 12 steps, there are 12 traditions that are supplementary and provide means of group governance. Through the 12-step process, recovery occurs in the physical, mental, spiritual, religious and emotional domain. For addicts each of these domains are posing separate problems and for an alcoholic they involve:- Physical: compulsion to consume alcohol after the initial use Mental: powerlessness and lack of self-control to use the drug and control behavior Emotional: Unmanageable intention or compulsion to use the drug Spiritual (not tested scientifically): Self-centerpieces and lack of moral consciousness Religious (not tested scientifically): A road away from God (Trizio and Schlundt, 2006) History Bill Wilson and Bob Smith formed the Alcohol Anonymous organization in 1935 in Ohio and created the 12-step program through frequent meetings with the Oxford Group (a Christian organization that originated in the early part of the 20th century concerned with spiritual development). However, the Oxford Group did not intend the 12-step program for alcoholics, and was instead wanting to use the same to promote awareness and greater spiritualism. Based on the principles laid out with discussion with the Oxford group, Wilson and Smith developed the 12-step program, and used the same to solve alcohol-related problems with others. The 1939 book titled “Alcoholics Anonymous: The Story of How More Than One Hundred Men Have Recovered from Alcoholism” aimed at establishing the theory behind the 12-steps (Trizio and Schlundt, 2006). Following the initial publication, the book has been edited and version-ed several times, in order to update the concepts proposed by Wilson and Smith. However, both of them realized the book was not enough and hence they established the 12-step program as a package along with the book to promote recovery from alcoholism. When the steps were initially developed, the word “God” was used several times, and in order to make the steps more universal and secular, Wilson reduced the number of times it appeared. However, once they were revised by Wilson, the steps have hardly been edited anymore and what we see today is more or less what Wilson had proposed (12-Step,com, 2012). When the alcohol anonymous group was created, during the sessions of the 12-step ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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